star trek zine

A History of Zines

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River H. Kero

River Kero (he/him) is a queer Canadian artist who has just graduated with a BFA and lives in Vancouver, BC. His practice consists mostly of graphic novel work, scriptwriting, prose, and illustration. He lives with his younger brother, their dog Pogo, and his cat Matilda. [email protected]

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If you’ve ever been into an indie bookstore or cruised around at a comic convention, you’ve likely seen or flipped through a zine. Zines (pronounced ZEEN) have been around since the early 20th century, and have been an enormous part of underground and non-commercial publication . Zines are characteristically cheap to make, often photocopied, and have a distinctly “DIY” look. Often, they represent the voices of people on the fringes, and their content is hyper local.

As far as content goes, zines can feature poetry, art, collage, interviews, comics, and more. Your local small press can roll out zines covering topics from anarchistic gatherings in your area, to comics about police brutality, to tutorials on how to build your own garden boxes. You can even find artistic zines online today, featuring art and artists from all around the world. 

Zines have travelled a long way before arriving on your bookshelf or computer screen…so let’s take a little look at where they’ve been!

A selection of UK fanzines from the punk and immediate post-punk era

The 1930s and ’40s

The very first zine dates back to May of 1930 in the USA . A little publication called The Comet was first created by the Science Correspondence Club. The letter section of the zine was a prominent feature, where fans discussed science as well as science fiction.

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At this time, photocopiers had not yet been invented. Enter the mimeograph, also known as a stencil duplicator. This machine was invented in the 1800s and remained in use until the 1960s and ’70s when it was slowly replaced by the photocopier. It was not ideal for large editions, but it was perfect for the pulp fan magazines of the 1940s–60s.

The 1940s saw a boom in the science fiction fanzine culture. In October of 1940, Russ Chauvenet coined the term fanzine in his sci-fi publication Detours . A number of authors of the day created zines, including Ray Bradbury, Jack Williamson, and Robert A. Heinlein.

Additionally, the 1940s saw the first ever queer fanzine. A woman named Edythe Eyde (also known as Lisa Ben, an anagram of “lesbian”) typed out the first copy of Vice Versa in June of 1947, creating a total of nine issues before ending it the following year. The publication was free, and Lisa Ben mailed them to friends as well as hand delivering them.

In 1949, the Xerox Corporation introduced the first xerographic copier, and “xeroxing” was officially born.

The 1950s and ’60s: Folk Zines, Comics, and Star Trek

Several popular zines centring folk music culture emerged during the 1950s. Lee Hoffman was a prominent figure who published several science fiction zines as well as folk zines such as Bad Day at Lime Rock , Caravan , and Quandry .

Artists such as Robert Crumb, Art Spiegelman, and Jay Lynch began to find their voices through fanzines , inspired by magazines such as Mad and Cracked. These artists went on to found the underground comics movement that changed the face of the comics industry.

While folk zines were still around in the 1960s, rock and roll zines also took the stage. Paul Williams’s zine Crawdaddy! was the most popular of these, but it soon became popular enough to turn legit and become a full-on magazine.

Spockanalia was the first Star Trek zine in 1967, and it was wildly popular. The second issue featured letters from the cast, including Leonard Nimoy.

In 1968, Star Trek was to be cancelled after two seasons, but through fan lobbying (part of which was organized through fan zines), the fans were able to get the show back on the air for another year.

The 1970s and ’80s: Punk Zines and the DIY Movement

Copy shops were now widely available in the 1970s, changing zine production forever. Now, zinesters were able to make many copies quickly and cheaply, and the look of zines changed along with it.

The punk scene became the main hub of zine culture during the ’70s. Zines took on a grungy, do-it-yourself style. Some of the most popular of these were Sniffin’ Glue, 48 Thrills , and Bondage. Most works came out of New York, L.A., and London. Punk zines continued well into the 1980s.

The 1990s and 2000s: Riot Grrrl and Queercore

Riot Grrrl, an underground feminist punk movement, came about in the 1990s. With this movement came a huge sweep of political zines that spread the feminist manifesto.

Queercore (AKA homocore) is another offshoot of anarcho-punk subculture, this one aimed at critiquing homophobia within the genre and society as a whole. QZAP (Queer Zine Archive Project) was first launched in 2003 in an effort to preserve as many queer zines as possible.

2010s and Beyond: What’s Next?

Zines are still all the rage, both in digital and DIY physical forms. There are now zine fests, libraries collect zines and bookstores sell them. The POC Zine Project was created in 2015 to archive zines written by people of colour.

The zine is as popular today as it ever has been. It remains an important part of subcultural movements and underground press for marginalized voices. Anybody can make a zine… that’s the best part!

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Help us find the missing TOS Trek Zines of the 1960s!

Discussion in ' Star Trek - The Original & Animated Series ' started by Neopeius , Feb 1, 2019 .


Neopeius Admiral Admiral

As you probably know, Star Trek spawned a huge fanzine industry within just a few months of its first airing. Some friends of mine are putting together a scanned archive of as many as they can find (and they've found A LOT) for research and enjoyment purposes. This also lets them put up summary pages like this one . Because of the work I do at the Journey, I'm particularly interested in the 'zines from the 60s (at least for the next six years -- then I'll be interested in ones from the 70s!) To that end, I've compiled a list of 60s zines we're still missing: Here it is . We would be very grateful if you would give the list a gander and see if maybe you can't locate these gems in your stash, or perhaps you know a friend who might have them. Our goal is to preserve a complete record of Trek history! Can you help?  


Kor Fleet Admiral Admiral

There may be gray areas in terms of copyright when it comes to making these available online. There was a similar discussion in the TrekLit forum recently. Kor  
Kor said: ↑ There may be gray areas in terms of copyright when it comes to making these available online. There was a similar discussion in the TrekLit forum recently. Kor Click to expand...


Commishsleer Commodore Commodore

Neopeius said: ↑ As you probably know, Star Trek spawned a huge fanzine industry within just a few months of its first airing. Some friends of mine are putting together a scanned archive of as many as they can find (and they've found A LOT) for research and enjoyment purposes. This also lets them put up summary pages like this one . Because of the work I do at the Journey, I'm particularly interested in the 'zines from the 60s (at least for the next six years -- then I'll be interested in ones from the 70s!) To that end, I've compiled a list of 60s zines we're still missing: Here it is . We would be very grateful if you would give the list a gander and see if maybe you can't locate these gems in your stash, or perhaps you know a friend who might have them. Our goal is to preserve a complete record of Trek history! Can you help? Click to expand...
Commishsleer said: ↑ Have you got everything else? How do you know? And sorry I can't help you. Maybe some 80s stuff . I'll await the call. The only suggestions I have are that there is some library in the US that does hold copies of fanzines. I'm assuming someone's looked there for 60s stuff. Are you looking for just US stuff ? Have you got the complete list of 60s fanzines and how do you know its complete? Are you including the ah more racy stuff? Click to expand...
Neopeius said: ↑ Hello. The folks who wrote the Fanlore article seem to know whereof they speak. Of course, there known unknowns and then there are unknown unknowns... Click to expand...


ZapBrannigan Rear Admiral Rear Admiral

Commishsleer said: ↑ Back in the day people had to type up each copy didn't they? Had to distribute it themselves. Through clubs etc. Click to expand...
Commishsleer said: ↑ Don't get me wrong. I'm excited by the project, It would be great to have a comprehensive list of fanzines and stories so they wouldn't be lost to history. Back in the day people had to type up each copy didn't they? Had to distribute it themselves. Through clubs etc. I can remember in the late 70s/early 80s fanzines being available in the local science fiction book shop in Australia. So probably are not on your list . But who know maybe someone's scanned them in and they're available online. Also if you publicise this project then you can get the word around to people who can help (unfortunately not me). I would if I could. Click to expand...
ZapBrannigan said: ↑ Before the photocopier became commonplace, there was crude but effective machinery that I remember from grade school: If you didn't have access to one in a school setting, I'm sure there were shops that acted like precursors to Kinkos, where you could go in and pay to have copies run off for you. So you only had to create the master copy on a typewriter. Click to expand...
There's a thread about early zines on Trek Lit  


Timewalker Cat-lovin', Star Trekkin' Time Lady Premium Member


TrickyDickie Rear Admiral Rear Admiral

I would say that ebay is a good resource....not only for purchasing. Some of the sellers are long-time collectors and may even be writers of zines from back in the day and may also still be in touch with others who were.  


MAGolding Fleet Captain Fleet Captain

I have a question. James Dixon was the proponent of what he called the "Star Trek Technical Fandom Chronology". This was originally based on Chuck Graham's "Star Trek Time Line" that Dixon says "started it all", though with many additions, revisions and corrections. Graham's time line was originally published in Menagerie V and then in The Starfleet Handbook c. 1975. Does anyone know of any other chronologies of Star Trek as old or older? I do. Star Trek: An Analysis of a Phenomenon in Science Fiction (1968) has a chronology of Star Trek . And I wonder if the people involved with the fanzine project have seen any other early Star Trek c hronologies in the fanzines.  
Bjo Trimble's original Star Trek Concordance began as a zine in March of 1969 and covered the first two seasons. The second volume was the third-season supplement, which came out in 1973. The two zines were merged together into one volume and polished for publication by Ballantine Books in 1976. A lot of folks are not aware that it began as a zine....  


publiusr Admiral Admiral

Those are nice.  


Redfern Rear Admiral Rear Admiral

TrickyDickie said: ↑ The two zines were merged together into one volume and polished for publication by Ballantine Books in 1976. Click to expand...
Redfern said: ↑ I found it odd that the episode synopses for each cartoon segment were, on average, longer and more in depth than the live action episodes. Click to expand...

Joanna McCoy-Kirk

Joanna McCoy-Kirk Commodore Commodore

I had the Ballantine Books version, and I read and re-read it until it literally fell apart.  
Timewalker said: ↑ Are you including filk books as well? Click to expand...

Methuselah Flint

Methuselah Flint Fleet Captain Fleet Captain

Not sure if this is relevant, but I have a Star Trek music book at home with sheet music transposed for piano, for various cues throughout the series. Fan made. Think its something like 'The Sounds of Star Trek' but would have to check.  
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Pop History

The Women Who Coined the Term ‘Mary Sue’

The trope they named in a ‘Star Trek’ fan zine in 1973 continues to resonate in 2019

Jackie Mansky


Soon after Paula Smith and Sharon Ferraro launched one of the earliest “Star Trek” fanzines, they started noticing a pattern to the submissions they were receiving. Each began the same way: a young woman would board the starship Enterprise . “And because she was just so sweet, and good, and beautiful and cute,” Smith recounts, “everybody would just fall all over her.”

Looking back, Smith says, it was obvious what was going on: “They were simply placeholder fantasies,” she says. “And, certainly, I can't say I didn't have placeholder fantasies of my own.” But the thing that had attracted the two friends to “Star Trek” was that the show—which had gone off the air for good in 1969, four years before they launched their zine—was intelligent. These submissions, says Smith, were not intelligent.

“There were very good stories coming out at that time,” adds Smith, who is now 67. “But there was always a huge helping of what we started calling in letters to the editors of other zines, a Mary Sue story.”

The “Mary Sue” character, introduced in 1973 by Smith in the second issue of Menagerie (named after a two-parter from the show's first season), articulated a particular trope that exists far beyond the “Star Trek” universe. Mary Sues can be found throughout the history of literature, standing on the shoulders of earlier fill-in characters, like Pollyanna, the unfailingly optimistic protagonist from Eleanor H. Porter’s children’s books from the 1910s. More recently, cousins to the term can be found in the Manic Pixie Dream Girl , as coined by Nathan Rabin in his review of the Cameron Crowe film Elizabethtown , and the Jennifer Lawrence-personified “ Cool Girl. ”

It’s no accident that all of these examples are women. Smith and Ferraro also threw around terms like Murray Sue or Marty Sue when they corresponded with editors of other zines, but male fill-in characters, it seemed, could be brave and handsome and smart without reproach. “Characters like Superman were placeholders for the writers, too,” Smith points out. “But those were boys. It was OK for [men] to have placeholder characters that were incredibly able.”

Women, on the other hand, were called out when their characters veered toward Icarus-level heights. It's not a surprise that as the term caught on, fans—often men—began weaponizing the Mary Sue trope to go after any capable woman represented on page or screen. Consider, for instance, the reaction to Arya Stark on the final season of “Game of Thrones.” Internet commentators refused to accept that of all the characters in George R.R. Martin’s universe, she emerged as the savior of Westeros. Despite having trained for that moment since the first season, when Arya killed the Night King, she was suddenly slapped with the Mary Sue label. What made the situation on "Game of Thrones" especially frustrating was that the show already had character that fit the mold of a Murray Sue, the forever meme-able Jon Snow. (Perhaps the most meta takedown of the incident came from Rachel Leishman, who asked “How in the World Is Arya Stark a Mary Sue?” in the publication the Mary Sue , a feminist website founded in 2011, which, among other reasons , intentionally took on the name Mary Sue to “re-appropriate a cliché.”)

When Smith and Ferraro founded Menagerie , the culture of the fan-made publication was a powerful force within the science fiction fan community. The fanzine had actually been born out of the sci-fi scene; the Science Correspondence Club in Chicago is credited with producing the first fanmag back in 1930, and later on, it was a sci-fi fan who coined the term “fanzine.” In the pre-internet days, these fanzines, or zines, for short, made for and by fans, became instrumental in growing fandoms and spreading ideas like the Mary Sue across the country, and even around the world. “[F]or almost forty years Fanzines were the net, the cement which kept fandom together as an entity,” longtime sci-fi fan zine writer Don Fitch reflected in 1998.

It helped, too, that Smith and Ferraro were already active members of the Trek community when they launched Menagerie in '73 . Though nearly four decades have passed since they edited their final issue , both can still vividly recall the submission that inspired Mary Sue. The piece, which came in at 80-pages, double-sided, centered around a young protagonist who was, of course, brilliant and beautiful and ultimately proved her mettle by sacrificing her own life to save the crew—a tragic moment, which was then upended when she resurrected herself . “I’d never seen that one anywhere else,” Smith says with a laugh. “So, I have to give [the writer] kudos for that.”

“Gee, golly, gosh, gloriosky," it began, written from the viewpoint of the youngest lieutenant ever in the history of the Federation, a 15-and-a-half-year-old, half-Vulcan named Mary Sue. Immediately upon coming aboard the USS Enterprise , Mary Sue catches the eye of the debonair Captain Kirk, who confesses his love to her and propositions a bedroom rendezvous. After she turns him down, scandalized— “Captain! I am not that kind of girl!”— Kirk immediately walks back the suggestion: "You're right, and I respect you for it,” he asserts, before tapping her to watch over the ship as he fetches them coffee.

Next, she encounters Mr. Spock, the Vulcan science officer, who asks why she’s sitting in the captain’s chair. Once she explains herself, Spock calls the decision “flawlessly logical.” “ A Trekkie’s Tale ,” which Smith published anonymously in Menagerie #2, concludes after Mary Sue dies her heroic death; afterward, Smith writes, the entire crew weeps “unashamedly at the loss of her beautiful youth and youthful beauty, intelligence, capability and all-around niceness.” For good measure, the Enterprise turns her birthday into a national holiday on the ship.

“I wanted to write the complete sort of Mary Sue that there was because they were all alike,” says Smith. “It was just so typical that it just had to be done.”

The Women Who Coined the Term 'Mary Sue'

While the original meaning of a Mary Sue referred to a stand-in character of any gender orientation, the reason Smith and Ferraro encountered more Mary Sues than Murray Sues when they were running Menagerie likely had more to do with who was writing in. Unlike the larger science fiction fanbase, which skewed male, both Smith and Ferraro remember that the “Star Trek” fandom they experienced was made up of mostly women. “Science fiction fandom, in general, was like 80 percent men,” Ferraro ballparks. “'Star Trek' fandom was the exact opposite; at least 75 percent women.”

Later, cultural critics began to make the argument that Mary Sues opened up a gateway for writers, particularly women and members of underrepresented communities, to see themselves in extraordinary characters. “People have said [the Mary Sue characters] actually seem to be a stage in writing for many people,” Smith says. “It's a way of exercising who they are and what they can imagine themselves doing.”

Naming the trope also allowed people to understand what they were doing when they set out to write a Mary Sue or Murray Sue character. “In terms of teaching writers a lesson, it was very useful in that people could say, well, that’s really a Mary Sue story. And then they could look at it and decide whether they wanted to change it,” says Ferraro.

While both Smith and Ferraro actively worked to popularize the term within the “Star Trek” fan community, neither expected it to catch on the way it has. “I was absolutely blown out of the water when I Googled it the first time and went, oh, my god,” says Ferraro. Smith agrees, “I am surprised that it held on so long. Many fan words get tossed around and they live for a while and then they die.”

But Mary Sue has withstood the test of time. Both articulate the surreal quality that comes with seeing a name they coined take on a life of its own. That includes the creeping sexism that's become associated with the term. "There were the people who would say anytime there was a female protagonist that’s a Mary Sue," Smith remembers. “It just developed in all sorts of ways."

But she’s found her peace with it. “You can’t control a term. Nobody does after a while,” she says. “It's like children. You raise them and you say, oh my gosh, what's happened here? And off they go, and you're pleased to get a call 40 years later from Smithsonian to talk about them.”

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Jackie Mansky | | READ MORE

Jacqueline Mansky is a freelance writer and editor living in Los Angeles. She was previously the assistant web editor, humanities, for Smithsonian magazine.

Category:Star Trek

This is a list of fanzines devoted to the television series Star Trek .

Pages in category "Star Trek"

The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total.

  • Atavachron (Canada)
  • Beyond Antares
  • The Captain's briefs
  • Constellation
  • Eel-Bird Banders' Bulletin
  • Eridani Triad
  • Impulse (Roberts/Danforth)
  • Inside Star Trek
  • Kevas and Trillium
  • The McCoy Tapes
  • Pastaklan Vesla
  • Prime Directive
  • Romulan Wine
  • The Rum Rebellion
  • Sons of Kiron III
  • Spockanalia
  • The Star Trek Songbook
  • Starbase M.T.L.
  • Tales from New Wales
  • Terran Times
  • Trekkie Talk
  • USS Ultimus
  • Media Science Fiction
  • Pop Culture

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Fan-Made Comics: Fanzines With Star Trek Comics

With help from zine expert and collector Anna Moomaw, here are fan and convention publications with Star Trek comics, cartoons and more.

star trek zine

Zine and Newsletter Archive

COPYRIGHT . While we had permission from the writers and artists to publish their fanworks in our zines with reprint rights and hard copies of many (though not the earliest) of these zines do exist in the British Library, none of us in fandom in those early days envisioned online publication. Unfortunately we have lost touch with most of the writers and artists and some of them are no longer with us. We are hoping none of our contributors will object to us making the zines available through the Archive as part of our way of honouring and preserving early fandom. If you are a writer or an artist who does object, please contact us to discuss various options, such as removing your work. The story/art pages can be replaced with placeholder pages leaving only the title and the contributor’s name in the Table of Contents. Contact Us

* * * * * * * *

Enterprise Log Entries 44 - 94

Enterprise incidents 1 - 12, enterprise mission review 1 - 2, enterprise personal log 1 - 3, home to roost 1 - 3, idic log 1 - 19, idic newsletters 1 - 48, log entries 1 - 43, make it so 1 - 26, one-off zines 1, one-off zines 2, repeat missions 1 - 4, stag newsletters 1 - 49, variations on a theme 1 - 8.

Captain’s Log 11.10.2021

Good evening, all. I am once again, unfortunately, posting this in light of bad news regarding this project. The finance/shipping mod has been unreachable since early September, and since I have no access to the funds or merch they’ve ordered, I am unable to refund buyers, reorder the merch, or find a replacement to fulfill the orders.

I and many others involved with zines they’re participating in have attempted to contact Miles in all possible ways including email, Discord DM, telephone call, and letter mail, none of which have been successful. Due to the inability to reach Miles, Ex Astris, Scientia, and most other projects they are involved with are unable to continue. 

I am unfortunately unable to attest to Miles’s well being, and unable to conclude if the projects they were involved were scammed, or if Miles is having issues regarding their physical health.

Please accept my deepest apologies for the failure of this zine; I’m extremely disappointed with the way the situation has devolved, and I regret failing to take precautions regarding finances, a mistake I will never again repeat. 

All digital orders will be fulfilled, and the PDF will be provided for all buyers. Feel free to reach out if you have any questions regarding this update, and thank you for following this zine.

have you ever been able to get into contact with miles or figure out what happened?

Hello! Unfortunately, we haven’t heard from miles but still hope that they will reappear.

Uhhhhhh are we gonna get refunds for physical orders? Cause a PDF is great, but not what I paid for, yknow?

Hello, please refer to our pinned post here . I am unable to issue refunds because I do not have access to the Stripe account. I apologize for the inconvenience but unfortunately, there is simply nothing I can do in this situation.

Captain’s Log 10.09.2021

Hello everyone, unfortunately, I have some bad news regarding the progress of this project.

Our finance/shipping mod Miles hasn’t checked in for over a month. I’m sure they have their reasons for this, but the lack of communication over the past few months has been unacceptable and frustrating for us all, and I cannot see this project being completed with things progressing as they are now.

I am currently searching for a potential candidate to fulfill these duties so we can finally mail out the zines as promised, albeit an extra couple weeks of delay. The zine funds along with all the merch & zines will be transferred so we can complete this project.

I’m extremely sorry for the trouble this has caused for everyone involved and if you have any concerns, feel free to shoot us an ask!

-Captain Cyril

hi! do you guys have a general time period of when shipping will start? I'm so excited to receive my copy :)

Hi, thanks for your question! The zines will most likely ship in late September; we’re currently still waiting on the physical zine to arrive before we can start sending the bundles out.

Thank you for your patience!

Captain’s Log, 07.12.21 🌟

Captain reporting in.

First of all, we apologize for the sparse updates, things have been very slow on our and our manus’ ends lately, but we bring (somewhat) good news! Some of our items were delayed due to formatting issues including the zine itself (not good news, keep reading), but we’re working to fix these problems as soon as possible, and hopefully start shipping before the end of August (there it is).


Thank you all again for your patience, and feel free to reach out to us via the ask function if you have any questions/concerns!


~Captain Cyril

star trek zine

Captain’s Log, 05.06.21 🌟 UPDATE !!

more items have arrived!

here are both of the bookmarks and the enamel pin! we’re just waiting on the acrylic charms, prints, and the zine itself.

more updates as soon as we get them! thank you for being patient with us while we wait for our items to show up.

Captains, out.

Captain’s Log, 03.25.21 🌟

Preorders are officially over! We received a total of 61 sales, and we reached 2 of our 3 stretch goals.

All items have been ordered, and here’s a preview of what’s arrived so far– (stickersheet & bookmark)


Things are looking good so far! More updates to come as we receive more of our items!

THank you for your patience.

Captains, out

star trek zine

startrekzine :

startrekzine : EX ASTRIS, SCIENTIA: PRE-ORDERS OPEN ! Preorders for Ex Astris, Scientia: A Star Trek Zine are now officially open from JANUARY 10, 2021 to FEBRUARY 15, 2021. 🖖  ORDER YOUR BUNDLE HERE! 🖖 About | Mods | Contributors | Ask Bundle information included under the cut : Keep reading



Today’s the last day to order.

But good news from starfleet command– we’ve reached our second stretch goal!!


Hi!! Will this zine be happening again in the future??

Hello there! Unfortunately, we do not have any plans to produce a second volume, but the preorders for this zine are still open until the 22nd!

EX ASTRIS, SCIENTIA: PRE-ORDERS OPEN ! Preorders for Ex Astris, Scientia: A Star Trek Zine are now officially open from JANUARY 10, 2021 to FEBRUARY 15, 2021. 🖖  ORDER YOUR BUNDLE HERE! 🖖 About | Mods | Contributors | Ask Bundle information included under the cut : Keep reading

Greetings from your Captains! We’ve flown past our first stretch goal and are only 15 orders away from unlocking our second stretch goal! 

Preorders are only open for 2 more weeks, so hurry hurry!


@zineapps ​   @zinefeed ​   @fandomzines   @zine-scene ​   @fanzinewatch ​   @faneventshub ​   @welovezines ​   @zinecenter ​   @zineforall ​   @atozines ​   @zinefans ​

star trek zine

lejoursobre :

GUYYYYS ! @startrekzine ’s pre-orders are OPEN !!!!!

star trek zine

hi! i wanna go ahead and place a preorder but im moving in april, do you think it would be safe to ship to my current address or should i go with an alternative just to be safe?

Hello! We plan to ship before April, but on the chance that shipping gets delayed, you can request to update your address via Tumblr ask or email.

Thanks for your interest! 

star trek zine

My art preview for @startrekzine  , a Start Trek fanzine!  Preorders are now live!

star trek zine

Conversations about women, history & popular fiction @DukeUniversity

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Hope for the Future: Kirk/Spock Fan Fiction

By Garret Dixon (2023)

Star Trek fanzines were an immensely popular and long-lasting phenomenon, of which, those featuring the romance between Captain James T. Kirk and his subordinate, Commander Spock (shortened to K/S), garnered their own sub-community. I propose that K/S fanzines were the ultimate Star Trek medium, surpassing its books, movies, and even the show itself. More specifically, the K/S zine industry realized Star Trek’s utopian vision in their production, distribution, and the portrayal of Kirk and Spock’s romance.

The characters of Kirk and Spock were introduced in the first Star Trek series, posthumously dubbed Star Trek: The Original Series (often shortened to TOS). Captain Kirk and his crew aboard the USS Enterprise travel the galaxy, discovering new planets and meeting new civilizations. Star Trek’s portrayal of humanity and human civilization is a utopian one; the Earth has been unified under one Federation, and mankind no longer wages war (Memory Alpha, 2004). Along with world peace, according to the Star Trek: Voyager episode “Dark Frontier” , both money and capitalism went “the way of the dinosaur ” in the 22nd century. As the creator of the show Gene Roddenberry puts it, “We must have an optimistic projection of man and his society if we are to approve of and identify with Captain Kirk, the crew of the Enterprise, and their mission” (Roddenberry, 1967). Although the Enterprise is technically a military vessel and uses military terminology for its crew, Roddenberry rather classifies it as a “semi-military”, devoted primarily to exploration (Roddenberry, 1967). In a guide to those wanting to write an episode for Star Trek, Roddenberry discloses that he primarily uses military terminology to give the audience something more familiar to contextualize the Enterprise and its crew. The crew is multi-racial (and multi-species), a third are women (wow!), and there is no class differentiation between enlisted and officers.

The phenomenon of Star Trek fanzines started with Spockanalia , created in 1967 and died out in the late 90s as fan fiction moved to digital platforms (Verba, 2003). The first K/S entry was a two page story called Grup by well-known (in the fanzine community) author Diane Merchant about two unnamed men having sex. Diane later revealed, through other writing, that these two men were Kirk and Spock. In the following years, K/S grew in popularity, leading to a massive split in the zine community between those that saw Kirk and Spock as good friends, and those that saw their relationship as something more (Verba, 2003). These K/S stories featuring two gay men were almost exclusively written by women. In the seven fanzines I use for my primary sources, with over 100 authors, over 80% of them are women. In Veldman-Genz’s Selling Gay Sex to Women , they cite the emergence of e-books and online media as a major factor in erotica’s, especially gay erotica’s, rise in popularity. Zines thrived long before the internet, due to a massive demand and many passionate groups producing zines with no other motive than the love of Star Trek.

The K/S zine publishing industry lived up to Star Trek’s post-capitalist ideal by having no large companies, no marketing teams, no advances, no royalties, and no profits. Although devoid of the profit motive, the teams that create these zines produce issue after issue, losing sleep, and still inspiring others to do the same (Zier, 1984). There is little information on how exactly this industry operated, so I looked to seven different primary sources, all zines, to glean how they were produced and distributed. The production of a zine relies on two different groups of people: those who write the pieces featured, and those who edit, put together, and print the zine itself. My seven selected zines range from about 50 pages to 250, and feature between two and 24 different authors. With smaller zines, it’s hard to tell how closely the writing and editing team work together, but with larger zine series such as Contact , people send in their stories by mail, and the editors choose which to put in the final product. The reach of fanzines is large, according to Contact 2’s Editor Page, they say they’ve received mail from every part of the US, England, and from Australia. The editing team themselves nominally work for a publishing company. In these seven fanzines there are four different series, four different publishers, and four different addresses. These publishing companies are nothing more than a front however, where every address points to a house in a subdivision, presumably the editor’s. In one case, two different publishing companies for the zines Acceptance and IDIC Log are run by one woman out of a cottage in Dundee, Scotland. There are most commonly three roles for the editing team: the editors themselves, the typing, and the printing/reproduction. The number of people on this team varies, often multiple roles are fulfilled by the same person, but never is someone alone putting together a zine. The production of a zine seems to always be a group effort, and this goes a long way to explain how people start producing zines in the first place. Those that produce new zines either have experience producing a zine before, or personally know people who produce them. In their first edition of Mind Meld , the editors thank the editing team of Contact for their help , and according to google maps, their houses , both in Baltimore, are a half hour drive apart. What I have found is a technically interesting phenomenon of a massive decentralized publishing industry, but also a remarkably intimate, organically growing community devoted to the publishing of K/S fiction.

Once the zine is edited, typed, and printed (by local no-name companies), the next step is to spread and distribute them to hungry readers (Contact 4, 1977). There are no marketing teams, instead the zines initially hand-to-hand, or word of mouth. The crucial information a reader needs to know is what the home address of the editor is. Although past the profit motive, the use of money has not gone extinct. Readers sent an SASE(self addressed stamped envelope) to the editor with money in it, adjusted for inflation about $15 for a 120 page zine up to $34 for 250 pages (Contact 8, 1982). The editor then sends the zine back in the return envelope. Many zines announce their new upcoming issue with a release date, meaning that you can simply send the money to the same address to get the next issue. To get the address for a new zine, either you get it from a friend or see an ad for it in another zine. Zine ad sections are a part of the last few pages of a zine, a kind of ‘miscellaneous’ section, usually containing trivia and advertisements for new zines and fan-made music with blurbs and addresses to send money to (Contact 4, Mind-meld I). Curiously, both Acceptance and IDIC Log do not have price tags on them at all. They are both edited by that same woman out of Scotland, and it is possible that she was distributing them for free. That, or the payment section is implied or was not digitized.

This post-capitalist industry was ironically created from corporate greed. From its very outset, copyright laws doom the industry to failure and to obscurity, yet they have become a phenomenon wide and long-lasting.  Paramount owns the rights to Star Trek, but zine publishers avoid copyright violations by calling on the “Fair Use” section of copyright law (U.S Fair Use Copyright Index). Fair use says that it’s ok to use copyrighted materials without permission, as long as it’s not for profit and doesn’t cut into the owner’s profits too much. What this means, in practice, is that there will never be a monetary incentive to produce zines, and zines can never be too popular, lest they steal market share. Zines were popular, however, and the zine industry flourished unchecked by Paramount’s power. Paramount does not hesitate to enforce its claims on fan-made material, even when non-profit, like it did against the fan-funded film Axanar (Gardner, 2017). In this case, the courts decided that fair use did not apply because Axanar challenged Star Trek’s IP too directly, a logic that could easily apply to zines threatening the popularity of the many Star Trek books. The zines’ defense against this was that there were so many different publishers, to the point that trying to stamp them out would not be worth the time or money. This decentralized structure happened in fact due to the copyright law requiring that they be non-profit.

The romance between Kirk and Spock also signifies a kind of ideal relationship. In the seven fanzines I’ve cited here, there are wide variations on how this relationship is portrayed. The biggest differences are between fanzine series, with the Contact series being more physical and featuring stronger declarations of love than Mind-meld and Acceptance . It appears that the zine editors choose submissions that roughly fit the zine’s theme, primarily along the lines of how explicit Kirk and Spock’s relationship is and if there are stories from other characters featured in the zine. Contact is about exclusively Kirk and Spock, whereas IDIC Log has stories from several different viewpoints. There are noticeable differences within fanzines as well, as each piece has a unique author. Within Contact 8 itself the stories range from platonic adventures of Kirk and Spock to stories where dangerous situations lead to physical contact and declarations of love.

All these stories, regardless of variation, represent a utopian ideal of a relationship. K/S is not free from conflict, in fact, they fight with each other quite often. However, they always end up together at the end closer than they were before. Along with this happily-ever-after ending, Kirk and Spock are shown to be able to perfectly communicate with each other. Stories in Contact 8 make use of telepathy to allow Kirk and Spock to perfectly understand each other. Spock is from an alien species called the Vulcan, and all Vulcan have the ability to mind meld with other sentient beings, allowing pure thoughts and emotions to be transmitted between them. One caress of the cheek or touching of foreheads, and Kirk and Spock are able to directly communicate. This is rarely shown as perfect, it’s quite taxing on Kirk’s human brain, but Kirk and Spock are seen working on it and working to communicate better through it. This, too, represents an ideal scenario between two people, where physical, emotional, and mental barriers break down completely and two become one.

Fanzines are a present day manifestation of the utopian ideal of the future ingrained in the stories of Star Trek. Although Star Trek: The Original Series provided the source material for fanzines, the show itself did not live up to its own ideals. Star Trek is an incredibly profitable IP for Paramount, and therefore is forced to place profitability above all else. Star Trek was canceled after only three seasons and less than three years on air because its ratings on NBC were too low (Asher, 1993). Fanzines, however, have no such bounds. Those who produce them do it without the quest for profit and without the need for ratings. Arguably, the fanzine industry is more successful than the show itself, as TOS zines were produced in great numbers for over thirty years, rather than the three of TOS itself. Not worrying about ratings or making money may have opened the door to explore gay romance itself. Not dependent on social norms or wide acceptance, zines were able to express and fantasize about areas that the show dared not go.

The K/S fanzine industry is a pure manifestation of love and of the ideals of Star Trek. The mammoth zine industry operates as a non-profit, as the production of fanzines is a combination of crowd-sourced art pieces put together by an editing team in someone’s house and printed by a local lithographer. Readers acquire these fanzines by mailing said editor’s house an envelope with money and get the zine back, and they hear about the address from friends or from another zine. This diffuse, intimate industry is entirely shaped by the threat of copyright litigation by Paramount, yet adapts and succeeds because of it. The content of K/S zines, the romance between Kirk and Spock, also represents an ideal of a relationship with no emotional, mental, or physical barriers between two people. Star Trek depicts a post-scarcity society that no longer uses money as incentive, yet people still work together and reach for the stars, and in that way, I think zines are its most faithful medium.

Works Cited

Roddenberry, Gene. Star Trek Writers/Directors Guide . Paramount TV Production, 1967.

Harmony Press, ed. Contact 1 , 1975.

Harmony Press, ed. Contact 2 , 1976.

Harmony Press, ed. Contact 4 , 1977.

Harmony Press, ed. Contact 8 , 1982.

ScotPress, ed. Acceptance , 1982.

Zier, Sandy, ed. Mind Meld 1 , 1984.

IDIC, ed. IDIC Log 13 , 1993.

Verba, Joan Marie. Boldly Writing: A Trekker Fan and Zine History 1967 – . 2nd ed. FTL Publications, 2003.

Veldman-Genz, Carol. “Selling Gay Sex to Women.” Essay. In Women and Erotic Fiction: Critical Essays on Genres, Markets and Readers , edited by Kristen Phillips, 133–49. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2015.

Gardner, Eriq. “CBS, Paramount Settle Lawsuit over ‘Star Trek’ Fan Film.” The Hollywood Reporter. The Hollywood Reporter, January 22, 2017. .

“ U.S. Copyright Office Fair Use Index.” Accessed April 14, 2023. .

“United Federation of Planets.” Memory Alpha. Fandom. Accessed May 5, 2023. .

Asherman, Allan. The Star Trek Compendium . New York: Pocket Books, 1993.

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Kirk/Spock Slash Fiction Zine Collection Coll2007-008

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Subjects and Indexing Terms

Act Five: Scene One (Mkaschef Enterprises) December 1985

Act Five: Scene Two (Mkaschef Enterprises) April 1986

And Another K/S Zine (Entwhistle and Duck Productions) July 1983

Another K/S Zine (Entwhistle and Duck Productions) December 1982

Consort 1 (Reprehensible Press) January 1985

Dreams of the Sleepers (Pon Farr Press) 1985

The Fifth Hour of Night (Pon Farr Press) 1986

Final Frontier (Tiger Press) 1981

Impact No. 93 (Fire Trine Press) April 1985

Naked Times 3 (Pon Farr Press) 1979

Naked Times 4/5 Part 1 (Pon Farr Press) 1984

Naked Times 4/5 Part 2 (Pon Farr Press) December 1984

Naked Times 6 (Pon Farr Press) April 1985

Naked Times 7 (Pon Farr Press) July 1985

Naked Times 8 (Pon Farr Press) November 1985

Naked Times 10 (Pon Farr Press) June 1986

Nocturne (Defiant Press) July 1981

Out of Bounds, Again (Shoestring Press) 1983

Out of Bounds, Gypsies, Tramps & Thieves (Unrepressed Press) 1984

Out of Bounds, Overflow (Shoestring Press) 1983

Out of Bounds, Too (Shoestring Press) January 1982

Passages (Pulsar Press) 1978

The Poet and I (Merry Men Press) April 1986

A Question of Balance (Pon Farr Press) 1980

Shades of Grey (Mkashef Enterprises) 1986

Still More California K/S (Noel Silva) 1986

Still Out of Bounds Old Friend! (Shoestring Press) 1982

T'hy'la No. 1 (Kathleen Resch) 1981

T'hy'la No. 2 (Kathleen Resch) 1982

T'hy'la No. 3 (Kathleen Resch) 1982

T'hy'la No. 5 (Kathleen Resch) 1985

T'hy'la No. 6 (Kathleen Resch) 1985

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Discovering Fanzines: Online Fanzine Resources

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General Online Resources

  • British Fanzine Bibliography A large bibliography of fanzines produced in Great Britain between 1931-1990, compiled by a group of British SF fans.
  • An online library of science fiction fanzines, both new and old.
  • FANAC Fan History Project A site devoted to chronicling the history and present state of science fiction fandom, and which includes many scanned current and old SF fanzines.
  • FanFiction.Net A large online repository of fan fiction for many different fandoms, including TV shows, movies, books, anime/manga, comic books, games, and plays/musicals.
  • An ever-growing fan-run, fan-authored online wiki with thousands of entries about all sorts of fannish creations, including individual fanzines and fanzine authors.
  • ZineWiki An open-source encyclopedia devoted to zines, zine production and zine culture. Zinewiki is a major source of information on the independent small press universe of which fanzines are a significant part.

Fanzines for Some Specific Fandoms

  • Blake's 7: Judith Proctor's Pages One fandom with a significant cult following has been "Blake's 7", a groundbreaking British science fiction show that ran originally from 1978-1981. Fan Judith Proctor has produced a one-stop reference site devoted to the show, which includes an index to most B7 fanzines.
  • Destinies Entwined: "The Sentinel" Fan Fiction "The Sentinel" was a cult science fiction/crime series that ran in syndication from 1996-1999. Like many cult television shows, it has resulted in a flurry of stories based around this particular universe.
  • ERBZine (Edgar Rice Burroughs) A weekly e-zine devoted to the literary works of Edgar Rice Burroughs, the creator of Tarzan and Doc Savage.
  • Quantum Leap: Al's Place "Quantum Leap" was a time-travel show broadcast on NBC from 1989-1993. As with many cult shows, it developed a passionate group of fans who have generated a number of stories and fanzines devoted to its characters and universe. This site contains an index to many QL fanzines.
  • Star Trek: Kirk/Spock Zine Index One particular - and prolific - subset of fan fiction is known as "slash". Slash refers to fan fiction concerned with homosexual relationships between two or more characters; the first slash fandom detailed a same-sex relationship between "Star Trek" characters Captain Kirk and Mr. Spock, and these so-called "K/S" stories have proliferated over the decades.
  • Star Wars Collector's Bible: SW-Related Fanzines A reference list, prepared by a collector and producer of "Star Wars" merchandise, of fanzines relating to this seminal SF movie series. "Star Wars", like "Star Trek" and other fandoms, has generated a large number of amateur publications by interested fans.
  • The Professionals Zine Index "The Professionals" was a popular British crime drama broadcast from 1977-1983. It has generated a strong cult following which has resulted in a number of fanzines devoted to the show and its characters.

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Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection

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Collection Overview

  • Collection Organization

The Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection represents nearly four decades of participation in the Star Trek slash fanfiction movement, from the 1970s until Alice Mills’ death in 2015. The collection is primarily comprised of fanzines centered on the Kirk/Spock (K/S) relationship from the original Star Trek television series and subsequent movies. It is the “/” between the names of Kirk and Spock from which the term “slash” fiction is derived. In addition to Kirk/Spock, the collection also contains materials from fandoms such as Jack/Ennis or B/B (Brokeback Mountain); Garak/Bashir (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine); Love Noir Deux (A Donald Strachey Mystery Slash Zine), and several non-fandom works. Also included are audio cassettes featuring notables such as William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy, a collection of photographs, and original fan art.

  • Creation: 1967 - 2014, undated

5 Linear Feet (10 archives boxes, 4 oversize flat boxes, two index card boxes.)

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of approximately 5 linear feet of fanzines, correspondence, audio cassettes, and fan art dating from approximately 1967-2014. This collection may be of particular interest to scholars working in the fields of feminist theory, queer theory, fan studies, gender studies, science fiction and genre literature, as well as other aspects of late-20th century popular culture. The Star Trek fanfiction movement, and slash fiction in particular, was largely created in the early 1970s by women like Alice Mills- smart, interested women who wanted to carry on the joy they found in Gene Roddenberry’s creation after it left the airwaves. Even more, in his keystone work on fandom Textual Poachers, Henry Jenkins argues that “the emergence of media fandom can be seen, at least in part, as an effort to create a fan culture more open to women, within which female fans could make a contribution without encountering the entrenched power of long-time male fans” (48). These women used their shared passion for the Star Trek universe to express fandom on their terms, to create a strong community through fan outlets such as conventions and new technology such as the internet, and to use their creativity to explore new gender and social roles in a rapidly changing society.

Biographical / Historical

Written by Jean Mills, daughter of Alice J. Mills Alice Jean Mills (née Everett) (April 10, 1932 – April 23, 2015) was born in Toledo, OH but moved at the age of two to Quincy, MA, becoming a life-long resident of the Boston area until her death in Weymouth, MA in 2015. A graduate of Quincy High School, she yearned to further her education but circumstances put college out of reach. She never stopped learning, reading widely and voraciously in the areas of English literature, Greek philosophy and the sciences. She became especially interested in NASA’s space programs, astronomy, astrophysics, and neurosciences, in particular the science of the brain. These interests grew from her involvement in the Kirk/Spock fanzine movement beginning in 1979, when her enthusiasm for the television series Star Trek developed into a deeper appreciation for the series’ homoerotic subtexts. The movement also put her in touch with a vast, international network of women (Sandra Gent, Jean Hinson, Caro Hedge, Pat Stall, Bea Bula, Robin Hood, Cynthia Coleman, Jenna St. Clair, and Elke Zielonka among others), who were equally passionate about advancing a queer narrative of the show. Mills, who wrote using her own name as well as pseudonyms such as Madison Lang and Iris, was impatient with injustice, and her stories reflect a world committed to love, desire, and passion, in all its guises—bonding, in other words, rather than bondage. She was less interested in and often critical of Kirk/Spock stories that explored violence and sado-masochism, even consensual violence, as she often said, “Only a universe based on love will advance to the next mindstep of the cosmos. There is no other way.” This was a purist/absolutist position that she applied not only to Kirk/Spock, but also to many different areas of social, political, and cultural realities; for example, she was extremely critical of a space program based on military objectives, and blamed the Reagan Administration for the adjustment away from a Gene Roddenberry-infused internationalism towards a nationalistic, militaristic agenda in space exploration. She also was disheartened by what she saw as a trend in Kirk/Spock literature towards violence, competition, jealousy, and pleasure in pain. In addition to her contributions to the world of fanfiction, she was a devoted mother of four, a wife of over fifty years, a grandmother of six, and an aunt to many nieces and nephews, but she was truly most passionate about pursuing a ‘life of the mind’, a life of ideas and future possibilities, which is what she found, I believe, in this international community of women and the slash zine fanfiction movement.

Conditions Governing Access

No known access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright and other restrictions may apply to the materials in this collection. Researchers using this collection assume full responsibility for conforming to the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright, and are responsible for securing permissions necessary for publication or reproduction.

Language of Materials

Additional description, immediate source of acquisition.

The materials in this collection were transferred to the Browne Popular Culture Library in March 2015 by the Mills family.

Genre / Form

  • Fan Fiction
  • Science fiction

Finding Aid & Administrative Information

Repository details.

Part of the Browne Popular Culture Library Repository .

Search within collection

Collection organization.

Identification of item, date (if known); Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection, MS 0224, box number, folder number; Browne Popular Culture Library, University Libraries, Bowling Green State University

Cite Item Description

Identification of item, date (if known); Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection, MS 0224, box number, folder number; Browne Popular Culture Library, University Libraries, Bowling Green State University Accessed June 11, 2024.

A Brief History of Zines

By chloe arnold | nov 18, 2016.

Jake via Wikimedia // CC BY 2.0

Zines have now become so mainstream that even Kanye West has one. In February 2016, the hip-hop artist tweeted : “Season 2 Zine pronounced Zeen short for magazine. A lot of people pronounce it wrong.” The tweet included a picture of the publication Kanye had made to accompany his second line of footwear for his brand, Yeezy. After decades of existence, zines are no longer strictly counter-culture, but they originated as small-scale DIY efforts—many with an anti-authoritarian message.

Most definitions of zines include the fact that they are small-circulation, self-published, and often inexpensive or free. That’s generally true, although these are more guidelines than hard-and-fast rules. The most important aspect of a zine is generally that the publication identifies as one. Many zine-makers will say zines are as much about the community as the product, and that identifying as a zine is what separates these publications from comics, literary journals, websites, and other types of independent publications.

The first zine is often traced back to a 1930s effort by the Science Correspondence Club in Chicago. It was called The Comet , and it started a long-lasting trend of sci-fi related zines. The important sci-fi zine Fantasy Commentator began in 1943, and ran in various iterations (though not continuously) until 2004. One of the pieces serialized in Fantasy Commentator eventually became Sam Moskowitz’s book on the history of sci-fi fandom, The Immortal Storm. The interconnectedness of zines and sci-fi is reflected in the World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon) Hugo award for Best Fanzine , first given out in 1955 and still awarded today. (As the name of that award shows, zines were originally called fanzines , alluding to the fans who made them. Eventually, fanzine was just shortened to zine , and the range of topics widened to include practically anything.)

The relationship between zines and sci-fi deepened after 1967, when the first Star Trek fanzine , Spockanalia, was produced. It gained plenty of attention, and the second issue included letters by members of the show, including writer D.C. Fontana and actors James Doohan, DeForest Kelley, and Leonard Nimoy. (The actors all wrote their letters in character.) In 1968 , Star Trek was reportedly going to be canceled after two seasons, but a letter-writing campaign—partly organized through fanzines —that generated over 160,000 missives was able to help get the show back on the air for another year .

The technological innovations of the ‘70s made zines easier to create than ever. In particular, the rise of copy shops allowed zine-makers to produce their work cheaply and quickly. (Previously, zines had been produced using mimeographs , which push ink through a stencil to make multiple prints, but the process was impractical for large-scale production.) Steve Samiof , one of the people behind the popular punk zine Slash , told Dazed in an interview earlier this year that the copy shops of the '70s were “extremely inexpensive—you could pay under $800 for 5000 copies and that would be the actual printing cost.”

In the ‘70s and ‘80s, the main hub of zine culture became the punk scene in London, LA, and New York. Compared to the earlier sci-fi zines, punk zines had a grungier, DIY aesthetic that reflected the subjects being covered. Slash and other popular zines like UK-based Sniffin’ Glue covered seminal punk bands like The Clash, The Ramones, and Joy Division. The first issue of Punk , published in 1976, featured an interview with Lou Reed.

star trek zine

The first issue of Sniffin' Glue. Image credit: Wikimedia // Fair use

The dedication of the early punk scene allowed zines to get interviews with people who would go on to be big names before they had achieved fame. When punk started to gain popularity, many of the zines that previously helped define the scene shut down. Sniffin’ Glue ended in 1977 and in 1979 Punk followed suit.

In the 1990s, zines flourished again thanks to the riot grrrl scene. As an alternative to the male-driven punk world of the past, riot grrrl encouraged young girls and women to start their own band, make their own zine, and get their voices heard. Key bands included Bikini Kill, Heavens to Betsy, Bratmobile, L7, and Sleater-Kinney. By 1993, an estimated 40,000 zines were being published in North America alone, many of them devoted to riot grrrl music and politics.

But riot grrrl was more than just a musical genre, it was a feminist movement—though it was often difficult to pin down the specifics of that movement. As Max Kessler wrote in Paper , “Whatever riot grrrl became—a political movement, an avant-garde, or an ethos—it began as a zine.” Riot grrrl spread from its epicenter in Olympia, Washington to across the country and other parts of the world.

Many of the members of these bands also had their own zines. Bikini Kill ran a zine of the same name, and Tobi Vail, a member of the band, ran her own popular zine called Jigsaw . The zine Snarla was made by artist Miranda July and musician Johanna Fateman. Both Bust , first published in 1993 , and Bitch , published in 1996 , started out as zines connected to the riot grrl movement and have since grown into full-scale magazines.

star trek zine

Philipp Messner via Flickr // CC BY-NC 2.0

  Today, zines are more diverse than ever. The rise of the internet has helped make the cost of production almost zero, and online zines such as Plasma Dolphin , Pop Culture Puke , Cry Baby , and Cherry have brought young artists together to collaborate. However, zines are also still sold in person through zine fairs as well as online via Etsy and Big Cartel. The internet has also made it easier for zine makers to connect and find community regardless of location.

While the zines of the past have been shaped by the predominant themes of sci-fi, punk music, and the riot grrrl movement, there have always been zines on a variety of subjects. Today, that diversity is reflected in publications like Home Zine , which invites artists to explore the concept of feeling at home;  Filmme Fatales , which explores feminism in film; and Dad Tweets —a short, humorous collection of selected tweets from a real-life dad. There is even a zine about what plants are best for attracting bees and other pollinators. In fact, there is an entire magazine, Broken Pencil , dedicated to covering zines and zine culture. (In the 1980s and early 1990s, Factsheet Five , a zine of zines , performed a similar function.)

The usefulness of zines as historical documents is now being recognized. Many universities have their own zine collections and there are also numerous independent zine libraries both in America and around the world. It’s easier than ever to learn about zines first-hand. However, the best way to learn and be involved in the community is the same as always: start reading and then start creating.

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Star Trek Finally Answers One of Deep Space Nine’s Lingering Dominion War Questions

The Battle of Betazed was one of the most important incidents in the Dominion War and Star Trek: Lower Decks finally explains why it was such a vital target for the Changelings.

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Changelings in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine

This Star Trek: Lower Decks article contains spoilers.

Backed into a corner by members of the USS Cerritos and affected by the same overwhelming emotions that bombard everyone else, the three Betazoid women pull out their lipsticks. Although they initially seemed like nothing more than party girls abusing their diplomatic privilege, the Betazoids extend their lipsticks into batons and leap into action, revealing themselves to be members of their planet’s secret intelligence corp. And thus, Star Trek: Lower Decks give us the first (canonical) look at the Betazed military.

The question of Betazed’s military power has been lingering since the portrayal of the Dominion War in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine . That series seeded the power of the Dominion early on and slowly established the Gamma Quadrant conquerors as a real threat. But it wasn’t until the Dominion, and their Cardassian collaborators, conquered Betazed that the Federation truly took the threat seriously.

To some viewers, the Battle of Betazed might seem like an easy win for the Dominion. After all, Star Trek ‘s two most notable Betazoids are the Enterprise’s Counsellor Deanna Troi and her mother, Ambassador Lwaxana Troi. As beloved as they are (well, Deanna anyway), neither of them presents their planet as particularly powerful warriors.

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Sure, we’ve seen some dangerous Betazoids from time to time, the powerful Tam Elbrun of The Next Generation episode “Tin Man” and serial killer Lon Suder (portrayed by the legendary Brad Dourif) who saved the Voyager from Kazon invaders in the two-parter “Basics.” But for the most part, Betazed seems like a peaceful paradise.

So why in the world would the Dominion want to start with Betazed? Sure, it provides strategic value in establishing a base in the Alpha Quadrant, and the captured Betazoids served as slave labor for the Cardassians. But surely the mighty Dominion would want to demonstrate its strength by crippling a more combat-ready planet? And if they did simply want an easy win, why was the fall of Betazed so chilling to the Federation that Captain Sisko sacrificed his morals to enlist the Romulan Empire, as seen in the amazing Deep Space Nine episode “In the Pale Moonlight” ?

Strangely enough, a sort of answer comes in the latest episode of Lower Decks . Much of the season five episode “Empathalogical Fallacies” plays like a riff on two of the franchise’s more embarrassing entries, “The Naked Time” from The Original Series (aka the one with Sulu and a sword) and “The Naked Now” from TNG (aka the one where Tasha Yar and Data get it on). The crew of the Cerritos begins acting wildly at the same time that a trio of Betazed diplomats visit. However, the script by Jamie Loftus cleverly locates the source of the problem to T’Lyan, who experiences early on-set Bendii Syndrome.

The Bendii Syndrome forces the Betazoid secret agents to reveal themselves and their mission: to investigate a mysterious vessel that has been obliterating other ships throughout the season. Not only do the agents show impressive physical prowess, stopped only thanks to Shax and his unique way of training his security forces, but they also have new information about the ship.

In this short and largely funny episode, “Empathalogical Fallacies” brings into canon something only seen in novels such as The Battle of Betazed by Charlotte Douglas and Susan Kearney. The Betazoids aren’t just telepathic hippies who get married in the nude. They’re a military power whose empathetic abilities make them an intelligence asset. Now it makes a lot more sense why the Changelings wanted to take them out as early as possible in the Dominion War.

Star Trek: Lower Decks is streaming now on Paramount+.

Joe George

Joe George | @jageorgeii

Joe George’s writing has appeared at Slate, Polygon,, and elsewhere!

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‘Baby Reindeer,’ ‘Mr. & Mrs. Smith’ and ‘Colin From Accounts’ Take Top Prizes at 2024 Gotham TV Awards: Full Winners List

By Lexi Carson

Lexi Carson

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BABY REINDEER, from left: Richard Gadd, Nava Mau, (Season 1, ep. 102, aired April 11, 2024). photo: ©Netflix / Courtesy Everett Collection

“Baby Reindeer” was among the winners at the first-ever Gotham TV Awards  on Tuesday evening, taking home the prize for breakthrough limited series.

“I never thought in a million years that this dark, weird, messed up show would have brought in this universal love that it’s received,” said Richard Gadd, the show’s creator and star, in his acceptance speech. He also thanked Netflix, his team and his mom and dad for “messing [him] up enough to make [him] an artist.”

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Over the past decade, the 33-year-old  Gotham Awards  have honored excellence in television in three categories — breakthrough series (over 40 minutes), breakthrough series (under 40 minutes) and outstanding performance in a new series. 2024 marks the first year that Gothams have held a larger award show specifically for the TV industry. The ceremony was held at Cipriani 25 in New York City.

See the complete list of winners below.

Breakthrough Comedy Series “Bodkin” “Colin From Accounts”  — WINNER “Gen V”

Breakthrough Drama Series “Black Cake” “Fallout” “Mr. & Mrs. Smith” — WINNER “The Curse” “X-Men ‘97”

Breakthrough Limited Series “Baby Reindeer” — WINNER “Ripley” “The Sympathizer” “Shōgun” “Under the Bridge”

Outstanding Performance in a Comedy Series Robyn Cara, “Bodkin” Siobhán Cullen, “Bodkin” Harriet Dyer, “Colin From Accounts”  — WINNER Kaya Scodelario, “The Gentlemen” Jaz Sinclair, “Gen V” Kristen Wiig, “Palm Royale”

Outstanding Performance in a Drama Series Nathan Fielder, “The Curse” Walton Goggins, “Fallout” Mia Isaac, “Black Cake” Emma Stone, “The Curse” Zine Tseng, “3 Body Problem” — WINNER

Outstanding Performance in a Limited Series Richard Gadd, “Baby Reindeer” Lily Gladstone, “Under the Bridge “ Ambika Mod, “One Day” Tobias Menzies, “Manhunt” Andrea Riseborough, “The Regime” Hiroyuki Sanada, “Shōgun” Anna Sawai, “Shōgun” Andrew Scott, “Ripley” — WINNER Hoa Xuande, “The Sympathizer” Ji-young Yoo, “Expats”

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star trek zine

Mpreg (short for male pregnancy) is a plot device in which men become pregnant . It occurs with some frequency in slash and very rarely in het .

In these fanworks , the man who gets pregnant is usually human and cisgender. There is often no explanation for the phenomenon, although it may be explained by magic, medical experimentation, or simply the existence of an alternate universe where men are commonly pregnant. In some dystopian mpreg AUs, the role or status of males able to get pregnant may differ markedly from that of impregnating males.

While there are a few mpreg fanworks from the 1980s [note 1] , it is a genre that was not generally addressed by fans until the mid-to late-1990s. [note 2] [note 3]

Nowadays in fandom, Mpreg is most commonly found in fanworks written in the A/B/O universe, where male Omegas have the ability to become pregnant. "Mpreg" as a trope in isolation is increasingly rare in fanworks thanks to the popularity of A/B/O, but only because it tends to appear as part of that larger universe instead.

Mpreg in Canon

In canon , mpreg is often explained by alien biology . Alien Nation and Star Trek: Enterprise both have canonical male pregnancy, Torchwood has a reference to it as well, and in Farscape one of the alien male characters accidentally does much of the gestating of John and Aeryn 's child. [note 4]

In DC Comics canon Kon-El gets half his genes from Clark Kent and half from Lex Luthor . This leads to some Smallville Clex fic where he is the result of mpreg rather than laboratory experiments. Pinky and the Brain from Animaniacs also have a genetic son together.

In Futurama , alien Kif becomes pregnant with cyclops Leela's children after touching her hand. However, as he shares a much deeper emotional connection with the human Amy, she is considered the "father" of his offspring. The babies (resembling tadpoles) are born and migrate to a river, set to return when they've become older.

In the manga series Patalliro , the bishounen Mariach becomes pregnant with his lover Bancoran's children. The first instance ends with a miscarriage, the second sees him successfully give birth to their son. [1]

In the cartoon series Fairly Odd Parents , it's revealed that the male fairy becomes pregnant with the child. One of the main characters, Cosmo, successfully gives birth to his son, Poof.

A Polarizing Genre

For non-fans, mpreg, like omegaverse , is an easy topic of derision. Social media and mainstream journalism lights up on the subject, poking fun and claiming outraged amazement.

Mpreg is a rather polarizing genre even within fandom: Whereas some fans really like it, many fans go out of their way to avoid it, and relatively few fans are indifferent to it.

Sexism, Transgender Issues

The topic of mpreg intersects with not only sexism but also transgender issues. Many trans fans have written about this at length:

A fan in 2015 wrote:

The idea that every story has no warnings makes reading like walking in a mine field. That's especially true when you have issues with certain kinds of stories like death , mpreg, or any other kind of story that is common in the fandom. [2]
It is just so much easier to mock something than to really engage in it. Like, how easy to point out the mpreg trope and be like, “Look at this crazy thing these crazy people are doing.” But mpreg is a really poignant commentary on how the biological fact that women carry children influences every aspect of female life in society. Tweak it so that men can get pregnant, too, and watch how things change: watch how the men are the ones now struggling with the questions that society so seldom demands of them. It breaks my heart, what so many mpreg fics reveal about how girls feel about their place in society. I mean, in Omegaverse, frequently the pregnancy-bearing gender is literally a prisoner of its reproductive function, lamenting the inability to ever lead a life with full freedom of choice, and, in fact, tasked with limiting exposure to the impregnating gender because, hey, they are not to blame if they’re tempted by the irresistible invitation of a baby-depository in their vicinity. [3]
Personally, I’m okay with it I’m actually less okay with it–although it still falls under “cis writers use caution,” not “NEVER EVER”–if the pregnant character is a trans man. Depicting a trans man as pregnant isn’t necessarily feminizing or genitalia-obsessing or intrusively gawking at transness, but it can easily tip that way. Whereas mpreg with cis male characters is (to me) just one of those odd but harmless fetishes like people who really want to be eaten by a dragon’s vagina. I don’t totally understand what people get out of it, but it’s not wrong. Fantasy’s a weird place, and I’m glad for that, considering what my own corners of it are like. [4]
1. Trans men are being ignored in favour of cis men, despite the cis men characters embodying traits of trans men in order to create/progress a certain narrative. This is textbook fetishization. 2. Mpreg, as a category, is the fetishization of trans men’s bodies to primarily pursue male pregnancy above all else (often involving plenty of smut), more often than not ignoring any and all trans experiences that either don’t fit the narrative they want to tell, or are too ‘difficult’ or ‘scary’ for the writers to write. This is deeply fetishistic in a world where there’s next to no representation of trans men that doesn’t include the fetishization of their bodies and the sexual use of them in ways befitting the cis gaze and standard dehumanization. So essentially, cis men are used instead of trans men, which is fetishistic, but even when trans men are used, it’s nearly always fetishistic in how the characters and narrative are handled. [...] In reality, mpreg doesn’t explicitly claim to be related to trans (or intersex) people, but it cannot be viewed outside of that context in a world where trans and intersex people are also displaced from our bodies and our realities by cis dyadic people, in a world where our body parts are literally objectified and fetishized and removed from our humanity. I literally don’t give a crap what anyone’s intent is, that’s the reality of it, that’s representation that harms trans and intersex people, and if people fail to realize that, then they’re harming trans and intersex people, categorically. [5]
the reason i get so discoursey about mpreg is not solely about the kink itself or the various tropes for it. it stems from the fact that this kink and these associated elements like a/b/o are largely created and supported by cis people. what do you think this looks like to us? that you would rather use convoluted pseudoscience to wave away biological impossibilities with cismpreg, just so you can have dudes with dicks? that you would rather pass off things like anal live birth as normal in your creative works, rather than make a character a transman, which wouldn’t alter the character in any other way other than their genitalia? it holds up cissexist values that only further alienate and offend transmasculine fans of this kink, including myself and others. as well as any other transmasc people who have to see cismpreg art and be reminded that the majority of cis sentiments is that penis = male, and in order for it to be ‘male pregnancy’ a guy has to have a dick even though thats entirely biologically bogus. its hurtful. its insulting to some of us who are trying to normalize our bodies and use interests like this as coping mechanisms, creative expression, and of course, good wholesome jerk-off material that we can actually relate to if you’re cis and you enjoy this interest, please be mindful of how you enjoy it, and what you enjoy about it. be proactive about your interest in kinks! look into exactly what you appreciate about something, and what a specific notion of it truly means to you if you are legitimately upset that people tell you its offensive to you! by being apathetic in your consumption of porn, you are adding to the notion that all porn is inherently toxic, and all kinks like mpreg are inherently transphobic. if you enjoy my art, you should know that i do not want you to enjoy it as an apathetic consumer. i draw these things for me and people like me, for those of us who want porn that doesn’t play into cissexism [6]

Some fans have taken to utilizing the tags #tmpreg (trans male pregnancy) and #cmpreg (cis male pregnancy) to distinguish the content they create.

Fan Comments

The stuff about pregnancy and nursing made me sicker than any hardcore catheter story ever concocted. Now that I think about it, no catheter story has ever made me sick at all, and actually they kind of turned me on, but *babies* have no place in a slash story, as far as I'm concerned. (They can be anywhere else they want, as long as it is far away from me.) [7]
There are perfectly valid reasons for an author to want to write MPREG -- like the desire to perpetuate the genome. Wouldn't it be nice to have a kid with the genes of BOTH our desirable men? And it's nice not to have to invent a female character and try to walk the tightrope between cardboard surrogate and overly-detailed Mary Sue. Not to mention that female surrogate mothers challenge our romantic notions of fidelity. [snipped] I think the mistake that almost all authors make with MPREG, however, is excessive feminization. Believe it or not, I DON'T think it's necessary to make the pregnant character extremely girlish. Too many authors play up the stereotypes of cravings, mood swings, distorted body-image, and all the problems that pregnant WOMEN usually have to face. I'd like to see someone do a really good job of having a man face the challenges of pregnancy in a uniquely masculine way -- stoic, stubborn, and insisting that everything he says is purely rational. Maybe there would be some interesting over-compensation episodes to deal with the character's sense of lost masculinity. And I'd like to see the other characters treating the pregnant character's emotional and hormonal difficulties more seriously, instead of poking fun at them. In real life, pregnancy can be both dignified and dangerous, and I think that makes great material for a story. [8]
I think mpreg is kinkfic . The trouble with kinkfic of all stripes is that it's easy to write it so that only people who *have* that kink can see any merit in the story at all--it's easy to write a _bad_ kinkfic story that a certain section of the readers are going to read and like just because it's for that kink. I also think it's harder for someone with a particular kink to write their kink well. I've found that if I'm pressing my own buttons when writing, I don't care nearly as much about whether it's any _good_ in an objective sense. I suspect it's the same for other people. Hey! Wow! Lipstick and blowjobs and fistfights! I'm there! Who cares if it's not grammatical? Who cares if it makes no sense? There are boys in lipstick fighting and cocksucking in the neighborhood, yo! Ahem. So, when I read mpreg, I often get the sense that the author was so *into* this whole male pregnancy thing that the hey! wow! pregnant Jim! button overwhelmed any good authorial sense they might have had. [9]
I am an advocate for reproductive choice. I am an advocate for trans* rights. I embrace the diverse gender spectrum and a person's right to choose how they identify themselves, whether man, woman or neither. [...] I don't understand the grossed out objections to mpreg. I don't know if it's because it's something normally associated with women's bodies, and so deemed gross, or if it's seen as beneath men somehow. I know it's not even close to being physically possible, but neither are werewolves , for goodness sake. What's wrong with imagining a world where your ability to reproduce isn't exclusive or determined by chance? What's wrong with exploring that subversion of a previously extremely one-sided and gendered experience? I am more disturbed by people's hateful reactions to the very idea of mpreg than mpreg. [10]

Fempreg refers not to all stories in which women are pregnant, but to stories in which conception is due to f/f sex. It is almost vanishingly rare and would probably not have a name if it were not for mpreg's popularity. Xena: Warrior Princess has a rare example of canonical fempreg with Callisto's ghost impregnating Xena.

Another example of canonical fempreg occurs in Kotobuki Tarako's mostly mpreg-filled manga Sex Pistols (published in English language as Love Pistols ). Madarame Makio, a female character, has given birth to two sons by two different fathers and has also sired two more sons with her female partner Tokashiki Karen.

Fandoms with heavy magical elements such as Sailor Moon , Puella Magi Madoka Magica , or Fire Emblem allow f/f pairings to conceive children through spells; these spells may or may not temporarily change the anatomy of one partner. One particular My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic fanfic Out in the Cold has Trixie bearing Twilight Sparkle's foal via a spell that transforms Twilight into a stallion.

Examples of Mpreg in Fanworks

Some of the earliest examples.

  • A Corellian Condition by C.A. Siebert, a Star Wars story in which Han Solo becomes pregnant (1980)
  • The Third Alternative by Billie McIver, a Star Trek: TOS story in which Kirk wants to have a child so he talks Spock into letting McCoy do the procedure that will allow Kirk to carry one. This fanwork appears in The Voice #2 (1983)
  • Comfort , a Blake's 7 story in which Vila Restal has Kerr Avon's baby (1983-4)
  • Duet for Emmanuelle , Archived version by Tounge N. Chicque (1994)
  • Life from the Ashes -- early, long, OTT X-Files AU with Mulder mutated to have sex in his belly-button and frequently pregnant. (Written in 2000.)
  • Misconceptions [11] by Diana Williams -- early, long (60 parts) Highlander AU with Methos becoming pregnant. As Immortals are normally incapable of bearing children, a lot of stories in the fandom tried to figure out ways to give the Immortals children. Sometimes a threesome was required, sometimes the Immortal had to be over several thousand years old, and sometimes...well, things happened. (Started sometime in 2001.)
  • The Seahorse story : Clutch , Incubate , Hatch , and * Nest by Betty Plotnick , a popslash series where Justin Timberlake gets knocked up and lays eggs. (2003)
  • MPREG by Rhys -- a popslash story where men-who-have-children are a group even more unusual than overpaid popstars. ( Trickyfish , 2004)
  • Practicing the Same Religion by Geoviki . Mpreg is a common Harry Potter trope. "Classic Harry/Draco Mpreg. It's the fic that everyone says, 'I don't usually like/read Mpreg BUT… loved this story!'" [12] (2005)
  • I Put a Spell on You (Because You're Mine) a Supernatural story by estrella30 . She describes it as "schmoopy mpreg- wingfic - incest fic", or in other words, a deliberate attempt to write crackfic and still make people like it. (2006)
  • Things That Change by eutychides/ Ociwen /reposoir. One of the most influential, controversial and popular early Drarry mpreg fics. The author posted it under a pseudonym in an LiveJournal account they created solely for the fic, to avoid "the stigmatization of mpreg". Author's Notes . (2006)
  • Bric-a-brac series by Lenore -- a surprisingly popular SGA series that may have made mpreg more respectable to fans.
  • Roo'verse by Tzzzz , an SGA mpreg which is unusual in that the biology of the men being able to become pregnant (a subtype of humans attributed to Ancient experimentation) is that of a marsupial, so the pregnancy does not resemble a regular human pregnancy. [13] (2009)
  • Side Effects by Jane Elliot. SGA story in which, in a relatively rare plot-turn [14] , the pregnant man chooses to terminate the pregnancy. (2008)
  • Surrogate by Seekergeek. SGA story in which John chooses to use a device to become pregnant with Rodney's child because Rodney can't otherwise have a child like he wanted. (2009)
  • For Her For Him by nomdeplume1313. A Fullmetal Alchemist story which the author calls "my best attempt at a plausible MPreg". Involves an explanation of how Edward's transmutation removed his appendix and gallbladder in exchange for growing a "mock uterus".
  • Having My Baby by sparkinside. A Hanson and One Direction crossover fic in which Harry Styles is pregnant by Zac Hanson .
  • Hippocampus by Micah Loden , a Sentinel crackfic gen mpreg that includes the line, "Would I do something like that, Jim? I mean, play around with something as serious as pregnancy, childbirth and gender? That would be messing with some pretty heavy karma."

There has been a resurgence of mpreg stories in Star Trek reboot fandom, with the LJ kirkspock community , alone, recording over 30 stories [15] featuring this trope in the year following the release of the movie. It is likely to be the setting that has caused this upswing in popularity, with a number of writers explaining away the process as either alien biology, or through the use of futuristic technology and medicine. [16] [17]

Mpreg is not an uncommon trope in Naruto fandom, aided in part by the existence in canon of jutsu such as Naruto's Sexy no Jutsu . Some examples from the KakaIru pairing include: megyal 's A Measure of Company (with fanart by jofelly ), Kita the Spaz 's Mission's Gift , and Side Effects , an early example from ChibiRisu-chan .

There are a number of mpreg fanworks featuring Loki of Marvel Cinematic Universe , as in Norse mythology Loki canonically gave birth to a horse, and in comics canon took a female body for a time.

There are also a number of mpreg fanworks featuring Bucky Barnes of the Marvel Cinematic Universe , usually explained as Hydra doing more to Bucky than adding the metal arm. Two of the best examples are The Simple Life by howler32557038 and The New Hole by thefilthiestpiglet .

Mpreg is popular in Voltron: Legendary Defender fandom due to the existence of alien biology; Keith and Lotor are the most commonly featured as pregnant, but some fics have Shiro able to carry children thanks to additional experiments and enhancements by the Galra during his captivity. Trans male Keith becoming pregnant is also a common trope.

  • Papa Don't Preach by eunice & greensilver -- a constructed reality Torchwood / Doctor Who vid.
  • I Swear by dualbunny , sweetestdrain , and greensilver. Smallville with a bit of Batverse vid.
  • Out Loud - Supernatural : Destiel AU where Dean is pregnant from Cas
  • Time after time - Supernatural : Wincest AU where Dean is pregnant from Sam

star trek zine

A very early example, (perhaps the first?) of mpreg art, from the 1980 Star Trek: TOS zine Galactic Discourse #3, artist Linda White. "Bones, would you come to my cabin please? I think it's time you learned the truth about Setarcos." It is a riff on the story Beyond Setarcos

star trek zine

art by Jou . Pregnant!Kirk from the Inheritance Series . The caption reads: Jim is having a terrible, horrible, no good, very bad day. He feels like crap and has to wear XXL uniforms to uh... accommodate his condition.

star trek zine

pregnant elf !Blair manip from Soul Quest #7

star trek zine

In Soul Quest #2, Blair is pregnant (and an elf !). Art by Lorraine Brevig

star trek zine

cartoon by Karen Eaton from BritWit #3, portrays characters from The Professionals

star trek zine

Harry/Draco mpreg by Lillithium , for the 2007 H/D Inspired mpreg fest

  • The Baby Is You , Homestuck parody musical

Meta/Further Reading

  • Sexy Pregnant Men? ("Even if it's tongue in cheek, and even if it's intended to be parody, it's still just so out there that I can't grasp it.")
  • Slash rant, part 17016. by Alara Rogers ("Personally I find the notion of a male body with a baby inside it squicky as hell, but you genderswap the guy and *then* make him pregnant and I'd be happy to read your fic.") (August 2003)
  • The Question of MPREG , Archived version by djinanna (December 2003)
  • In Defense of Mpreg - Mistress Marilyn's POV , Archived version by Mistress Marilyn (2005)
  • a beautiful lifetime event - mpreg and slash , discussion at Fanthropology (February 2006) [18]
  • A review of mpreg fics in the SGA fandom, meta comments , Archived version , by Tzzzz , 05 December 2009. (Accessed 15 December 2009)
  • Mpreg Meta , Archived version by Jane Elliot , 1 January 2011. (Accessed 8 April 2011)
  • Slashcast: Pimp My Fandom: Mpreg by Kriken and wook77 at Slashcast , May 27, 2012
  • Daily Rant: Why I hate Omegaverse/MPREG by sherlockholmes, October 31, 2012
  • The 31 Most Important Pregnant Men Of 2013 , by Katie Notopoulous on Buzzfeed . Includes manips of Nicolas Cage , Justin Bieber , Beetlejuice , Mario & Luigi , Wincest , Larry Stylinson , and others.
  • 14 Questions About Mpreg You Were Too Embarrassed To Ask , by Katie Notopoulous on Buzzfeed . Links to many fanworks, including 1D Mpreg Stories on Tumblr , many works on DeviantArt , and Genesis , although the latter does not actually contain any mpreg.
  • "Mpreg" , thread in Fail Fandomanon post No. 123 - started 27 December 2014 - discussion of appeal
  • What Exactly Is Mpreg? A Male Pregnancy Enthusiast Explains by Mark Schrayber on Jezebel . The piece links to Larry Stylinson fanfiction If We Knew by sweetwinterbabe .
  • MPREG: Why do we like the thing?!
  • MPREG - The Male Pregnancy Emporium - old archive, masterlist
  • Mpreg Archive Mpreg Archive site
  • Mpreg Archive and its related Mpreg Mailing List (The Mailing List was founded March 16, 2001. The Mailing List was maintained by BB and Purplewaterlili.)
  • The Mpreg Archive Forum
  • Mpreg tag at Archive of Our Own
  • Supernatural Sam/Dean mpreg masterlist
  • RPS Jared Padalecki / Jensen Ackles mpreg masterlist
  • hpprego , a Harry Potter mpreg community
  • Merlin Mpreg , a Merlin mpreg community
  • Mpreg themed list for Harry Potter , by painless_j
  • Luna K's Mpreg Fic Recs for Bandom
  • a list of Star Trek Mpreg fiction: Accioslash: Extreme Snarry Hoarder on Insane Journal
  • The MPREG Big Bang
  • ^ One example is Comfort , a 1983-84 Blake's 7 fic. Another example is The Third Alternative by Billie McIver, a 1983 Star Trek: TOS fic.
  • ^ A 2005 panel description at Escapade : "State of Slash Fandom Today (A long time ago, in what seems to be a galaxy far far away, slash fandom used to have taboos. You know, people didn't write chan or mpreg or even het . So how did slash fandom change?)"
  • ^ A fan in 1997 said: "I think my anti-kink along these lines is extreme sweetness and sappiness, or even not-so-extreme if it violates characterization and/or logic and sense. I've never seen male pregnancy done well enough not to violate both of these, and I'm not sure it could be." - a comment on Virgule-L by Shoshanna , quoted with permission (Dec 5, 1997)
  • ^ For further examples of Mpreg in books, movies, television and mythology, see Alchemia 's Mainstream MPreg List , 13 June 2008. (Accessed 09 November 2008) [ Dead link ]
  • ^ Patalliro volume 46, chapter 202
  • ^ comment by grey853 at The Good Old Days...I've been wondering... , September 12, 2015
  • ^ If You Want to Talk About Something Weird, Let's Talk About Geoducks, Not Fanfiction , by Earl Grey Tea
  • ^ Anonymous asked: What are your thoughts on the subject of mpreg in art and fiction? , Cliff Pervocracy, April 6 2016. ( Archived page )
  • ^ noire-atome asked: Genuine question : what's wrong about mpreg ? , 2016
  • ^ discourse levels: reaching critical mass , (alt link) , Lewdcore/Roman, Sept 9 2015
  • ^ Lysator , Erszebet Cronenlynch Bathory, referring to mpreg in general, and specifically the Blake's 7 story Duet for Emmanuelle , Archived version , dated September 11, 1994.
  • ^ comments at Prospect-L , quoted anonymously (August 20, 2001)
  • ^ Tumblr Fandom Secrets , Sept 17 2011
  • ^ Diana Williams. Misconceptions
  • ^ crack_broom: Harry/Draco -Practicing the Same Religion by geoviki (accessed 15 July 2013)
  • ^ Tzzzz. Roo'verse (accessed 15 Dec 2009)
  • ^ Mpreg#Mpreg_Meta
  • ^ mpreg trope tag for stories posted to the LJ kirkspock community
  • ^ Unexpected by ceres_libera (following genderswap from alien intervention) Kirk/McCoy
  • ^ After It All by slash4femme (genetics, test tube baby + artificial womb) Spock!Prime/McCoy
  • ^ title of post is from A Beautiful Lifetime Event , a Stargate Atlantis fic
  • Pages with dead links
  • Tropes & Genres
  • Trope and genre pages needing infobox image
  • 2019 Featured Articles
  • Pregnancy and Parenting Tropes

Navigation menu


  1. List of Star Trek: The Original Series Fanzines

    City. The Clean Zine. Deep Trek. De-Kline. Dilithium Dope. Double Exposure (Star Trek zine) (1972, may be fanfic or letterzine) Dreamlight. Edge of Forever (Star Trek: TOS zine published by Martin Feldman) (1970s, may be letterzine or fiction) Enterprise (Star Trek: TOS fanzine) (fanfic or letterzine)

  2. Star Trek Zine

    Many of the star trek zine, sold by the shops on Etsy, qualify for included shipping, such as: Star Trek Fanzine PASTAK 4 from the Helena Seabright Private Collection; Set of 5 Star Trek Magazines 1990s 1980s Trekkie SciFi Science Fiction Picard New Worlds TV Television Fan Club Pop Culture Starlog;

  3. Spockanalia

    Spockanalia is a gen Star Trek: TOS anthology of stories, poems, articles, art and letters.. It was the very first all-Star Trek fanzine ever published, done when the series was still in its first season on NBC. It was edited by Devra Michele Langsam and Sherna Comerford.Originally meant as a one-shot, it ended up as a five-issue series when the editors were inundated with material after the ...

  4. A History of Zines

    Spockanalia was the first Star Trek zine in 1967, and it was wildly popular. The second issue featured letters from the cast, including Leonard Nimoy. In 1968, Star Trek was to be cancelled after two seasons, but through fan lobbying (part of which was organized through fan zines), the fans were able to get the show back on the air for another ...

  5. Help us find the missing TOS Trek Zines of the 1960s!

    In a painting, darkly. Bjo Trimble's original Star Trek Concordance began as a zine in March of 1969 and covered the first two seasons. The second volume was the third-season supplement, which came out in 1973. The two zines were merged together into one volume and polished for publication by Ballantine Books in 1976.

  6. The Women Who Coined the Term 'Mary Sue'

    The trope they named in a 'Star Trek' fan zine in 1973 continues to resonate in 2019. Jackie Mansky. May 16, 2019 ...

  7. KiScon (Star Trek zine)

    Issue 1999. cover of first issue. The KiScon Zine: 1999 was published May 1999 and has 86 pages. It contains: eleven short stories, fourteen poems, one play and no fanart. Poetry by S.R. Benjamin, Kathy Stanis, Jo'An, Mary Ellen Fisher, Robin Hood, Jacque Renee. All except the play submitted as entries to the KiScon 1999 writing contests.

  8. Category:Star Trek

    This is a list of fanzines devoted to the television series Star Trek. Pages in category "Star Trek" The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total.

  9. Captain's Log Printable Zine : r/startrekadventures

    The primary subreddit dedicated to the "Star Trek Adventures" Tabletop Role Playing Game by Modiphius Entertainment. Captain's Log Printable Zine. I'm back! This time with a new draft of sheets in a printable zine. I designed this zine to be the only thing you need with your captain's log.

  10. Fan-Made Comics: Fanzines with Star Trek comics

    1978. Star Trek: Dragonhunt. First publication of The Dragons of Berengaria, written and illustrated by Brian Franczak. Reprinted in Enterprise Incidents #7 and #8. #4,5,6 1979. Rigel. Rigelian Rum Runner's Press. Contains "Star Bleep II", a cartoon strip by Cory Correll with other fan fiction and art. #7 Nov 1979.

  11. ScoTpress Zine Archive

    This is a growing archive of Star Trek: TOS stories originally published by STAG, ScoTpress and IDIC between 1975 and 1996. Stories mostly involve character interaction in an action-adventure format. It also includes a few stories which are either unpublished or were originally printed in other zines

  12. Ex Astris, Scientia

    Thanks for your interest! endrae: My art preview for @startrekzine , a Start Trek fanzine! Preorders are now live! "Ex Astris, Scientia" is a charity Star Trek zine, focused on celebrating both the Original and Alternate Original Series (TOS and AOS).

  13. Star Trek Fanzines

    The phenomenon of Star Trek fanzines started with Spockanalia, created in 1967 and died out in the late 90s as fan fiction moved to digital platforms (Verba, 2003). The first K/S entry was a two page story called Grup by well-known (in the fanzine community) author Diane Merchant about two unnamed men having sex.

  14. Kirk/Spock Slash Fiction Zine collection

    Physical Description: 1.2 Linear Feet. Date (inclusive): 1978-1986. Abstract: 31 Kirk/Spock slash fiction zines, 1978-1986, based on characters from the 1966-1969 television series "Star Trek", including five issues of T'hy'la, six issues of Naked Times, and five issues of the Out of Bounds series. Access. The collection is open to researchers.

  15. Discovering Fanzines: Online Fanzine Resources

    Star Trek: Kirk/Spock Zine Index One particular - and prolific - subset of fan fiction is known as "slash". Slash refers to fan fiction concerned with homosexual relationships between two or more characters; the first slash fandom detailed a same-sex relationship between "Star Trek" characters Captain Kirk and Mr. Spock, and these so-called "K ...

  16. List of Star Trek TOS Zines Published While the Show First Aired

    Beginning in 1967. Vulcanalia (first club zine newsletter, considered to be the VERY FIRST Trek zine) -- January 1967 - 1969; Pantopon #16 consists entirely of a single Star Trek story, one that was reprinted in the first issue of Spockanalia six months later—February 1967; Bags End Gazette (non-fiction, also contains Tolkien material) -- April 1967 - 1973

  17. Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection

    The Alice J. Mills Kirk/Spock (K/S) Fanzine Collection represents nearly four decades of participation in the Star Trek slash fanfiction movement, from the 1970s until Alice Mills' death in 2015. The collection is primarily comprised of fanzines centered on the Kirk/Spock (K/S) relationship from the original Star Trek television series and ...

  18. Handmade Works of Passion: Zines of the Past, Present and Future

    The exhibit features zines that date back to the 1930s. These include the International Observer, published by early science fiction writers and editors. Others are the first Star Trek zines that helped save the show from cancellation and the Philip K. Dick zines made by Paul Williams, who invented the rock-and-roll zine.

  19. A Brief History of Zines

    The relationship between zines and sci-fi deepened after 1967, when the first Star Trek fanzine, Spockanalia, was produced. It gained plenty of attention, and the second issue included letters by ...

  20. first time 54 star trek zine fanzine TOS The Contest stories fandom

    first time 54 star trek zine fanzine TOS The Contest stories fandom (DAMAGE) vtg. US $4.87Economy Shipping. See details.

  21. Grup (Star Trek: TOS zine)

    Grup was the first adult, or R-rated Star Trek zine. The title is a reference to the show: "Grup" was the abbreviation of "grownup" used in the original Star Trek episode "Miri." From an early ad: "The adult trekzine with the centerfold. Artwork, articles, fiction and poems from Trekdom's best-loved artists and authors." Some Descriptions and ...

  22. Star Trek Finally Answers One of Deep Space Nine's Lingering Dominion

    The question of Betazed's military power has been lingering since the portrayal of the Dominion War in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.That series seeded the power of the Dominion early on and slowly ...

  23. Gotham TV Awards 2024 Winners: Full List

    Zine Tseng, "3 Body Problem" — WINNER. Outstanding Performance in a Limited Series Richard Gadd, "Baby Reindeer" ... Inside the 'Star Trek: Discovery' Series Finale

  24. Summer's End (Star Trek: TOS zine)

    This intense hurt/comfort, Kirk & Spock relationship novella was published in two sections.. The first appeared in the fanzine "Metamorphosis" #1 (1974); the second in "Metamorphosis" #2 (1976); both published by D.T. Steiner. It was originally meant to be a trilogy; as per Steiner's notes at the end of part two: the third part was to have been titled "Fall of Darkness."

  25. Mpreg

    Mpreg (short for male pregnancy) is a plot device in which men become pregnant.It occurs with some frequency in slash and very rarely in het.. In these fanworks, the man who gets pregnant is usually human and cisgender.There is often no explanation for the phenomenon, although it may be explained by magic, medical experimentation, or simply the existence of an alternate universe where men are ...