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Tour de France 2021 - Stages, schedule, route map and key dates in the battle for yellow jersey

Tom Owen

Updated 28/06/2021 at 11:44 GMT

A balanced route that leans slightly towards the general classification rider with a strong time trial, the 2021 Tour de France route is an intriguing prospect. There are as many as eight potential stages for the sprinters, as well as some epic climbing days – including a trip into the Alps in the first week, plus a double-ascent of Mont Ventoux to contend with.

Tadej Pogacar and Primoz Roglic celebrate at the end of stage 21 of the Tour de France 2020

Image credit: Getty Images

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Tour de France 2021 - results and standings

Tour de france 2021 - the route.

  • 26 June, Stage 1: Brest - Landerneau (197.8km, hilly)
  • 27 June, Stage 2: Perros-Guirec - Mûr-de-Bretagne Guerlédan (183.5km, hilly)
  • 28 June, Stage 3: Lorient - Pontivy (182.7km, flat)
  • 29 June, Stage 4: Redon - Fougères (150.4km, flat)

30 June, Stage 5: Changé - Laval (27.2km, ITT)

  • 1 July, Stage 6: Tours - Châteauroux (160.6km, flat)
  • 2 July, Stage 7: Vierzon - Le Creusot (249.1km, hilly)
  • 3 July, Stage 8: Oyonnax - Le Gran-Bornand (150.8km, mountains)

4 July, Stage 9: Cluses - Tignes (144.9km, mountains)

  • 5 July, first rest day
  • 6 July, Stage 10: Albertville - Valence (190.7km, flat)

7 July, Stage 11: Sorgues - Malaucène (198.9km, mountains)

8 july, stage 12: saint-paul-trois-châteaux - nîmes (159.4km, flat).

  • 9 July, Stage 13: Nîmes - Carcassonne (219.9km, flat)
  • 10 July, Stage 14: Carcassonne - Quillan (183.7km, hilly)

11 July, Stage 15: Céret - Andorra la Vella (191.3km, mountains)

  • 12 July, second rest day
  • 13 July, Stage 16: Pas de la Case - Saint-Gaudens (169km, mountains)

14 July, Stage 17: Muret - Saint-Lary-Soulan Col du Portet (174.8km)

  • 15 July, Stage 18: Pau - Luz-Ardiden (129.7km, mountains)
  • 16 July, Stage 19: Mourenx - Libourne (207km, flat)

17 July, Stage 20: Libourne – Saint-Émilion (30.8km, ITT)

  • 18 July, Stage 21: Chatou - Paris Champs-Élysées (112km, flat)

Tour de France 2021 - route map

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The Tour de France route for 2021

Image credit: Eurosport

Tour de France 2021 - KEY stages

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Stage 5 profile: Changé – Laval (ITT)

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Stage 9 profile: Cluses - Tignes

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Stage 11 profile: Sorgues - Malaucène

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Stage 12 profile: Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux - Nîmes

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Stage 15 profile: Céret - Andorre-La-Vieille

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Stage 17 profile: Muret - Col du Portet

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Stage 20 profile: Libourne - Saint Emilion (ITT)

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2023 tour de france route: stage profiles, previews, start, finish times.

  • OlympicTalk ,
  • OlympicTalk

A stage-by-stage look at the 2023 Tour de France route with profiles, previews and estimated start and finish times (all times Eastern) ...

Stage 1/July 1: Bilbao-Bilbao (113 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 6:30 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:15 a.m. Quick Preview: The Grant Départ is held in the Basque Country as the Tour’s first three stages start in Spain. There are five categorized climbs, though none of the highest difficulty, with 21 King of the Mountain points available and 50 green jersey points. An uphill finish could neutralize the top sprinters.

tour-de-france-stage-1.jpg

TOUR DE FRANCE: Broadcast Schedule

Stage 2/July 2: Vitoria-Gasteiz-San Sebastián (130 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 6:15 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:04 a.m. Quick Preview: Five more climbs with the toughest coming near the end of the longest stage of the Tour. If no breakaways are successful, the sprinters will be rewarded with a flat finish.

tour-de-france-stage-2.jpg

Stage 3/July 3: Amorebieta-Etxano-Bayonne (120 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 7 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:27 a.m. Quick Preview: The first flat stage brings the Tour into France along the Bay of Biscay coastline. Could be Mark Cavendish’s first prime opportunity to break the Tour stage wins record he shares with Eddy Merckx.

tour-de-france-stage-3.png

Stage 4/July 4: Dax-Nogaro (114 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 7:10 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:12 a.m. Quick Preview: Another flat stage, this one finishing at France’s first purpose-built motor racing venue, the Circuit Paul Armagnac, with the final 1.9 miles taking place on the track.

tour-de-france-stage-4.jpg

Stage 5/July 5: Pau-Laruns (103 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:21 a.m. Quick Preview: The first of eight mountain stages that will collectively visit France’s five biggest mountain ranges. This one is in the Pyrenees with three summits in the second half of the day followed by a flat run-in to the finish. Expect the overall standings to shake up.

tour-de-france-stage-5.jpg

Stage 6/July 6: Tarbes-Cauterets (90 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:10 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:08 a.m. Quick Preview: The first of four summit finishes of this year’s Tour. Summit finishes are usually where the real yellow jersey contenders separate from the pack. Could be the first duel between 2022 Tour winner Jonas Vingegaard and 2020 and 2021 Tour winner Tadej Pogacar.

tour-de-france-stage-6.jpg

Stage 7/July 7: Mont-de-Marsan-Bordeaux (110 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 7:15 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:07 a.m. Quick Preview: Flattest stage of the Tour with a single fourth-category climb. Cavendish won the last time a Tour stage finished in Bordeaux in 2010.

tour-de-france-stage-7.jpg

Stage 8/July 8: Libourne-Limoges (125 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 6:30 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:07 a.m. Quick Preview: A transition day as the Tour heads to the Massif Central. A 5% uphill in the last 700 meters might mean this is not a sprinters’ day.

tour-de-france-stage-8.jpg

Stage 9/July 9: Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat-Puy de Dôme (114 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:30 a.m. Estimated Finish: 12:05 p.m. Quick Preview: A summit finish -- to a dormant volcano -- before a rest day is sure to shake up the overall standings. Puy de Dôme returns to the Tour after a 35-year absence.

tour-de-france-stage-9.jpg

Stage 10/July 11: Vulcania-Issoire (104 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:19 a.m. Quick Preview: The hilliest day of the Tour. Begins at a volcano-themed amusement park.

tour-de-france-stage-10.jpg

Stage 11/July 12: Clermont-Ferrand-Moulins (110 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:19 a.m. Quick Preview: The last flat stage until the 19th stage. If Cavendish hasn’t gotten a stage win yet, the pressure will start to mount.

tour-de-france-stage-11.jpg

Stage 12/July 13: Roanne-Belleville-en-Beaujolais (103 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:21 a.m. Quick Preview: Even with three late climbs, don’t expect a yellow jersey battle with back-to-back-to-back mountain stages after this.

tour-de-france-stage-12.jpg

Stage 13/July 14: Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne-Grand Colombier (86 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:45 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:12 a.m. Quick Preview: On Bastille Day, the second and final beyond-category summit finish of this year’s Tour. The French have incentive to break away on their national holiday, but this is a climb for the yellow jersey contenders. A young Pogacar won here in 2020.

tour-de-france-stage-13.jpg

Stage 14/July 15: Annemasse-Morzine (94 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:18 a.m. Quick Preview: Another selective day in the Alps, with each climb seemingly tougher than the last. The downhill into the finish could neutralize attacks from the last ascent.

tour-de-france-stage-14.jpg

Stage 15/July 16: Les Gets-Saint-Gervais-les-Bains (110 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 12 p.m. Quick Preview: The last of three consecutive mountain stages features the last summit finish of the Tour. The eventual Tour winner could emerge here given the next stage’s time trial is only 14 miles.

tour-de-france-stage-15.jpg

Stage 16/July 18: Passy-Combloux (14 miles) Individual Time Trial First Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:36 a.m. Quick Preview: After a rest day, the Tour’s lone, short time trial will be punctuated by a late climb. Only twice in the last 50 years has there been just one time trial (including team time trials and prologues).

tour-de-france-stage-16.jpg

Stage 17/July 19: Saint-Gervais-les-Bains-Courchevel (103 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 6:20 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:03 a.m. Quick Preview: The first of two mountain stages in the last week of the Tour. It’s the most difficult of the eight total mountain stages with more than 5,000 meters (3.1 miles) of elevation gain, capped by the beyond category Col de la Loze just before the descent to the finish.

tour-de-france-stage-17.jpg

Stage 18/July 20: Moûtiers-Bourg-en-Bresse (116 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 7:05 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:31 a.m. Quick Preview: About as flat of a “hilly” stage as one gets. Should still be a day for the sprinters who made it through the mountains.

tour-de-france-stage-18.jpg

Stage 19/July 21: Moirans-en-Montagne-Poligny (107 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 7:15 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:11 a.m. Quick Preview: An undulating stage with a relieving descent toward the end. The last kilometer goes up a 2.6% incline, which could take the sting out of some sprinters.

tour-de-france-stage-19.jpg

Stage 20/July 22: Belfort-Le Markstein (83 miles) Mountain Neutralized Start: 7:30 a.m. Estimated Finish: 10:54 a.m. Quick Preview: The last competitive day for the yellow jersey is highlighted by two late category-one climbs that could determine the overall champion should it be close going into the day.

tour-de-france-stage-20.jpg

Stage 21/July 23: Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines-Paris (71 miles) Flat Neutralized Start: 10:30 a.m. Estimated Finish: 1:28 p.m. Quick Preview: The ceremonial ride into Paris, almost always a day for the sprinters. Should be the final Tour stage for Cavendish and Peter Sagan, who both plan to retire from road cycling after this season.

tour-de-france-stage-21.jpg

Tour de France: Making Sense of Cycling’s Biggest Race

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La Course by Le Tour de France

There are only a handful of events in the world that showcase the endurance capabilities of the human body like the Tour de France.

Since its inception more than 100 years ago, the tour has been the premier venue for cyclists on the world stage to stamp their names into the history books as conquerers of the roughly 2,000-mile course and its nearly 200 riders.

From mad sprints through flat lands between mountains to lung-busting climbs in the French Alps and Pyrenees, the 24-day trek, which finishes along the Champs-Élysées, always packs hefty helpings of triumph, disappointment, glory, and scandal.

However, figuring out how the tour works can be a challenge for people new to the sport. There are a bunch of jerseys that mean different things, a point system that awards riders who do specific things remarkably well, and other fine details that can significantly impact the race.

Tour de France Route

How the Tour de France Works

The Tour de France is a 21-stage race that pits teams of riders against each other over 24 days each year, typically in July. This year, all but three days of the tour include a stage. The others serve as rest days to give riders a chance to recover.

Each of the 22 teams participating in the tour includes eight riders who work together to accomplish various goals throughout the race.

Though riders compete in teams, only one rider wins the race. Most riders competing in the Tour de France do not expect to win the race or even a single stage. Their roles are to support their teams’ leaders, whether providing food and hydration or blocking wind by riding in front.

The overall winner of the Tour de France, the winner of the general classification, is the rider with the lowest cumulative time across all 21 stages.

While only one person wins the general classification, there are other titles for riders who specialize in climbing and sprinting, along with honors for the best team and the most aggressive rider.

The Jerseys

The Tour de France awards four conspicuous jerseys to race leaders in each category, including yellow, green, polka dot, and white.

Tour de France Yellow Jersey.

The yellow jersey, or maillot jaune , is the most prestigious jersey of the tour. The leader of the general classification wears the yellow jersey throughout the race. That means the rider with the lowest cumulative time at the end of each day starts the next day in yellow. This jersey can and does change hands multiple times as the race progresses and often favors riders who excel in the mountains and time trials.

The overall winner of the general classification takes home €500,000, or roughly $535,000.

Tour de France White Jersey.

The white jersey marks the best young rider in the general classification. Only riders under 25 years old at the beginning of the year of the race are eligible to wear the white jersey. It functions the same way as the yellow jersey.

The green jersey , commonly known as the points or sprinter’s jersey, goes to the leader in the points category.

Tour de France Green Jersey.

The Tour de France awards points toward the green jersey to the first 15 riders who cross the line of intermediate sprints and the finish of each stage. Stage wins earn the most points. Many riders in the hunt for the green jersey will not attempt to win mountain stages. They save energy for the flats so they can rack up as many points as possible without exhausting themselves.

On flat stages, the winning rider earns 50 points for a stage win. Hilly stages come with 30 points, and mountainous stages offer 20, so it pays to win flat days. Each rider behind the leader down to 15th place also earns points in descending order. For example, on a sprint stage, the second-place finisher will earn 30 points, while the rider in 15th place earns two.

Intermediate sprint and time-trial stage wins are worth 20 points a piece.

The polka dot jersey, a flamboyant favorite of many, goes to the best climber. It also is commonly referred to as the “King of the Mountains” jersey. Like the green jersey, the polka dot jersey goes to the rider who has racked up the most points during categorized climbing sections of each stage, of which there are dozens.

Points vary from climb to climb based on the difficulty of each ascent and are separate from overall points toward the green jersey. Climbs are graded from Category 4 to Category 1, along with the “Hors Category,” or super-category, which are too difficult to grade.

Tour de France Polka Dot Jersey.

The first eight riders who reach the summits of super-category climbs earn points in descending order from 20 to 2. Category 1 climb points go to the first six riders to reach the summit starting at 10 for the winner and falling to 2 for sixth place.

Four riders earn points ranging from five to one for Category 2 climbs. The first two riders to summit Category 2 climbs earn two points each, and the first rider to summit a Category 4 climb earns one point.

Riders can hold multiple jerseys at the same time. If that happens, the leading rider wears the more prestigious jersey, and the others go to the rider in second place.

Last year, Tadej Pogacar of UAE Team Emirates walked away with the yellow, white, and polka dot jerseys, while Mark Cavendish snagged the green jersey.

Riders without the honor of a jersey still have other awards to chase, including individual stage victories, the most aggressive rider prize, and the best team classification.

The most aggressive rider wears a red number plate, while the best team rides with yellow number plates.

The Tour de France Course

The vast majority of the race happens throughout France, though it sometimes begins in nearby countries for a couple of stages before crossing over into France.

This year, the tour begins in Copenhagen on July 1 and includes stages in Belgium, Switzerland and, of course, France. By the race’s end, riders will have covered approximately 2,068 miles.

Each stage brings unique challenges that each rider and team must navigate to keep themselves at or near the front of the pack. Tour organizers categorize stages as flat, hilly, or mountainous.

There are two time-trial stages in the Tour de France in 2022. The first kicks off the event on July 1, and the second comes the day before the race’s finish in Paris. These stages involve riders starting one at a time at set intervals over a short distance.

The first-time trial that opens the tour is just more than 8 miles long. The last one stretches out to a little more than 25 miles.

Profile of the final time trial stage of the Tour de France in 2022.

Each rider races alone against the clock to jockey for the position as the fastest rider. Time trial specialists can pull back significant time against their competition by putting the hammer down during these events.

Riders use customized specialty bikes and apparel to reduce aerodynamic drag as much as possible to ensure they save every millisecond. These courses typically involve rolling terrain where riders stay on the pedals from start to finish.

All other stages of the tour begin with a mass start where most riders stick together in a large group, known as the peloton. Whether across flat, hilly, or mountainous stages, riding in the peloton helps riders save energy for the opportune moment when they might be able to attack.

The longest stage of the tour in 2022 is nearly 137 miles. The shortest outside of the two time trials comes on the final day at 72 miles.

Flat stages, also called sprint stages, don’t have much elevation gain, but they make up for it in explosive endings. The flat stages of the Tour de France cater to sprinters, who usually spend the entire day tucked safely in the peloton to protect themselves from wind resistance.

They save their energy for the last part of the stage when they rely upon teammates to get them into an excellent position to erupt from behind and surge to the finish line.

Profile of a flat stage of the 2022 Tour de France.

Mountain stages test cyclists who specialize in climbing and descending. These stages include thousands of feet of elevation gain on extremely steep grades, followed by white-knuckle descents that often see riders hit 40 mph or higher.

Due to the varied nature of these stages, the field of athletes often becomes considerably stretched out, with leading riders working in small groups to push ahead as others lose steam and drop back.

Top riders can use mountain stages to pull away from the rest of the field and gain valuable time toward their overall general classification time. Additionally, the top three finishers of each stage other than time trials earn 10-, 6-, and 4-second time bonuses toward their overall general classification time.

Profile of a mountain stage of the Tour de France.

How to Watch the Tour de France

The Tour de France will air on NBC and NBC Sports networks. NBC’s Peacock service and NBC Sports will stream live coverage from Phil Liggett and Bob Roll. Cyclists Jens Voigt and Van Velde will also contribute to the commentary.

Tour de France

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course of the tour de france

Mark Wilson is a freelance journalist for GearJunkie and BikeRumor. Mark has been writing about cycling, climbing, outdoor events and gear for more than a year. Before that, he spent more than a decade as a journalist at major daily newspapers in Texas covering crime, public safety and local government. Mark spent every free moment during that time carving up singletrack and gravel, or climbing with friends and family in Texas, Colorado and Mexico. Based in Texas, Mark is always looking for new trails, crags and gear to help navigate the outdoors. As a new dad, he is particularly interested in learning how to share his love of the outdoors with his son.

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course of the tour de france

2023 Tour de France: A visual guide to cycling’s most challenging race

CORRECTION: A previous version of this story misstated the number of competing teams in the Tour de France. The correct number is 22.

The 110th edition of the Tour de France , the most challenging and best-known bicycle race in the world, starts July 1 in Bilbao, Spain, and ends 2,115 grueling and painful miles later on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris on July 23.

In France, the tour is more than a three-week race – it's a cultural phenomenon . Ten million to 12 million racing fans will line the roads of the course to cheer on 176 riders among 22 teams.

Around the world, millions will watch on broadcast TV or streaming services. 41.5 million viewed the 2022 race on the French public service broadcaster France Télévisions alone.

And while nearly 200 riders compete, only one will win.

The race: More than 2,100 miles in 21 days

The Tour de France is actually a collection of 21 single-day races, called stages, over 23 days. (Two rest days are built in.) The stages range from:

  • Flat (8 stages): While the route is not always flat, racers usually ride together in a large group called a peloton . Flat stages end with riders breaking away by themselves or a large group sprinting together.
  • Hilly (4 stages): Considered more arduous than a flat stage but less difficult than a mountain stage.
  • Mountain (8 stages): First introduced in 1910, mountain stages are the most challenging. This year, riders will climb the 6,939-foot Col du Tourmalet in the Pyrenees.
  • Time trial (1 stage): Individual riders race against the clock. The 2023 time trial is 13.7 miles. The other stages average to 105 miles, and the longest stage is 130 miles.

Tour route is different every year

The Tour de France has been held annually – except for war years – since 1903. While the format stays the same, the route changes every year, alternating between a clockwise and counterclockwise circuit of France.

It's designed by two men, Christian Prudhomme , a former TV journalist who is general director of the tour, and Thierry Gouvenou , a former pro racer who is the tour's race director. Prudhomme decides the general route and Gouvenou maps out details , linking towns and cities together.

The tour was confined to France in the early years but has expanded beyond French borders. The Grand Départ , the start of the race, was held outside France for the first time in 1954, in the Netherlands.

Other nations have hosted the Grand Départ, including the U.K. in 2007 and 2014.

Since 1975, the final stage has ended in Paris . In 2024, however, the race will finish in Nice .

Do women compete in the Tour de France?

Women have competed, but not directly with men and not over the same distances. Women have raced on smaller editions of the tour over the years, once in 1955 and again from 1984 to 1989. That series was canceled over financial problems.

Other equivalent events such as la Grande Boucle Féminin were held, but these did not last.

The women's tour was revived in 2022 with 144 women competing in the Tour de France Femmes avec Zwift , a smaller version of the men's event with 640 miles over eight days.

Femmes avec Zwift returns this year , with women riders racing eight days over a 594-mile course.

Which riders are favored to win this year?

The top three contenders according to Cycling News are:

How does a rider win the Tour de France?

The overall winner is the rider with lowest accrued time over the 21 stages of the race. It's possible to win the tour without winning a single stage – American rider Greg LeMond won in 1990 without a stage win. Roger Walkowiak of France won in 1956 without winning a stage.

Overall leaders wear a distinctive yellow jersey as long as they're in the lead. The jersey can be worn by a number of riders throughout the race. Its use was introduced in 1919.

There are also secondary honors, such as the award given to the rider who scores the most points, earned by finishing among the top 15 in a specific stage.

There's also the King of the Mountains award for the rider who gets the most points in categorized mountain climbs.

Domestiques are the tour's unsung heroes

Winning riders don't win by themselves. They get crucial support from teammates, called "domestiques," the French word for servants, who support the lead rider and the team overall.

Domestiques assist by:

  • Bringing food and water to teammates.
  • Helping leaders with flat tires and mechanical breakdowns, including giving top riders their own wheels or even bikes to continue the race.
  • Riding in front of top riders to provide a windbreak.
  • If a top rider falls behind, domestiques will lead him back to the pack.

The windbreak technique is called drafting, in which domestiques cut the wind ahead of the top rider. Cycling sources say the top rider conserves 15% to 40% of his energy in drafting.

Riding in front of the pack is exhausting. Domestiques often trade off places in front of the top rider.

How physically demanding is it?

The race is considered one of the most difficult athletic events in the world. Participants are:

Riders can be injured in collisions or crashes. Broken bones, concussions and dislocated shoulders are common.

What do the jersey colors signify?

Tour riders wear the distinctive uniforms of their teams, but you'll see four jerseys with special colors and significance.

Tour de France terms you should know

  • Peloton: A French term meaning "group." It refers to the main pack of riders.
  • Breakaway: One rider or a group of riders who have outdistanced the peloton.
  • Attack: When a rider or riders race away from the group.
  • Team leader: The best rider on the team.
  • Time trial: A race against the clock.
  • Rouleur: A steady rider with a consistent pace.
  • Slipstream: The relatively still air behind a rider, used by followers to overcome air resistance.
  • Drafting: Taking shelter in the slipstream of the rider ahead.
  • Sag wagon: A vehicle that picks up riders who are no longer able to continue.

What do the riders win?

The tour says, "A total of  2.3 million euros  (about $2.5 million) will be awarded to the teams and riders including €500,000 (about $531,820) to the final winner of the overall individual classification."

Who are the legends of the Tour de France?

Past multiple winners include:

  • Fausto Coppi | Italy, 1949, 1952
  • Jacques Anquetil | France, 1957, 1961-64
  • Eddy Merckx | Belgium, 1969-74
  • Bernard Hinault | France, 1978-79, 1981-82, 1985
  • Greg LeMond | U.S., 1986, 1989-90
  • Miguel Indurain | Spain, 1991-95
  • Chris Froome | Kenya, 2013, 2015-17

American Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France a record seven times from 1999 to 2005, but he was stripped of his victories by the International Cycling Union in 2012 over allegations of using illegal drugs. He admitted to years of performance-enhancing drug use to Oprah Winfrey in a televised interview. 

How to watch the Tour de France

Coverage of the 2023 Tour de France will be carried on :

  • NBC Sports: Will broadcast select parts of race.
  • Peacock : Will stream all race stages.
  • USA Network: Will show condensed live coverage.

SOURCE USA TODAY Network reporting and research; Associated Press; VeloNews; letour.com; bicycling.com; cyclingnews.com

course of the tour de france

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The Birth of the Tour de France

By: Christopher Klein

Updated: May 8, 2023 | Original: June 28, 2013

Riders descend a hill during stage seven of the 83rd Tour de France in 1969.

On July 1, 1903, 60 men mounted their bicycles outside the Café au Reveil Matin in the Parisian suburb of Montgeron. The five-dozen riders were mostly French, with just a sprinkle of Belgians, Swiss, Germans and Italians. A third were professionals sponsored by bicycle manufacturers, the others were simply devotees of the sport. All 60 wheelmen, however, were united by the challenge of embarking on an unprecedented test of endurance—not to mention the 20,000 francs in prize money—in the inaugural Tour de France.

At 3:16 p.m., the cyclists turned the pedals of their bicycles and raced into the unknown.

Nothing like the Tour de France had ever been attempted before. Journalist Geo Lefevre had dreamt up the fanciful race as a stunt to boost the circulation of his struggling daily sports newspaper, L’Auto. Henri Desgrange, the director-editor of L’Auto and a former champion cyclist himself, loved the idea of turning France into one giant velodrome. They developed a 1,500-mile clockwise loop of the country running from Paris to Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nantes before returning to the French capital. There were no Alpine climbs and only six stages—as opposed to the 21 stages in the 2013 Tour— but the distances covered in each of them were monstrous, an average of 250 miles. (No single stage in the 2013 Tour tops 150 miles.) Between one and three rest days were scheduled between stages for recovery.

The first stage of the epic race was particularly dastardly. The route from Paris to Lyon stretched nearly 300 miles. No doubt several of the riders who wheeled away from Paris worried not about winning the race—but surviving it.

Unlike today’s riders, the cyclists in 1903 rode over unpaved roads without helmets. They rode as individuals, not team members. Riders could receive no help. They could not glide in the slipstream of fellow riders or vehicles of any kind. They rode without support cars. Cyclists were responsible for making their own repairs. They even rode with spare tires and tubes wrapped around their torsos in case they developed flats.

And unlike modern-day riders, the cyclists in the 1903 Tour de France, forced to cover enormous swathes of land, spent much of the race riding through the night with moonlight the only guide and stars the only spectators. During the early morning hours of the first stage, race officials came across many competitors “riding like sleepwalkers.”

Hour after hour through the night, riders abandoned the race. One of the favorites, Hippolyte Aucouturier, quit after developing stomach cramps, perhaps from the swigs of red wine he took as an early 1900s version of a performance enhancer.

Twenty-three riders abandoned the first stage of the race, but the one man who barreled through the night faster than anyone else was another pre-race favorite, 32-year-old professional Maurice Garin. The mustachioed French national worked as a chimney sweep as a teenager before becoming one of France’s leading cyclists. Caked in mud, the diminutive Garin crossed the finish line in Lyon a little more than 17 hours after the start outside Paris. In spite of the race’s length, he won by only one minute.

“The Little Chimney Sweep” built his lead as the race progressed. By the fifth stage, Garin had a two-hour advantage. When his nearest competitor suffered two flat tires and fell asleep while resting on the side of the road, Garin captured the stage and the Tour was all but won.

The sixth and final stage, the race’s longest, began in Nantes at 9 p.m. on July 18, so that spectators could watch the riders arrive in Paris late the following afternoon. Garin strapped on a green armband to signify his position as race leader. (The famed yellow jersey worn by the race leader was not introduced until 1919.) A crowd of 20,000 in the Parc des Princes velodrome cheered as Garin won the stage and the first Tour de France. He bested butcher trainee Lucien Pothier by nearly three hours in what remains the greatest winning margin in the Tour’s history. Garin had spent more than 95 hours in the saddle and averaged 15 miles per hour. In all, 21 of the 60 riders completed the Tour, with the last-place rider more than 64 hours behind Garin.

For Desgrange, the race was an unqualified success. Newspaper circulation soared six-fold during the race. However, a chronic problem that would perpetually plague the Tour de France was already present in the inaugural race—cheating. The rule-breaking started in the very first stage when Jean Fischer illegally used a car to pace him. Another rider was disqualified in a subsequent stage for riding in a car’s slipstream.

That paled in comparison, however, to the nefarious activity the following year in the 1904 Tour de France. As Garin and a fellow rider pedaled through St. Etienne, fans of hometown rider Antoine Faure formed a human blockade and beat the men until Lefevre arrived and fired a pistol to break up the melee. Later in the race, fans protesting the disqualification of a local rider placed tacks and broken glass on the course. The riders acted a little better. They hitched rides in cars during the dark and illegally took help from outsiders. Garin himself was accused of illegally obtaining food during a portion of one stage. The race was so plagued by scandal that four months later Desgrange disqualified Garin and the three other top finishers. It, of course, wouldn’t be the last time a Tour winner was stripped of his title.

course of the tour de france

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Grand Départ Florence Émilie-Romagne 2024

course of the tour de france

The 111th edition of the Tour de France will start from Florence on Saturday, 29 June 2024 in a historic first for the Grande Boucle.

course of the tour de france

THE LONGEST WAIT , Christian Prudhomme, Director of the Tour de France

course of the tour de france

Florence had been talking to us about it for a very long time, Emilia-Romagna nurtured its burning desire, and then Piedmont came on board — Italy truly raised its ambitions to the power of three to host the Grand Départ .

Their ardour and synergies will right a historic wrong as the Tour de France gets under way on the Italian Peninsula for the first time and the riders take their first pedal strokes in this true-blue cycling nation. Exactly a century after Ottavio Bottecchia became the first cyclist from the other side of the Alps to win the Tour, the peloton will go from the birthplace of Gino Bartali, a champion Righteous Among the Nations, to that of Marco Pantani, the unforgettable Il Pirata, worshipped without measure, before paying tribute to the campionissimo, Fausto Coppi. These three stages will take us through majestic landscapes in which the leaders will be forced to take matters into their own hands from the opening weekend. It is going to be magical.

JUST LIKE HOME , Stefano Bonaccini, President of the region Emilia-Romagna et Dario Nardella, Mayor of Florence

"Florence and Emilia-Romagna are physically linked by mountains. The Apuan Alps, the most incredible stretch of the chain surrounding Tuscany, which yielded the marble for Michelangelo’s sublime creations, extend all the way to the Emilia-Romagna Apennines, a mountain range carpeted with charming villages steeped in history on the road from Dante’s birthplace to his tomb in Ravenna.

The other tie that binds our city and our region is our passion for cycling. Three of our scions —Gino Bartali, Gastone Nencini and Marco Pantani— have won the Tour, and our other champions are too numerous to mention. Yet one name stands out from the legend: Alfonsina Strada, a pioneer from Castelfranco Emilia, who in 1924 became the first —and only— woman to take part in the men’s Giro d’Italia. For the Tour de France, this Grand Départ from Florence and Emilia-Romagna will feel just like home."

From left to right: Dario NARDELLA, Christian PRUDHOMME, Stefano BONACCINI

"It’s an honour to host the Tour de France’s Grand Départ and to be able to showcase Florence and Emilia-Romagna, as well as Turin and Piedmont, to sports enthusiasts from all over the world. The landscapes that will feature in the race will serve as an invitation to come and discover the extraordinary beauty of these regions, which have always been devoted to cycling, at a time when the bicycle is becoming the preferred means of transport for “slow”, meaning that you take your time, green, sustainable and enjoyable tourism. We’re ready to welcome world cycling’s elite with three magnificent stages that will wind their way along our roads next summer. The local organising committee"

course of the tour de france

HAND IN HAND Florence and Emilia-Romagna are physically linked by mountains. The Apuan Alps, the most impressive part of the chain that surrounds Tuscany, extend towards the Emilia-Romagna Apennines. Their passion for cycling is the other link that unites them, the two locations the birthplace of no fewer than three Tour de France champions between them: Gino Bartali, Gastone Nencini and Marco Pantani. Florence is the cradle of art, literature and architecture, the birthplace of the Renaissance and the Italian language. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is universally recognised as one of the world’s most beautiful cities, thanks to its many monuments and museums, which attract millions of tourists every year. Proud of its past, Florence is also looking to the future with a vision focused on sustainable development, creativity and innovation. Emilia-Romagna is built around the green heart of the Apennines, the Po Valley and the Adriatic coast. The ancient Via Emilia, built in Roman times, runs across it from Rimini to Piacenza, an artery that provided the lifeblood to an area rich in culture and with a history stretching back thousands of years. That heritage that is still alive and well, and is now epitomised by Emilia-Romagna’s current position among the most advanced regions in Europe. This is reflected in its economic activity, focused around tourism and the agri-food, textile and automotive industries.

BREATHTAKING, GROUNDBREAKING

Florence is the cradle of art, literature and architecture, the birthplace of the Renaissance and of the Italian language. Nestled on a territory that for centuries has been characterized by the perfect balance between man and nature, it is a destination for millions of visitors from all over the world every year. Today it is a city proud of its past and future oriented, focused on sustainable development, creativity and innovation.

Emilia-Romagna is a unique region. Land of doing and land of beauty, with the Apennines as great green heart, the Adriatic coast, the Po river and its valley. Via Emilia, which crosses the region and connects from Rimini to Piacenza, is the beating heart of an area rich in culture and a millenary history. It’s a still living legacy, welded with a present that sees Emilia-Romagna as one of the most advanced territories in Europe, thanks to the tenacity, inspiration and industriousness of its citizens.

Capital of the Tuscany region

Population: 383,000

  • EMILIA-ROMAGNA

A region in northern Italy

Surface area : 22,510 km²

Population : 4,460,000

Capital and stage city : Bologna (390,000 inhabitants)

Stage towns and cities : Rimini (150,000 inhabitants), Cesenatico (26,000 inhabitants), and Piacenza (103,000 inhabitants)  

A region in north-western Italy

Surface area : 25,400 km²

Population : 4,342,000

Capital : Turin (890,000 inhabitants)

Wednesday, 26 June : Opening of the reception desk and press centre at the Teatro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, the Florence Opera

Thursday, 27 June :  Presentation of the 2024 Tour de France teams from the Palazzo Vecchio, the City Hall of Florence to Piazzale Michelangelo, esplanade Michelangelo

Saturday, 29 June : Stage 1 Florence > Rimini

Sunday, 30 June : Stage 2 Cesenatico > Bologna

Monday, 1 July : Stage 3 Plaisance > Turin

STAGE 1 | Florence > Rimini | 29 June 2024 | 205 KM

This postcard will provide a snapshot of the Grand Départ in Florence, the Bartali Museum in Ponte a Ema —where the champion was born— and the finish on the Adriatic seafront.

In sporting terms, this trek through the Apennines packs an elevation gain of 3,800 m, from the power climb of Valico Tre Faggi to steeper slopes, in the heart of the Republic of San Marino, the last of which comes near the finish. The first Yellow Jersey may well go to one of the contenders for the overall title.

course of the tour de france

STAGE 2 | Cesenatico > Bologne | 30 June 2024 | 200 KM

From the spa resort where Marco Pantani used to live, which is also his final resting place, the peloton will ride down gorgeous plains before hitting the first two climbs, including the Cima Gallisterna, coming right before Imola Circuit, where Julian Alaphilippe earned his rainbow stripes in 2020.

Another four difficulties stand between the riders and the finish line, including two ascents to San Luca (1.9km at 10.6%) along the 666 arches of the staircase leading to the Sanctuary. Punchers are in for a real treat.

course of the tour de france

STAGE 3 | Plaisance > Turin | 1 July 2024 | 225 KM

Pure sprinters will get their first chance to shine on the road from Emilia-Romagna to Piedmont. A course with nary a bump on the road, a detour through Lombardy, a visit to Tortona, where Fausto Coppi drew his final breath, a romp through the Langhe, which boasts delicious truffles and wine-growing landscapes on the UNESCO World Heritage list, some of the roads of Milan–San Remo… Against such a jaw-dropping backdrop, any breakaways will have their work cut out for them to stay clear and pre-empt a bunch sprint.

course of the tour de france

  7 winners and 10 victories

  • Ottavio Bottecchia (1924 & 1925)
  • Gino Bartali (1938 & 1948)
  • Fausto Coppi (1949 et 1952)
  • Gastone Nencini (1960)
  • Felice Gimondi (1965)
  • Marco Pantani (1998)
  • Vincenzo Nibali (2014)

28  wearers of the Yellow Jersey

2 green jerseys for the points classification

12  King of the Mountains awards

5  winners of the best young rider classification

269  stage wins from Ernesto Azzini in 1910 to Vincenzo Nibali in 2019 -  12 (record) for Gino Bartali and Mario Cipollini

9 stage towns and cities so far from San Remo in 1948 to Pinerolo in 2011

Ottavio Bottecchia

1924:  The first Italian Tour de France champion, Ottavio Bottecchia , will also become the first rider to wear the Yellow Jersey from start to finish. He will make it two in a row in 1925.    

1948:  After winning the race before the war, in 1938, Gino Bartali takes his second Tour ten years later, which still stands as the longest gap between victories.  

1952:  Three years after emerging victorious from a fratricidal duel with Gino Bartali, Fausto Coppi crushes the competition on his way to another win.

Gastone Nencini

1960: The field, led by Yellow Jersey and future winner Gastone Nencini , saluted General de Gaulle in a historic moment in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises.

1965:  Yellow Jersey Felice Gimondi drove home his advantage in the time trial from Aix-les-Bains to the Mont Revard, on his way to taking the title in his very first start.

Marco Pantani

1998: Marco Pantani , the best young rider in the 1994 and 1995 editions of the Tour, uses the mountain stages as a launch pad to the top step of the podium in Paris.  

2014:  Vincenzo Nibali becomes the most recent Italian Tour de France champion after going on the offensive from the beginning and laying down the law in the mountains.

  • 28 wearers of the Yellow Jersey
  • 2 green jerseys for the points classification
  • 12 King of the Mountains awards 5 winners of the best young rider classification
  • 269 stage wins from Ernesto Azzini in 1910 to Vincenzo Nibali in 2019 including 12 (record) for Gino Bartali and Mario Cipollini
  • 9 stage towns and cities so far from San Remo in 1948 to Pinerolo in 2011

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How Long Is the Tour de France?

The 2023 course has some big climbs and surprise locations.

109th tour de france 2022 stage 14

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The Tour de France is cycling’s most well-known stage race, taking place over the course of three weeks. This year’s race starts on Saturday, July 1, 2023 through Sunday, Jul 23, 2023. A truly international race, this year’s event will begin in Bilbao, Spain, although it will, as it traditionally does, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.

To that point, the race course is different every year. This summer, the riders will travel 3,404 kilometers, or just a few feet over 2,115 miles, according to the Amaura Sport Organisation (ASO), which announced the route in October 2022.

Remember, the United States is one of the few places that uses miles to measure distance so when you watch coverage, remember to “think metric.” One kilometer is equal to .621 miles. A 5K, for example, is 3.2 miles.

In other words, it’s not just the length of the course that’s challenging, but the terrain. This year’s race, many feel, is “for climbers.” There are also time trials to test the cyclists’ abilities.

How long is the average Tour de France?

The Tour de France is always three weeks long and typically split into 21 stages—days of riding—with one or two rest days. Depending on how the dates are organized, though, some years it’s been only 20 stages, while other years have had as many as 25 stages. The first two Tours in the early 1900s only had six stages.

The total mileage of the 21 stages combined tends to hover around 2,200 miles, which averages to around 100 miles of racing most days .

le tour de france 2023 route map

Is every stage the same length?

Not at all! Stages in the Tour de France vary wildly in length. Some days involve 180-plus mile long races while others are 30-miles fast and furious. The styles of racing also change: There are individual time trials, team time trials, and standard road races that take place with a mass start. Here are the stages of the 2023 Tour .

What’s the shortest Tour de France stage?

Since the entire course changes each year, so do the lengths of the stages. In 1988, the second shortest race of the modern era (2,042 miles) also had the shortest time trial and flat stage. The one-kilometer individual time trial from the prologue of the 1988 Tour de France is the shortest race ever run during the Tour. Guido Bontemp won it in 1 minute and 14 seconds. The 1988 race also contained the shortest flat stage at 23.6 miles. Adri van der Poel won that stage in 46 minutes and 36 seconds. Ardent cycling fans might recognize Adri as the father of multi-time cyclocross world champion, road and mountain bike superstar Mathieu van der Poel .

What was the shortest Tour de France?

Depends on what you mean by the shortest! The second Tour de France ever run—back in 1904—was only six stages long—but it covered 1,483 miles, so some stages lasted for nearly a full day. In the last two decades, the shortest Tour was in 2002 and covered 2,035 miles across 20 stages.

What was the longest Tour de France?

That would be the 1926 Tour de France, which covered 3,569 miles in an attempt to ride around the border of France... but close behind that is the 1919 Tour de France, which also has the dubious honor of being the slowest Tour de France in miles-per-hour.

Despite the fact that it was almost 200 miles shorter than the 1926 route, it was only a few hours faster in overall ride time for the winner. It also had the longest one-day stage—265 miles—and it reportedly took the winner almost 19 hours to complete it. That year’s Tour also only had 10 finishers out of 69 starters, the lowest number of Tour finishers ever. Yes, 1919 was rough.

What about elevation gain?

Remember, a lot of the stages of the Tour de France go up and down mountains, so not only are riders contending with 100-plus mile days in the saddle, they’re climbing thousands of feet in the process. In 2020, one stage included 14,435 feet of climbing over the course of 118 miles. That's a half-Everest in a single stage.

How fast do riders go?

In recent years, the average speed has hovered around 24.8 miles per hour (40 kilometers per hour), though it changes a bit from year to year depending on the riders, the elevation gain, the temperature, and the length of the stages. But it stays fairly close to that 25 MPH speed.

Molly writes about cycling, nutrition and training, with an emphasis on women in sport. Her new middle-grade series, Shred Girls, debuts with Rodale Kids/Random House in 2019 with "Lindsay's Joyride." Her other books include "Mud, Snow and Cyclocross," "Saddle, Sore" and "Fuel Your Ride." Her work has been published in magazines like Bicycling, Outside and Nylon. She co-hosts The Consummate Athlete Podcast.

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Tour de France: Vingegaard the champion again as Meeus sprints to stage win – as it happened

Jordi Meeus sprinted to victory on the final stage as Jonas Vingegaard was crowned champion again

  • 23 Jul 2023 Top five on stage 21
  • 23 Jul 2023 Jordi Meeus pips Jasper Philipsen on the line to win stage 21
  • 23 Jul 2023 Tadej Pogacar wins the intermediate sprint
  • 23 Jul 2023 The racing on stage 21 has begun...with a touch of fun to start
  • 23 Jul 2023 Who’s wearing what jersey?
  • 23 Jul 2023 The top five on General Classification
  • 23 Jul 2023 Jonas Vingegaard to win Tour de France again as Pogacar takes stage 20
  • 23 Jul 2023 The stage 21 roll-out is under way
  • 23 Jul 2023 Saint Quentin en Yvelines-Paris Champs Élysées, 115km

Jordi Meeus (C) sprints to the finish line to win the 21st and final stage.

It’s farewell from me… for today. I’ll be back on the Tour de France Femmes live blog tomorrow. Thank you for all your messages, questions and funny anecdotes. They really do bring a smile to my face and it’s been a pleasure covering stages of the Tour de France for you. My colleagues will update with a race report shortly…I’m off to try and recreate this Pogacar gem.

🇫🇷 Lorsque l’actuel deuxième coureur au classement général du Tour de France Tadej Pogacar se rend tranquillement chercher sa baguette en vélo dans les rues de Clermont-Ferrand ! 🥖 🎥 tadejpogacar pic.twitter.com/B1QjiFVWUY — radio sisko fm (@radiosiskofm) July 15, 2023

On the podium:

Jonas Vingegaard celebrating winning the yellow jersey at the Tour de France for the second year in a row.

Earlier I mentioned that there were a few riders saying farewell to the Tour today, having previously announced their retirement from road racing. As well as Sagan and Pinot, Tony Gallopin and Dries Devenyns have raced their final Tour stage today. Gary has tweeted to share his gratitude for Pinot:

Au revoir Thibault Pinot. You rode with your heart on your sleeve not your eye on the power meter, and carried a torch for the emotional power of panache when we thought it had gone forever, lost in a miasma of marginal gains. Chapeau! @AmySedghi — Gary Naylor (@garynaylor999) July 23, 2023

Jonas Vingegaard has won the 110th edition of the Tour de France . It’s the Dane’s second year in a row winning the yellow jersey. Here’s what he had to say after today’s stage:

What was the feeling when you crossed the line? It’s a feeling of being proud. I’m happy of course – we’re winning it for the second time and it’s amazing. Today with all the spectators, all the Danish people here, it was really amazing and I have to say thank you, not only to my team and family, but to all the of Denmark. They support me as well and I’m really grateful for this.”

Can you describe the journey from Bilbao? “It’s been a long journey but it’s also went by so fast. We race everyday…it’s been a super hard race and a super good fight between me and Tadej [Pogacar]. I really enjoyed it all the way.”

What can we expect from you? “Of course, I hope to come back next year to see if I can take the third win. At least try it. I think that would be the plan.”

What would you want your daughter to think of you when she’s older? “Just that I was a good father…that I was there for her when she needed me.”

Today’s stage winner Meeus speaks: “I knew in the previous sprints that I [had] more than the results I’ve shown so far. [Today] everything went perfect and I was super happy to finish it off.”

“I felt good all day: the beginning was easy, obviously, but from the moment we went full gas my legs felt incredibly good. Then Marco Haller did a perfect job of positioning [me]. It’s my first tour. It was a super nice experience already and to take the win today is an indescribable feeling.”

Top five on stage 21

1. Jordi Meeus (Bora Hansgrohe) 2. Jasper Philipsen (Alpecin Deceuninck) 3. Dylan Groenewegen (Team Jayco Alula) 4. Mads Pedersen (Lidl-Trek) 5. Cees Bol (Astana Qazaqstan Team)

Sagan sums up how everyone in the peloton must be feeling: “I’m tired,” he tells the Eurosport reporter. He doesn’t have much more to add.

An exciting finish… It was quite difficult to see who had taken that as there were a mix of green jerseys crossing the line together, but an overjoyed Meeus has clinched it. That was an exciting sprint to watch: Pogacar lead the group out with 1km to give a final flourish, Philipsen look well placed yet didn’t win and Meeus crossed the line to take the victory.

Jordi Meeus pips Jasper Philipsen on the line to win stage 21

Jordi Meeus of Bora-Hansgrohe pips Jasper Philipsen on the line. Philipsen can’t believe it and is shaking his head. That was quite unexpected…

Jordi Meeus of Team BORA-Hansgrohe wins the race.

2km to go: The sprint trains are forming. Lidl-Trek, Alpecin-Deceuninck, Uno-X and Jayco Alula are all up there. The yellow jersey have dropped back to stay out of danger and let get on with it.

5km to go: A few riders are still trying to push off the front, including Omar Fraile and Victor Campenaerts but it’s only going to end one way. I think we’re sure to see a bunch sprint and Jasper Philipsen would surely love to take this.

8km to go: Well, Sean Kelly was right. The breakaway has been caught and the riders are all back together. Magnus Cort briefly tries to get away but he’s reeled back in. We’re coming round to the final bell…

11km to go: Stefan Küng has had a mechanical. The peloton are closing in on Frison, Clarke and Oliveira but they seem to be letting them go again. Carlton Kirby on Eurosport is saying that there are some spots of localised drizzle and there is a corner that if it gets wet, has him worried.

13km to go: Hindley has managed to get back on to the peloton. The lap board is stating two laps to go! Next time round the riders will get the bell. It’s exciting.

16km to go: Seventh placed in the GC, Jai Hindley has had a bike change as his chain dropped. Frison, Clarke and Oliveira have 17sec on the group and are riding at around 55kmph.

20km to go: Sean Kelly isn’t sure that this three-man break is going to stick. While we wait to see if he’s right, I thought I’d share an email that’s landed in my inbox. Margaret asks: “Those energy bars that they all eat…are they wrapped differently to the bars we buy in the stores? Because I certainly need two hands (and occasionally a pair of scissors) to get into them. I wouldn’t ever contemplate trying to open one on a bicycle going at the speeds they reach.” I haven’t tried one of the pro-teams’ bars so can’t say but my soigneur (aka boyfriend) suspects that they might use a thinner wrapper that is easier to tear (although this has not been independently verified).

22km to go: It was looking like the trio were going to be swallowed up but the gap has gone back out to about 17 sec. The sprinters’ teams are probably happy to have a break of only three riders as they will be able to bring them back in later.

28km to go: It’s a slim lead of 8sec for the trio. Pogacar doesn’t let up and wants to join in the fun.

Pogacar really wants a piece of the action on the Champs-Élysées.

31km to go: The attackers have been reeled in, but hang on a moment, we have another attack. This time it’s Simon Clarke, followed by Frederik Frison and Nelson Oliveira.

33km to go: Michal Kwiatkowski, Alberto Bettiol, Nils Politt, Alex Edmondson, Harold Tejada, Yves Lampaert and Skjelmose have joined Pogacar and Van Hooydonck in the breakaway group. They have a very slender lead of 5sec.

Tadej Pogacar wins the intermediate sprint

Pogacar crossed the line first to take the intermediate sprint, with Van Hooydonck following. The results are:

1. Tadej Pogacar, 20 pts 2. Nathan van Hooydonck, 17 pts 3. Bryan Coquard, 15 pts 4. Alberto Bettiol, 13 pts 5. Nikias Arndt, 11 pts 6. Kevin Geniets, 10 pts 7. Michal Kwiatkowski, 9 pts 8. Axel Zingle, 8 pts 9. Rémi Cavagna, 7 pts 10. Lawson Craddock, 6 pts 11. Alex Edmondson, 5 pts 12. Nils Politt, 4 pts 13. Omar Fraile, 3 pts 14. Mattias Skjelmose, 2 pts 15. Harold Tejada, 1 pt

🏁 40KM 💚 @TamauPogi is first at the intermediate sprint @NVHooydonck behind. 💚 @TamauPogi est le premier au sprint intermédiaire, avec @NVHooydonck juste derrière. #TDF2023 @WeLoveCyclingFR pic.twitter.com/Rhz3BRxdov — Tour de France™ (@LeTour) July 23, 2023

37km to go: With the Tour de France 2023 coming to a close, many fans have been reflecting on their favourite moments. Michael has emailed in from Calgary in Canada to share his highlight: “As a Canadian, I have to be happy with the stage win this year by Michael Woods. It was a fantastic performance.” He’s also wondering about the team standings and asks “does anybody care at all about the team standings? The Tour diligently publishes them, but do they matter even slightly? (I wish they did - just like I wish there would be a team time trial every year.)"

41km to go: Six laps to go and Pogacar and Van Hooydonck are off the front with a very modest 10sec. Another group are splitting off the chasing group and another…the peloton is fracturing.

43km to go: I stand corrected. The coverage is showing that the roads have had a bit of rain on them but hopefully, not enough for it to be an issue. Van Hooydonck has decided to take turns and as a result, him and Pogacar have got the gap up to 15sec.

47km to go: Pogacar has attacked for a bit of fun. The crowd are loving it. The man certainly can entertain. Nathan Van Hooydonck of Jumbo-Visma is stuck on his wheel and refusing to do a turn.

53km to go: Earlier on the commentary, there was quite a bit of chat about whether the weather would hold or if the riders would face a wet sprint. Not a fun thought over those cobbles. So far, the weather looks to have behaved and the roads seem dry. A few riders have tried attacking already but had their efforts quickly shut down.

55km to go: The riders are on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées and have crossed the finish line for the first time. They will have eight laps before we have a final stage winner. Let the racing proper begin…

57km to go: Make sure to wave David! The riders are putting on a show with what looks like a beautifully synchronised dance through the Louvre museum.

Riders passing the Louvre museum during the final stage of the Tour de France 2023.

60km to go: The peloton are passing by the Jardin du Luxembourg currently and it’s about 5km until they hit the Champs Élysées. The pace has upped slightly towards 31kmph.

63km to go: Hello to David, who has emailed in from nearby to the Louvre. He’s asking what time the peloton will be heading past. I’m not 100% sure but would guess very soon as they’re gathering pace.

66km to go: So far, the peloton have ridden past the Palace of Versailles and crested the only categorised climb today, at the pavé des Gardes. Aptly, Ciccone is the first to get over it in all his polka-dots, after his teammates, Mads Pedersen and Mattias Skjelmose jokingly lead him out. The riders are just coming in to Paris now and the Eiffel Tower is within sight.

⛰ Côte du Pavé des Gardes (cat. 4️⃣) ⛰ 1️⃣ 🇮🇹 @giuliocicco1 , 1pt ⚪️🔴 Tout de pois vêtu, 🇮🇹 Giulio Ciccone prend symboliquement le dernier point disponible au sommet de la dernière difficulté répertoriée de ce  #TDF2023 pic.twitter.com/rSvVjhuqi0 — Maillot à Pois E.Leclerc (@maillotapois) July 23, 2023

73km to go: In answer to Justin’s question about who got closest to finishing the Tour without finishing, there have been a few emails. One mentions the German rider Tony Martin, who abandoned on the Champs Élysées during the 2016 Tour de France due to unexplained knee pain. To give some context to that, Martin told Cycling Weekly that he wanted to go home, find out what was going on with his knee and prepare for the Olympic time trial in Rio.

A couple of readers (hi Simon, hi David) have emailed in to mention Djamolidine Abdoujaparov. A quick search has brought up his name in this Guardian piece about the most memorable finishes on the Champs-Élysées:

“In 1991, elbows-out sprinter Djamolodine Abdoujaparov wore green into the final stage (despite controversy after he had forced Johan Musseeuw into the barriers on an earlier stage ) but crashed on the final sprint – yet clung on to the jersey when the team got him over the line. But that finish pales into insignificance next to the 1989 finish, when Greg LeMond overcame his deficit to Laurent Fignon to time trial his way to victory in 1989 .”

85km to go: There are a number of riders sealing their final Tour appearance today, including Thibaut Pinot (Groupama–FDJ) and Peter Sagan (TotalEnergies).

Peter Sagan chatting to Jordi Meeus (Bora–Hansgrohe) as they roll through the stage 21 of the Tour de France.

92km to go: An email from Justin in Spain has come in and it is asking a question that I have also pondered (but don’t know the answer to).

He asks: “Perhaps a tasteless question but yesterday I found myself wondering who has got closest to finishing Le Tour without actually getting there. Do you or any readers know who holds that unhappy distinction? (I do not include riders who have gone down in tbe (sic) final stretch but been given finishing times nonetheless.)“ If anyone knows, then please share…

93km to go: The average pace has dropped to under 26kmph. That’s the kind of pace club riders can do and I could possibly…at a push. Adam Blythe has been given a glass of Champagne by one of the team in the Jumbo-Visma car. I’m quite jealous…

96km to go: Pogacar and Vingegaard really do deliver when it comes to interesting Tour de France stats, but here is one I’ve selected from the official Tour website that might be good for a pub quiz…

“For the third consecutive year, the first two on the final podium are the same (Pogacar-Vingegaard in 2021, the other way around in 2022 and 2023): it had never happened previously.”

100km to go: As mentioned previously, I am enjoying the slower pace and light-hearted jokes from the peloton today. I’m fresh from covering the first stage of the Tour de France Femmes , so that is why.

Before anything too serious happens on this stage, I’d like to share a personal highlight from this year’s Tour: Pogacar and his pronunciation of French pastries.

🥐 Tadej Pogacar with the perfect pronunciation of "croissant" 😂 @TamauPogi | @TeamEmiratesUAE | #TDF2023 pic.twitter.com/zfplNBjPTR — Eurosport (@eurosport) July 8, 2023

103km to go: Some of the riders are casually chatting, while others are putting their arms on each others shoulders for a nice team pic. On Eurosport, Vingegaard has been speaking about his win and the news that he’ll be racing next at the La Vuelta a España:

“It’s super nice to win it for the second time…I’m more confident and more relaxed in this situation now and I think that’s the biggest difference for me. I really enjoyed the rivalry with Tadej [Pogacar]. It’s been an amazing fight from Bilbao to here today. It’s good for cycling, it’s good for us…but I’m glad I won.” Jumbo-Visma confirmed today that the Dane will be racing at La Vuelta and Vingegaard says it has been the plan all along but they were waiting to release the news.

109km to go: If ever there was any doubt that Giulio Ciccone was reveling in wearing the polka-dot jersey, then take a look at the man today. He’s even got a polka-dot bike…

Giulio Ciccone of Lidl-Trek at the Velodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines before the start of the final stage of the Tour de France 2023.

112km to go: As is the tradition, the peloton are starting at a slow pace to soak up and enjoy atmosphere. They are celebrating their achievements over the last three weeks and having a nice time. Unfortunately, Victor Lafay (Cofidisis) not among them as he has not started today. I’m sure he’ll be happy though with that win on stage two – a big moment for Cofidisis.

The racing on stage 21 has begun...with a touch of fun to start

113km to go: Victor Campenaerts (Lotto-Dstny) had a cheeky attack off the front but he soon slows up and winks at the camera. He was just having a bit off fun as the super combative rider of the Tour. I’m looking forward to some more light-hearted fun during this stage. Bring it on.

Who’s wearing what jersey?

Yellow: Jonas Vingegaard (Jumbo-Visma) 79hr 16min 38sec

Green: Jasper Philipsen (Alpecin-Deceuninck) 377pts

Polka-dot: Giulio Ciccone (Lidl-Trek) 105pts

White: Tadej Pogacar (UAE Emirates)

Left to right: Jasper Philipsen (green), Tadej Pogacar (white), Jonas Vingegaard (yellow), Thibaut Pinot (most combative rider on stage 20) and Giulio Ciccone (polka-dot).

The top five on General Classification

Jonas Vingegaard (Jumbo-Visma) 79hr 16min 38sec

Tadej Pogacar (UAE Emirates) +7min 29sec

Adam Yates (UAE Emirates) +10min 56sec

Simon Yates (Jayco-Ulula) +12min 23sec

Carlos Rodriguez (Ineos Grenadiers) +13min 17sec

Pello Bilbao, Jai Hindley, Felix Gall, David Gaudu and Guillaume Martin make up the top 10.

Jonas Vingegaard to win Tour de France again as Pogacar takes stage 20

In case you missed yesterday’s stage, here is the stage 20 report to get you up to speed: Jonas Vingegaard in effect sealed back-to-back wins in the Tour de France after defending his overall lead in the final mountain stage of the three-week race. With only Sunday’s processional stage to central Paris to come, the Dane will, barring accidents, wear the final yellow jersey on the Champs-Élysées.

The stage 21 roll-out is under way

Smiling faces across the front of the peloton as the riders roll out for their final stage of the 2023 Tour de France . I can imagine they are all happy to have made it to Paris after a fast, hectic and tiring three weeks.

Saint Quentin en Yvelines-Paris Champs Élysées, 115km

William Fotheringham on stage 21: A hint of the Paris 2024 Games with a start at the national velodrome before the run-in to the finish on the Champs Élysées, where the sprinters can strut their stuff. This is the last time we will see the Tour here for a couple of years, as next year’s Olympics mean the finish moves to Nice and a final time trial, the first time the Tour has finished outside the capital since 1905.

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Oregonian selected to ride full Tour de France 2024 course for leukemia charity

PORTLAND Ore. (KPTV) - A Portland man is getting ready to take on a challenge of a lifetime– cycling thousands of miles all for a great cause.

Keith Knowles has been selected to ride this year’s Tour de France course before those competing in the actual race. Knowles said it’s all in an effort to raise critical funds to help accelerate leukemia clinical trials and research.

“If you look at all the vertical climbing in the three-week tour, we’re going to be climbing Mount Everest six times,” Knowles said.

Knowles is preparing for the challenge by riding 300 to 350 miles a week.

“The actual event where it will be 700 miles per week,” he said.

This summer, Knowles will be riding the full Tour de France route just a week before the professional racers do. As he races to that iconic finish line, he will be helping in the race to develop better treatment for blood cancer patients for the race’s charity partner, “Cure Leukemia.”

“The goal is a million pounds. It’s a British-based charity and the trials are run out of the U.K., but then the results are shared globally, especially in the United States,” Knowles said.

His passion for cycling started right here in Oregon.

“I grew up in Newberg,” Knowles said. “When I got my first 10-speed bicycle in middle school, I’d ride up Chehalem Mountain just so I could ride down really fast.”

Knowles said this undertaking thousands of miles away is for a cause that hits too close to home. Knowles said he is riding in memory of two friends he has lost to the disease.

“When I was in grade school, a good friend of mine died from Leukemia,” Knowles said. “And Chet Runyon, we lost a couple of summers ago. He was diagnosed with Leukemia. He was one of my dad’s best friends.”

The Tour 21 team is made up of 15 people selected from different corners of the world united for a greater purpose.

“Everybody has the same mission and goal to help find a better cure, especially for children because it really impacts kids,” Knowles said.

There is an in-person fundraiser on April 27th in Newberg at a barn Knowles actually built with his friend Runyon, who lost his battle with leukemia. The event will be held on Saturday, April 27th at 2 p.m. at 16200 NE Lewis Rogers Ln., Newberg, OR 97132 at the Big Red Barn.

If you’d like to support this cause in any way or follow along with Keith’s journey, visit this link .

Copyright 2024 KPTV-KPDX. All rights reserved.

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How long is the Tour de France?

The 2023 Tour de France will cover 3,405 kilometres. We take a look at the historic distances of the Tour de France

The peloton rides through the sunflowers on stage 19 of the 2022 Tour de France

The Tour de France has long been considered the crowning glory of the cycling calendar. Taking place over three weeks in July, the race features 21 stages, varying in length and style from day to day.

Typically with two rest days, the Tour de France usually lasts a total of 23 days, typically taking in around 3,500km in distance. 

In the 2023 race takes place from 1st July to 23rd July and clocks in at 3,405 kilometres starting from Bilbao, Spain with two punchy stages in the Basque Country that will most likely not end in a bunch sprint.

After eight flat stages, four hilly stages and eight days in the high mountains including four summit finales and a single time trial, the race will finish as is traditional, in Paris on the Champs-Élysées.

Three Grand Tours

The Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España make up the 'Grand Slam' of professional road racing. In terms of prestige and history, the Tour de France is top of the pile when it comes to Grand Tours, and as a result, it’s the most renowned. Is that reflected in the distance it covers, though?

Not this year. The Giro d’Italia takes the prize for the longest Grand Tour of 2023, at 3,448 kilometres, with La Vuelta a España the shortest at 3,153.8 kilometres. 

How hard is the Tour de France? Tour de France 2023: Everything you need to know Tour de France 2023 – Analysing the contenders

In recent years, though, the Giro and the Tour have been uncannily similar, in terms of their overall distances. The average overall distance from 2000-2020 was 3,490 kilometres over the three weeks for the Giro d’Italia and 3,491 kilometres for the Tour de France. 

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La Vuelta remains consistently the shortest in overall distance for a Grand Tour, with its average distance over the same period a mere 3,195 kilometres, just under 300km shorter than either of its counterparts.

Longest Race in History

Historically speaking, you might assume that the Tour de France has become harder over the years, to compensate for the peloton’s access to rapidly-improving resources including diet and nutrition, performance apparel, and of course the equipment. 

This isn’t strictly the case. Overall, distances have come down over the years  although the number of stages has increased. 

The first three editions of the Tour were relatively short, all at under 3000km. In fact, the shortest ever editions of the Tour de France were the first two, in 1903 and 1904, both the same length at 2,428 km. It’s worth noting though, that this distance was divided into just six stages. 

Henri Desgrange, founder of the Tour de France, in 1903. (Photo by - / AFP via Getty Images)

From then on, overall distance increased dramatically. Between 1911 and 1929, riders covered over 5000km each year. The longest edition of the Tour de France took place in 1926 and clocked in at an eye-watering 5,745 km (almost the distance from Paris to New York).

This remained the case for some time, total kilometres regularly exceeding 4000km all the way through to the 1980s.

The Giro and the Vuelta tell similar stories of extremes. The longest Giro d’Italia was  the 1954 edition at 4,337km, and the longest Vuelta was 4,407km. Ultimately, though, neither come close to the Tour de France’s mammoth distances of old.

This also applies to the length of individual stages. While the longest stage of this year’s Tour will be a 220km slog from Binche to Longwy, it pales in comparison to what riders of the past had to contend with. 

The longest-ever stage of the Tour was the fifth stage of the 1919 edition; it was a whopping 482 kilometres long, over twice the distance that the riders will cover in this year’s longest stage. Once again, the Tour de France proves itself the ultimate Grand Tour, as the longest stages the Giro and the Vuelta can boast are 430km and 310km ,respectively.

Jonas Vingegaard during the 2022 Tour de France

How far is the 2023 Tour de France route?

These days, what the Tour lacks in overall distance compared with years gone by, it more than makes up for in varied days and challenging terrain. After the shortest edition of the Tour de France in 20 years last year, this year's route covers 3,405 kilometres.

However, the challenges that face the nearly 200 riders expected to compete across the span of a 23-day Grand Tour do not begin and end with sheer distance. There is the small matter of elevation gain – a very different proposition measured in metres – which will test the riders’ legs as they claw their way up France's most iconic climbs.

The race typically ascends a total 48,000 metres, the equivalent of climbing Mount Everest five and a half times.

Tour de France distances covered from 2013 to 2022 

  • Tour de France 2023: 3,405 kilometres (2116 miles)
  • Tour de France 2022: 3,328 kilometres (2,068 miles)
  • Tour de France 2021: 3,414 kilometres (2,122 miles)
  • Tour de France 2020: 3,484 kilometres (2,165 mile)s
  • Tour de France 2019: 3,366 kilometres (2,091 miles)
  • Tour de France 2018: 3,351 kilometres (2,082 miles)
  • Tour de France 2017: 3,540 kilometres (2,200 miles)
  • Tour de France 2016: 3,529 kilometres (2,193 miles)
  • Tour de France 2015: 3,360 kilometres (2,088 miles)
  • Tour de France 2014: 3,661 kilometres (2,275 miles)
  • Tour de France 2013: 3,404 kilometres (2,115 miles)
  • Tour de France 2012: 3,497 kilometres (2,173 miles)

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Katy is a freelance writer and journalist. She has published interviews, features, and previews in Cycling News, Rouleur, Cyclist Magazine and the British Continental. She also writes opinion pieces on her own website writebikerepeat.com and is a frequent contributor to the Quicklink podcast. 

She is obsessed with the narrative element of bike racing, from the bigger picture to the individual stories. She is a cyclocross nut who is 5% Belgian and wonders if this entitles her to citizenship. Her favourite races are Ronde van Vlaanderen and La Vuelta.

In her spare time Katy is a published short fiction and non-fiction author.

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Remco Evenepoel au Tour de France 2024: tout savoir sur les ambitions du champion et sur l’équipe qui l’entourera

Remco Evenepoel va (enfin) découvrir le Tour de France en 2024. Avec des objectifs ambitieux.

Nicolas Christiaens

  • Publié le 11-04-2024 à 11h11

Remco Evenepoel aura à coeur de s'illustrer au Tour de France cette année.

Passé professionnel en 2019, Remco Evenepoel a rapidement confirmé son énorme potentiel. Mais sa grave blessure encourue au Tour de Lombardie 2020 a retardé d’une année son éclosion sur les plus grandes courses par étapes. Encore loin de son meilleur niveau au Giro 2021, il a remporté la Vuelta 2022 pour sa première réelle tentative en grand tour.

Ecarté du Giro 2023 à cause du Covid alors qu’il en était le leader et victime d’un “jour sans” sur la Vuelta 2023, le coureur brabançon va enfin faire le grand saut vers le Tour de France en 2024.

Où en est Remco Evenepoel en vue du Tour de France ?

Après avoir débuté la saison au Portugal, avec la Figueira Champions Classic et le Tour d’Algarve, qu’il a remportés, Remco Evenepoel a découvert Paris-Nice , au début du mois de mars. L’occasion pour lui de se familiariser avec les routes françaises et l’organisation d’ASO, en vue du Tour de France. Sa deuxième place finale et sa belle victoire d’étape à Nice sont de bon augure en vue du Tour de France .

Mais le champion du monde du contre-la-montre a connu un sérieux contre-temps sur les routes du Tour du Pays basque, début avril. Impliqué dans l'énorme chute collective de la quatrième étape , Evenepoel s'est fracturé la clavicule et l'omoplate . Des blessures qui le privent des classiques ardennaises, où il devait disputer l’Amstel Gold Race, la Flèche wallonne et Liège-Bastogne-Liège.

Quelle est la prochaine course de Remco Evenepoel ?

Après sa rééducation, Evenepoel vivra uniquement pour le Tour de France. Il partira en stage en altitude pendant plusieurs semaines avant de faire sa reprise au Critérium du Dauphiné, qui sert toujours de répétition générale avant la Grande Boucle. Le Brabançon pourra y faire ses derniers réglages face à une concurrence relevée puisque Primoz Roglic sera notamment présent... alors que la suite de la saison de Jonas Vingegaard est toujours incertaine à l'heure d'écrire ces lignes. Le Danois, double vainqueur du Tour de France, s'en est moins bien tiré que Remco Evenepoel dans la grosse chute du Pays basque .

Quelle équipe pour accompagner Remco Evenepoel au Tour de France ?

Recrue phare du mercato de la Soudal Quick-Step, Mikel Landa sera le principal lieutenant de Remco Evenepoel au Tour de France. Impressionnant sur le dernier Tour de Catalogne, dont il a pris la deuxième place finale derrière Tadej Pogacar, avant de chuter lui aussi au Tour du Pays basque, le coureur espagnol sera un renfort de poids pour le train d’Evenepoel en montagne. D’autant plus avec l’expérience d’un Tour 2017 dont il avait pris la 4e place finale en menant son leader Chris Froome à la victoire finale.

Ilan Van Wilder et Louis Vervaeke devraient être deux autres éléments importants de la garde rapprochée du champion du monde du contre-la-montre au Tour de France. Les deux hommes devraient découvrir la Grande Boucle cet été.

Mattia Cattaneo semble être un autre élément incontournable de la garde rapprochée de Remco Evenepoel en juillet prochain. L’Italien aux épaules de déménageur sait tout faire : rouler fort, grimper, positionner son leader… le tout avec une solide expérience des grands tours.

Trois places restent à prendre. Remco Evenepoel aimerait compter sur Julian Alaphilippe mais le patron de l’équipe, Patrick Lefevere, ne semble pas du même avis. La présence d’un pur rouleur comme Kasper Asgreen ou Yves Lampaert pourrait être envisagée mais les deux hommes ont déçu durant la période des classiques. Josef Cerny, qui offre un profil similaire, entre également en ligne de compte. Reste les grimpeurs Jan Hirt, Fausto Masnada et Mauri Vansevenant, ainsi que le fidèle Pieter Serry et pourquoi pas la surprise Gianni Moscon, autre recrue expérimentée arrivée cet hiver.

Patrick Lefevere a déjà dit qu’il attendrait les semaines qui précèdent la Grande Boucle pour poser un choix définitif, au contraire des autres grandes équipes du Tour comme la Visma, Bora ou UAE qui ont figé leur sélection dès cet hiver.

Quels objectifs pour Remco Evenepoel au Tour de France ?

Après avoir abandonné le Giro 2023 à cause du Covid, la question d’une participation au Tour de France l’été dernier s’était posée. Mais Remco Evenepoel et Patrick Lefevere avaient écarté cette éventualité. Le patron de l’équipe avait prévenu : “Il ne pourra pas être prêt pour y viser la victoire finale et on sait que lorsque Remco épingle un dossard, c’est toujours avec de hautes ambitions.”

On devine donc que le Belge ne se présentera pas cette année au départ de Florence pour faire de la figuration et se contenter de prendre de l’expérience. Si Jonas Vingegaard connaît une préparation perturbée suite à sa grave chute, et au vu de l'énorme défi dans lequel s'est lancé Tadej Pogacar (doubler le Giro et le Tour de France), le coureur de Schepdaal peut avoir des ambitions de maillot jaune. Qu’à cela ne tienne, un podium final à Nice serait déjà une superbe performance.

Si Evenepoel devait subir un jour “sans” comme celui qu’il a vécu dans les Pyrénées durant la dernière Vuelta, se rabattre sur la chasse aux victoires d’étapes et au maillot à pois serait aussi une option. Avec l’idée de préparer au mieux les Jeux olympiques qui se dérouleront dans les jours qui suivent l’arrivée du Tour de France.

En fin de saison, Remco Evenepoel devrait se concentrer sur les championnats du monde de Zurich (la course en ligne se déroulera le 29 septembre) avant de décider, selon sa fraîcheur, s'il prend part au Tour de Lombardie le 12 octobre.

>> Tous les classements et résultats du Tour de France 2024 <<

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Esso France compte vendre la raffinerie de Fos-sur-Mer et deux dépôts

France Fuel Shortages

Esso France compte se délester. La filiale d’ExxonMobil entend vendre trois sites à la société Rhône Energies, consortium composé d’Entara et de Trafigura, rapporte La Tribune . Sont concernés la raffinerie de Fos-sur-Mer (Bouches-du-Rhône) et les dépôts de Toulouse (Haute-Garonne) et de Villette-de-Vienne (Isère).

Ce jeudi 11 avril, dans un communiqué, le groupe a indiqué « avoir débuté ce jour un processus d’information et de consultation des instances représentatives du personnel pour la vente de ses activités de raffinage et de logistique dans le Sud de la France ». Dans les faits, les 310 salariés travaillant sur ces sites seraient « transférés dans la nouvelle entité Rhône Energies conformément à la réglementation en vigueur », précise Esso France.

Gravenchon. Pour sa part, Rhône Energies précise qu’elle « compte maintenir les effectifs actuels » et qu’elle vise aussi « à conserver un programme compétitif de rémunérations et d’avantages sociaux pour les collaborateurs du site, ainsi que la mise en œuvre d’opportunités de formation continue et de développement des compétences ».

Le groupe entend également « projeter d’investir dans la durabilité du site afin de réduire son empreinte carbone » et « investir dans des projets innovants permettant le co-traitement de matières premières biogéniques pour produire des carburants renouvelables ». La finalisation de la transition est estimée « d’ici la fin de l’année » 2024.

Cette annonce de rachat survient alors que le groupe pétrolier américain ExxonMobil a annoncé un plan de réduction de ses activités sur le site de sa raffinerie de Gravenchon (Normandie), note France Bleu . Des unités de pétrochimie pas « économiquement viables » doivent être arrêtées, ce qui doit entraîner « la suppression de 677 emplois » en 2025 (647 sur 850 à la plateforme de Gravenchon et 30 au siège parisien d’ExxonMobil).

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How Tesla Planted the Seeds for Its Own Potential Downfall

Elon musk’s factory in china saved his company and made him ultrarich. now, it may backfire..

Hosted by Katrin Bennhold

Featuring Mara Hvistendahl

Produced by Rikki Novetsky and Mooj Zadie

With Rachelle Bonja

Edited by Lisa Chow and Alexandra Leigh Young

Original music by Marion Lozano ,  Diane Wong ,  Elisheba Ittoop and Sophia Lanman

Engineered by Chris Wood

Listen and follow The Daily Apple Podcasts | Spotify | Amazon Music

When Elon Musk set up Tesla’s factory in China, he made a bet that brought him cheap parts and capable workers — a bet that made him ultrarich and saved his company.

Mara Hvistendahl, an investigative reporter for The Times, explains why, now, that lifeline may have given China the tools to beat Tesla at its own game.

On today’s episode

course of the tour de france

Mara Hvistendahl , an investigative reporter for The New York Times.

A car is illuminated in purple light on a stage. To the side, Elon Musk is standing behind a lectern.

Background reading

A pivot to China saved Elon Musk. It also bound him to Beijing .

Mr. Musk helped create the Chinese electric vehicle industry. But he is now facing challenges there as well as scrutiny in the West over his reliance on China.

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Our theme music is by Jim Brunberg and Ben Landsverk of Wonderly. Special thanks to Sam Dolnick, Paula Szuchman, Lisa Tobin, Larissa Anderson, Julia Simon, Sofia Milan, Mahima Chablani, Elizabeth Davis-Moorer, Jeffrey Miranda, Renan Borelli, Maddy Masiello, Isabella Anderson and Nina Lassam.

Katrin Bennhold is the Berlin bureau chief. A former Nieman fellow at Harvard University, she previously reported from London and Paris, covering a range of topics from the rise of populism to gender. More about Katrin Bennhold

Mara Hvistendahl is an investigative reporter for The Times focused on Asia. More about Mara Hvistendahl

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  3. Etapas del Tour de Francia de 2021

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  6. Tour de France 2017- The Finish in Paris

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COMMENTS

  1. Official route of Tour de France 2024

    The number of riders who will line up at the start of the Tour, divided into 22 teams of 8 riders each. 2802 m. The height of the summit of the Bonette pass in the Alps, the highest tarmac road in France, which will be the "roof" of the 2024 Tour. 52 230 m. The total vertical gain during the 2024 Tour de France. PRIZE MONEY

  2. Tour de France

    The Tour de France (French pronunciation: [tuʁ də fʁɑ̃s]; English: Tour of France) is an annual men's multiple-stage bicycle race held primarily in France. It is the oldest of the three Grand Tours (the Tour, the Giro d'Italia, and the Vuelta a España) and is generally considered the most prestigious.. The race was first organized in 1903 to increase sales for the newspaper L'Auto and ...

  3. 2023 Tour de France route

    The 2023 Tour de France got underway on July 1st in Bilbao, Spain with another demanding route that includes only a single 22km hilly time trial in the Alps and mountain stages in all five of ...

  4. Tour de France 2022 route

    The 2022 Tour de France starts on July 1 in Copenhagen, Denmark and ends in Paris on Sunday July 24 after 3328km of racing. ... The 13.2km city-centre course includes 18 corners and visits the ...

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    The Tour de France reaches its literal - and possibly figurative - high point. The 2,408m Port d'Envalira is the penultimate climb of the day, with a downhill finish in Andorra.

  6. Tour de France 2023 route presentation

    Hello and welcome to our live coverage of the route presentation of the 2023 Tour de France and Tour de France Femmes. 2022-10-27T09:03:49.732Z. We're just under half an hour away from the start ...

  7. Tour de France

    The Tour de France 2023 will hold its Grand Départ in the Basque Country, with a first stage in Bilbao on 1st July, and will finish in Paris on 23rd July, on completion of a 3,404-km route that ...

  8. 2023 Tour de France route: stage profiles, previews, start, finish

    TOUR DE FRANCE: Broadcast Schedule. Stage 2/July 2: Vitoria-Gasteiz-San Sebastián (130 miles) Hilly Neutralized Start: 6:15 a.m. Estimated Finish: 11:04 a.m. Quick Preview: Five more climbs with the toughest coming near the end of the longest stage of the Tour. If no breakaways are successful, the sprinters will be rewarded with a flat finish.

  9. Jonas Vingegaard seals 2022 Tour de France triumph in Paris

    Of course now I want to celebrate, relax, but then I also want more [Tour de France victories], yes." ... Le Gac and Duchesne, the Groupama-FDJ teammates, take it up at the tête de la course.

  10. Tour de France: Making Sense of Cycling's Biggest Race

    This year, the tour begins in Copenhagen on July 1 and includes stages in Belgium, Switzerland and, of course, France. By the race's end, riders will have covered approximately 2,068 miles. Each ...

  11. Tour de France guide: Everything to know about the 2023 bike race

    This year, riders will climb the 6,939-foot Col du Tourmalet in the Pyrenees. Time trial (1 stage): Individual riders race against the clock. The 2023 time trial is 13.7 miles. The other stages ...

  12. 2024 Tour de France

    The 2024 Tour de France will be the 111th edition of the Tour de France. It will start in Florence, Italy on 29 June, and will finish in Nice, ... Course Distance Type Winner 1: 29 June Florence to Rimini (Italy) 206 km (128 mi) Hilly stage 2: 30 June Cesenatico to Bologna (Italy) 200 km (120 mi) Hilly stage 3:

  13. Tour de France

    Tour de France, the world's most prestigious and most difficult bicycle race.Of the three foremost races (the others being the Giro d'Italia and the Vuelta a España), the Tour de France attracts the world's best riders. Staged for three weeks each July—usually in some 20 daylong stages—the Tour typically comprises 20 professional teams of 9 riders each and covers some 3,600 km ...

  14. The Birth of the Tour de France

    And unlike modern-day riders, the cyclists in the 1903 Tour de France, forced to cover enormous swathes of land, spent much of the race riding through the night with moonlight the only guide and ...

  15. Grand Départ Florence Émilie-Romagne 2024

    The 111th edition of the Tour de France will start from Florence on Saturday, 29 June 2024 in a historic first for the Grande Boucle. Discover the 2024 routes in Italian. Website Grand Départ Florence Émilie-Romagne. Grand Départ en Italie - #TDF2024. Editorials.

  16. How Long Is the Tour de France?

    The Tour de France is cycling's most well-known stage race, taking place over the course of three weeks. This year's race starts on Saturday, July 1, 2023 through Sunday, Jul 23, 2023.

  17. Tour de France: Vingegaard the champion again as Meeus sprints to stage

    Giulio Ciccone of Lidl-Trek at the Velodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines before the start of the final stage of the Tour de France 2023. Photograph: Christophe Petit-Tesson/EPA Share 23 ...

  18. Oregonian selected to ride full Tour de France 2024 course for ...

    Keith Knowles has been selected to ride this year's Tour de France course before those competing in the actual race. Knowles said it's all in an effort to raise critical funds to help ...

  19. Cyclisme. Parcours, favoris, diffusion TV… Tout savoir ...

    Pour la 70e édition, le Région Pays de la Loire Tour s'élance de Vendée, ce mardi 2 avril, pour se finir dans la Sarthe, en passant par la Loire-Atlantique, le Maine-et-Loire et la Mayenne.

  20. How long is the Tour de France?

    Typically with two rest days, the Tour de France usually lasts a total of 23 days, typically taking in around 3,500km in distance. In the 2023 race takes place from 1st July to 23rd July and ...

  21. Tour de Houston: Where will the course take cyclists?

    A cyclist takes a photo at the start line of the Tour de Houston at Discovery Green on Sunday, April 7, 2024, in Houston. Tour de Houston presented by Apache Corporation is a fundraising bike ride ...

  22. Remco Evenepoel au Tour de France 2024: tout savoir sur les ambitions

    Avec l'idée de préparer au mieux les Jeux olympiques qui se dérouleront dans les jours qui suivent l'arrivée du Tour de France. En fin de saison, Remco Evenepoel devrait se concentrer sur les championnats du monde de Zurich (la course en ligne se déroulera le 29 septembre) avant de décider, selon sa fraîcheur, s'il prend part au Tour ...

  23. Classic Grand Besançon et Tour du Jura 12 et 13 avril 2024 guide technique

    08/04/2024. Guide technique de la Classic Grand Besançon et du Tour Du Jura 2024, courses cyclistes Hommes Elites et moins de 23 ans organisées par le club Jura Cyclisme Pays du Revermont les 12 avril et 13 avril 2024. Ces épreuves inscrites au calendrier UCI Europe Tour, font du triptyque franc-comtois avec Le Tour du Doubs du 14 avril.

  24. Esso France compte vendre la raffinerie de Fos-sur-Mer et deux dépôts

    La raffinerie d'Esso France, à Fos-sur-Mer, en 2022. - Daniel Cole/AP/SIPA Esso France compte se délester. La filiale d'ExxonMobil entend vendre trois sites à la société Rhône Energies ...

  25. How Tesla Planted the Seeds for Its Own Potential Downfall

    29. Hosted by Katrin Bennhold. Featuring Mara Hvistendahl. Produced by Rikki Novetsky and Mooj Zadie. With Rachelle Bonja. Edited by Lisa Chow and Alexandra Leigh Young. Original music by Marion ...