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10 Fun Facts About the Cast of NCIS

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

NCIS, the show that’s been on the air since 2003, has one of the more recognizable casts on television — and its spent many years at the top of the ratings charts. In spite of that, you might not know much about the stars. Check out these 10 fun facts about the cast of NCIS to learn more.

Gibbs Was Almost Played by…Crockett?

Don Johnson, aka the smooth-as-ice, white-suit-wearing James Crockett of Miami Vice fame, was originally offered the role of lead NCIS agent Leroy Jethro Gibbs. Imagine how different the show might’ve been.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

McGee Is the Creator’s Stepson

Actor Sean Murray, who plays tenderhearted agent McGee, is actually the stepson of Don Bellisario, the show’s creator. His stepsister, Bellisario’s daughter, has played McGee’s sister on the show.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Cote De Pablo Took Language Classes

Cote De Pablo, the Chilean-American actress who plays Ziva, worked with a language coach. This helped her make sure that she spoke Hebrew in an Israeli accent. That’s dedication.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Sasha Alexander Asked to Be Killed Off of the Show

When Special Agent Caitlin (“Kate”) Todd’s character was killed off of the show by terrorist Ari (Ziva’s half brother), fans went a little crazy. They assumed that the actress who portrayed her, Sasha Alexander, had been kicked off the show. It turns out that Alexander wanted out.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Pauley Perrette Really Does Have a Criminology Degree

Actress Pauley Perrette, who plays forensic tech Abby Sciuto, really does have a degree in criminology. No, it’s not forensics, but the fields are pretty close.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Speaking of Abby…That Caf-Pow Recipe

Fans know that Abby is never far from her Big Gulp-sized cup of Caf Pow. In the show, Caf Pow keeps her awake. Caf Pow was really just Hawaiian Punch, which Perrette changed to unsweetened cranberry juice once she cut sugar from her diet.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Daniela Ruah Was a Portuguese Soap Queen

The actress who portrays Kensi Blye was an actress in her native Portugal, appearing in four different soap operas. She even won the Portuguese version of Dancing With the Stars in 2006.

Like Father, Like Son

Have you seen when the show does those flashbacks scenes with Jethro, Mark Harmo’s character, as a young man? Mark Harmon’s real life-son, Sean Harmon, plays the role.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Lauren Holly Almost Played Kate

Actress Lauren Holly auditioned for the role of Kate when producers were scouting for someone to play the character. Producers eventually decided that Sasha Alexander was a better fit.

That Classic “DUN-DUN” Sound Revealed

Fans of the show are well aware of that “DUN DUN” sound that appears during the show just before commercial breaks. The image on the screen turns to a grainy black and white shade before the “DUN DUN” sound booms through. That sound was actually created by show creator Don Bellisario. It came from him hitting a mic with his hand.

star trek return to tomorrow full cast


star trek return to tomorrow full cast

  • Cast & crew
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Return to Tomorrow

  • Episode aired Feb 9, 1968

Leonard Nimoy, William Shatner, DeForest Kelley, and Diana Muldaur in Star Trek (1966)

The Enterprise is guided to a distant, long-dead world where survivors of an extremely ancient race - existing only as disembodied energy - desiring the bodies of Kirk, Spock and astro-biolo... Read all The Enterprise is guided to a distant, long-dead world where survivors of an extremely ancient race - existing only as disembodied energy - desiring the bodies of Kirk, Spock and astro-biologist Ann Mulhall so that they may live again. The Enterprise is guided to a distant, long-dead world where survivors of an extremely ancient race - existing only as disembodied energy - desiring the bodies of Kirk, Spock and astro-biologist Ann Mulhall so that they may live again.

  • Ralph Senensky
  • Gene Roddenberry
  • John T. Dugan
  • William Shatner
  • Leonard Nimoy
  • DeForest Kelley
  • 29 User reviews
  • 13 Critic reviews
  • See more at IMDbPro

Leonard Nimoy, William Shatner, DeForest Kelley, and Diana Muldaur in Star Trek (1966)

  • Captain James Tiberius 'Jim' Kirk …

Leonard Nimoy

  • Mister Spock …

DeForest Kelley

  • Ann Mulhall …

James Doohan

  • Christine Chapel
  • Lieutenant Hadley
  • (uncredited)

John Hugh McKnight

  • Command Lieutenant

Eddie Paskey

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  • Production, box office & more at IMDbPro

Did you know

  • Trivia As a lieutenant commander, Ann Mulhall has the distinction of being the highest-ranking female Starfleet character shown in The Original Series.
  • Goofs Kirk and his crew do not believe that fully functioning android bodies can exist, apparently forgetting their encounters with such beings in What Are Little Girls Made Of? (1966) and I, Mudd (1967) .

Capt. Kirk : They used to say if man could fly, he'd have wings, but he did fly. He discovered he had to. Do you wish that the first Apollo mission hadn't reached the moon, or that we hadn't gone on to Mars and then to the nearest star? That's like saying you wish that you still operated with scalpels and sewed your patients up with catgut like your great-great-great-great grandfather used to. I'm in command. I could order this, but I'm not because Doctor McCoy is right in pointing out the enormous danger potential in any contact with life and intelligence as fantastically advanced as this, but I must point out that the possibilities - the potential for knowledge and advancement - is equally great. Risk! Risk is our business. That's what this starship is all about. That's why we're aboard her. You may dissent without prejudice. Do I hear a negative vote?

  • Alternate versions Special Enhanced version Digitally Remastered with new exterior shots and remade opening theme song
  • Connections Featured in The Moon Is... The Sun's Dream (1992)
  • Soundtracks Theme Music credited to Alexander Courage , although a small part of the theme resembles the main title music for 'Hollow Triumph (1948)' by Sol Kaplan , who is not credited. Sol Kaplan did contribute music to numerous episodes and is so credited when applicable. Sung by Loulie Jean Norman

User reviews 29

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  • Jan 11, 2020
  • February 9, 1968 (United States)
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  • Runtime 50 minutes

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Home > Star Trek > Star Trek > Season 2 > Episode 20

Return to Tomorrow

Star Trek: Season 2

Episode Info

Kirk, Spock and a scientist (Diana Muldaur) temporarily allow a trio of aliens to inhabit their bodies.

Genres: Sci-Fi, Fantasy, Adventure

Network: NBC

Air Date: Feb 9, 1968

Directed By: Ralph Senesky

Written By: John T. Dugan

Where to watch Return to Tomorrow

Buy Return to Tomorrow on Vudu, Apple TV, Amazon Prime Video, Amazon Prime Video.

Cast & Crew

William Shatner

Capt. James T. Kirk

Leonard Nimoy

DeForest Kelley

Dr. Leonard McCoy

James Doohan

Engineer Montgomery Scott

Nichelle Nichols

George Takei

Walter Koenig

Ensign Pavel Chekov

Majel Roddenberry

Nurse Christine Chapel

Diana Muldaur

Ann Mulhall

Roger Holloway

Roger Lemli

Eddie Paskey

Gene Roddenberry

Executive Producer

John T. Dugan

Ralph Senesky

Return to Tomorrow   Photos

Critic reviews for return to tomorrow.

Star Trek : Return to Tomorrow

Produced by

Star trek : return to tomorrow (1968), directed by ralph senensky / gene roddenberry.

  • AllMovie Rating 6
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Synopsis by Judd Blaise

Characteristics, related movies.

2001: A Space Odyssey

image Return to Tomorrow

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Return to Tomorrow

Movie facts.

William Shatner

William Shatner

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Diana Muldaur

Leonard Nimoy

Leonard Nimoy

DeForest Kelley

DeForest Kelley

  • 1 Science Fiction > Hard SF
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star trek return to tomorrow full cast

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James Doohan

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Memory Alpha

Return to Tomorrow (episode)

  • View history
  • 1.2 Act One
  • 1.3 Act Two
  • 1.4 Act Three
  • 1.5 Act Four
  • 2 Log entries
  • 3 Memorable quotes
  • 4.1 Production timeline
  • 4.2 Story and production
  • 4.3 Cast and characters
  • 4.4 Continuity
  • 4.5 Sets and props
  • 4.6 Awards and recognition
  • 4.7 Remastered information
  • 4.8 Video and DVD releases
  • 5.1 Starring
  • 5.2 Also starring
  • 5.3 Guest stars
  • 5.4 Uncredited co-stars
  • 5.5.1 Unreferenced materials
  • 5.6 External links

Summary [ ]

The USS Enterprise is traveling through a region of space hundreds of light years farther than any Earth starship has ever explored. A great, ineffable intelligence has activated her distress signal relays, giving her strong readings yet remaining invisible to her sensors. The crew arrive at a destroyed class M planet – much older than Earth, Spock determines, and long dead, its atmosphere ripped away by some cataclysmic event about half a million years ago . A male voice suddenly speaks, referring to the ship's crew as his "children" and asking them to come into orbit. He admits the unpromising state of his planet , and says strangely that he too is dead – and death will be the fate of mankind too, should they choose not to visit.

Arret remastered

The Enterprise in orbit of Sargon's destroyed homeworld

Act One [ ]

In his captain's log (Stardate 4768.3 – see below ), Captain Kirk states his intention to risk contact; Lieutenant Uhura tells him that the entry will not reach Starfleet for three weeks due to the Enterprise 's distance from known space. Spock's science station probes touch the mysterious planetary speaker, named Sargon , who feeds him the transporter coordinates to a chamber more than a hundred miles beneath the surface. In that deep vastness, Spock detects a serviceable atmosphere and presumes that a landing party should fare well enough. Kirk plans to leave him in command, saying that with this many unknowns " we can't risk both of us being off of the ship. " But Sargon makes his preferences plain by cutting the ship's power completely until Spock is added to the landing party. Kirk now asks Spock to accompany him and leaves Lieutenant Sulu in command of the Enterprise .

In the transporter room , Dr. McCoy , security officers Lemli and Leslie , and Lt. Commander Ann Mulhall have reported for beam-down. Mulhall, an astro-biologist seconded to the operations division , is unknown to Kirk; it turns out that her orders to join the landing party came from Sargon himself. McCoy is apoplectic when he hears Spock's revised approximation of the thickness of solid rock through which the party is to be transported: 112.37 miles. The landing party enters the transporter chamber and take their places on the pads as Sargon announces that he himself will operate the transporter controls. Once energized, only Kirk, Spock, McCoy, and Muhall dematerialize and vanish as the two security officers' pads fail to activate – another one of Sargon's surprises.

Deep underground, the Enterprise landing party materializes in a sort of holding area. After the transport is completed, Spock notices that the security guards have not beamed down with them and the Enterprise contacts Kirk. Scott explains that the men are still with him in the transporter room, and still sounds concerned about the landing party's safety when he says that he says that he does not like what is going on, in spite of Sargon's powers to allow contact with the ship and beaming the landing party through much solid rock. Meanwhile, Spock finds that the walls date from the time of the cataclysm and are made from the strongest, hardest material he has ever come across. Mulhall discovers the atmosphere is only slightly different from that aboard ship.

A chamber opens and the unguarded party enter to discover Sargon – energy without substance, matter without form – housed in a glowing spheroid shell. He gives his guests a little history lesson: 6,000 centuries ago, the humanoids of this planet were spacefarers. They colonized throughout the galaxy . Sargon speculates that a Human creation myth were perhaps two beings of Sargon's race. Mulhall objects to this idea, but Spock picks up on it, saying it might explain away some elements of Vulcan pre-history.

Sargon crew

Astrobiologist Mulhall disagrees with Sargon's history, scientifically satisfied that earth-Human intelligence evolved independent of alien projects

But 1,000 centuries after the colonial heyday came the ultimate conflict. Possessed of minds "infinitely greater" than the landing party's, having goals beyond their comprehension, Sargon's race fought a superwar, unleashing powers to which even nuclear war pales in comparison. And so the masters of the galaxy all but exterminated themselves, and their homeworld for half a million years has lain dead.

Calling Kirk his "son", Sargon exchanges places with him, taking the captain's body from him and storing his mute mind within the sphere. Sargon is thrilled to have a corporeal form again, and states his intention of using Kirk's, Spock's and Mulhall's bodies.

Act Two [ ]

Leading the landing party to an inner chamber, Sargon/Kirk shows them ten other spheres ranged in two rows. His wife Thalassa 's is the only one still aglow on the lower tier. On the upper, one glows as well – Henoch , of the ultimate conflict's "other side." These essences, too, will require hosts, namely Mulhall and Spock. McCoy complains that Sargon is "burning up" Kirk's body – his heart is beating 262 times per minute. Sargon/Kirk says he and his fellows wish to hold the Human and Vulcan bodies only long enough to build "humanoid robots" with methods and skills "far beyond your abilities." Sargon/Kirk staggers back to the main chamber and, again calling Kirk "son," vacates his body. Kirk's metabolism promptly returns to normal. He says his mind's stay in the receptacle was a "floating in time and space." But the intimate proximity to Sargon during the exchange has affected him deeply: " For an instant we were one… I know him now. I know what he is and what he wants – and I don't fear him."

Ann Mulhall

Mulhall offers her body to science

In a briefing room back aboard the Enterprise , the landing party is joined by Scott, whose assistance will be necessary in the construction of "android robots." Kirk will not order their participation. With such mechanical bodies, Spock says, Sargon and company will be able to leave this planet and share their technology. The resulting advances for "mankind" would be a great leap of ten millennia. Scott is won over by the prospect of starship engines being "the size of walnuts"; Mulhall says that in the interest of science she must cooperate. McCoy finds it a suspicious coincidence that the bodies of both the captain and first officer are required for the task ahead and worries that to such "giants" the Human crew must be "insects." Kirk compares the undertaking at hand with the first Earth missions to the Moon , to Mars , to Alpha Centauri , and reminds McCoy that six generations ago surgery was done with scalpels and catgut. " Risk… " he concludes, " risk is our business. That's what this starship is all about. That's why we're aboard her. " Spock, McCoy, Scott, and Mulhall's doubts about the transference are erased after Kirk's passionate speech.

In the medical lab, McCoy and Nurse Chapel oversee the transference. Thalassa, seeing through Mulhall's eyes, at first looks for her husband in Spock, but Sargon draws her attention "here" – in Kirk's body. She approves of his choice of host, finding it similar to the body he lost in the cataclysm. Henoch is pleased with his own host: the Human-Vulcan hybrid has "strength, hearing and eyesight, all far above your Human norms." Spock's body deals better with the transference too, being "accustomed to the higher metabolism"; Henoch stays in it when the others collapse and for the second time Sargon relinquishes Kirk's body.

In the pharmacology laboratory, Henoch/Spock and Chapel make up a metabolic reduction formula which, administered from a hypospray at 10 cc/hr, should allow the three cataclysm survivors to function in their host bodies. Chapel notices that Sargon's formula has been doctored and fears for her captain. Henoch/Spock confirms that he intends that Kirk die – so as to finish off Sargon. Henoch/Spock then telepathically establishes mind control over Chapel, touching his middle finger to her forehead, making her forget about what he just said.

Act Three [ ]

McCoy makes an entry in his medical log (4769.1 – see below ): Sargon is now in his third possession of Kirk's body, Thalassa is back in Mulhall's, and Henoch continues to possess Spock's.

In a science laboratory , Sargon/Kirk and Thalassa/Mulhall are beginning the assembly of their new android bodies. They reminisce, but the lost scenes of their beloved homeworld turn to a cruel reminder of the insensate future that awaits them. Henoch/Spock enters and enjoys the plight of his sorely tempted but morally rigorous opponents. He for one has no intention of relinquishing his host body. Sargon feels the damage he is wreaking on Kirk's inadequately suppressed metabolism, but does not want to worry his wife and soldiers on.

In the medical lab, Chapel conveys Henoch's bogus metabolic readings to McCoy. Mistaking her evident stress for fatigue, he offers to administer the last few doses of formula to the visitors. Alarmed, Chapel insists she will be up to the task.

In the shop, Scott cannot see how the technology of the ancient colonizers is going to work in the android bodies, which must "need micro-gears and some sort of pulley that does what a muscle does." A happy Henoch/Spock appears in the doorway and corrects him: comprehend its workings though Scott may not, the android form will surpass his Human strength and agility by 100%. To Thalassa/Mulhall, though, Henoch's upbeat manner rings hollow: the android form will house her for a thousand years – is that not what a prison does? She feels a tremor of revolt against the impending surrender of her humanoid existence. Might a Human body not after all be her due, given all the good she proposes to bring to mankind?

In the deck six briefing room, Sargon realizes he can no longer ignore the danger to Kirk's body and calls McCoy. Thalassa/Mulhall arrives first and runs the idea of sacrificing Mulhall past her husband. Seeing that the wrongness of the proposition has escaped her, Sargon/Kirk points out the practical difficulties – it will take months, if not years, for the host bodies to grow accustomed to the presence of their essences. She knows that he, too, longs to resume their physical intimacy – the "intertwining" of senses – and kisses him, asking "can robot lips do this?" Fighting temptation as well as Henoch's vapid medicine, he collapses. McCoy and Chapel arrive to find Sargon/Kirk "dead."

Act Four [ ]

USS Enterprise sciences nurse 5

Kirk's vital organs are in good hands, but his mind is trapped in a sphere on the bedside table

McCoy makes an entry in the medical log (4770.3 – see below ). He is sure that Sargon has died, forced to flee the captain's collapsed body, and too far from the receptacle to bring about the exchange of essences. Despite its inhospitality, the vacant body has been brought around in sickbay, its "vital organs now working," as the nurse says.

Henoch thallassa

We can tweak the gender characteristics after you get it up and running, Thalassa

In the shop, Henoch/Spock works on a male-shaped android body. Thalassa/Mulhall wonders why he bothers, since he clearly doesn't plan to return his present body to Spock. He stokes her revulsion, saying the android form is for her – she can occupy it before it has its female features installed. She cannot bring herself to put her consciousness into the android body.

In the medical lab, Thalassa/Mulhall proposes a back room deal with McCoy: she is able to move Kirk's mind back into the functioning body, but she requires that the doctor connive at her keeping that of Mulhall, "whom you hardly know – almost a stranger to you!" Even for such a return, McCoy cannot leave Mulhall to die. Thalassa/Mulhall threatens him, "we can take what we wish… I could destroy you with a single thought!" She projects fire onto McCoy, but soon her godlike posturing disgusts her, and she realizes that physical existence is seductive and corrupting for her kind. Relieved to witness her integrity, Sargon now speaks: he has been sheltering unsuspected in the very fabric of the vessel. Chapel arrives, having been summoned. Thalassa/Mulhall asks McCoy to leave them, stating "Sargon has a plan."

In his study, McCoy is alarmed by a series of explosions from the lab. Unable to enter because the door is sealed, he is calling for aid when Chapel exits – with something plainly on her mind.

Back in the lab, Kirk and Mulhall have regained their bodies. The three receptacles are now charred and burnt out – completely destroyed (it was these McCoy heard exploding). And Spock's mind? Kirk says the loss was "necessary." The urgent task is to terminate Spock's physical form and so put an end to Henoch. Kirk orders McCoy to prepare a hypo fatal to Vulcans.

On the bridge, Henoch/Spock terrorizes Uhura, who screams. He then sits in Kirk's chair and warns helmsman Sulu not to fight him. Chapel stands beside Henoch/Spock. McCoy arrives with Kirk and Mulhall, whom Henoch/Spock stops short by forcing pain upon them near the turbolift . Henoch/Spock then orders Chapel to take McCoy's hypo, the contents of which are known to him from reading McCoy's mind. Chapel is ordered by Henoch/Spock to inject McCoy, which she prepare to do – but suddenly, she injects Henoch/Spock instead. At first he belittles their attempt, but when he senses the undead and powerful Sargon his instinct is to beg. Spock's body collapses, and Henoch flees — but with no host, android nor receptacle at hand, he is destroyed. Chapel swoons, and Spock stands; he is himself again. When Chapel recovers, she explains that she had been carrying (and sharing) Spock's essence (or katra ) which, behind Henoch's back, Sargon had "placed in me." Sargon explains that the hypo, potent enough to "kill ten Vulcans", was a necessary illusion.

Sargon then requests that he and Thalassa borrow Kirk and Mulhall's bodies one last time so he may hold his wife as a living woman before the couple consign themselves to oblivion "forever". The request is duly granted, and Sargon/Kirk and Thalassa/Mulhall share a final kiss. Thalassa/Mulhall tells Sargon/Kirk that oblivion together does not frighten her, and asks him to promise her they will be together — which Sargon/Kirk does. After Sargon and Thalassa have departed, and Kirk and Mulhall are themselves again; Chapel says, with a teary fond look at Spock, that the couple's final kiss was "beautiful."

The Enterprise leaves Arret and continues its exploration of space.

Log entries [ ]

  • Captain's log, USS Enterprise (NCC-1701), 2268
  • Medical log, USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)

Memorable quotes [ ]

" One day our minds became so powerful, we dared think of ourselves as gods. "

" We must have Captain Kirk and you – so that we may live again. "

" They used to say if man could fly, he'd have wings … but he did fly. He discovered he had to. Do you wish that the first Apollo mission hadn't reached the moon , or that we hadn't gone on to Mars or the nearest star ? That's like saying you wish that you still operated with scalpels and sewed your patients up with catgut like your great-great-great-great-grandfather used to. I'm in command. I could order this. But I'm not … because … Dr. McCoy is right in pointing out the enormous danger potential in any contact with life and intelligence as fantastically advanced as this. But I must point out that the possibilities, the potential for knowledge and advancement is equally great. Risk … risk is our business! That's what this starship is all about … that's why we're aboard her! "

" Oh, you are a lovely female. A pleasant sight to wake up to after half a million years. " " Thank you. "

" I'm surprised the Vulcans never conquered your race. " " Vulcans worship peace above all, Henoch. "

" I will not peddle flesh. I'm a physician . " " A physician? In contrast to what we are, you are a prancing, savage medicine man. "

" Spock's consciousness is gone. We must kill his body – the thing in it. "

" Oblivion together does not frighten me, beloved. Promise we'll be together. " " I promise, beloved. "

Background information [ ]

Production timeline [ ].

  • Story outline by John Dugan : early- May 1967
  • Revised story outline by Gene L. Coon : 9 May 1967
  • First draft teleplay by Dugan: 29 June 1967
  • Second draft teleplay: 11 October 1967
  • Final draft teleplay by Gene Roddenberry : early- November 1967
  • Additional page revisions by Roddenberry and John Meredyth Lucas : 18 November 1967 , 20 November 1967 , 21 November 1967 , 22 November 1967 , 24 November 1967
  • Filmed: 20 November 1967 – 28 November 1967
  • Score recorded: 29 December 1967
  • Original airdate: 9 February 1968
  • Rerun airdate: 2 August 1968
  • First UK airdate: 17 August 1970

During the syndication run of Star Trek , no syndication cuts were made to this episode.

Story and production [ ]

  • Writer John T. Dugan wrote the original script of this episode after he had read an article about highly sophisticated robots. In his original draft, Sargon and Thalassa continue their existence as spirits without bodies, floating around the universe. However, Gene Roddenberry , who did an uncredited re-write on the script, changed the ending to the aliens fading out into oblivion. This led to Dugan using his pen name John Kingsbridge in the episode's credits. [1] ( The Star Trek Compendium )
  • Dugan (a devout Catholic) stated: " That line totally went against my philosophy and cosmology, I didn't want to be associated with it. The oblivion idea is Roddenberry's philosophy, not mine. (…) That might be a small thing, but I have a reputation and a philosophy and everybody who knows me knows what I stand for; I certainly don't stand for oblivion in the afterlife. (…) When you write a script, you don't expect to have your "world view" changed by a producer. The rest of Roddenberry's changes were all trivial (…); the big thing was the change in the episode's philosophy. " ( These Are the Voyages: TOS Season Two , p. 529)
  • Dugan's original outline was approved by NBC program manager Stan Robertson on 15 May 1967 , with the conditions that " the highly cerebral portions of the story would be eliminated and the complex nature of the plot would be materially simplified ". ( Inside Star Trek: The Real Story , pp. 331)
  • Robertson also found Sargon's speculation about " your own legends of an Adam and an Eve were two of our travellers " to be sacrilegious and offending to Christian viewers, hence the line by Ann Mulhall stating that " our beliefs and our studies indicate that life on our planet, Earth, evolved independently " had to be inserted into the script. ( These Are the Voyages: TOS Season Two ) (Interesting to note that The Twilight Zone episode "Probe 7, Over and Out" in which Adam and Eve are actually revealed to be space travelers, aired on CBS four years prior.)
  • The names of the Arret survivors have some cultural connections to Earth. In Greek mythology , Thalassa was a sea goddess. Some Assyrian and Mesopotamian kings were named Sargon. In the Bible , the name Henoch appears several times (sometimes spelled "Enoch" or "Hanoch"), including as the father of Methuselah .
  • The name of the planet itself, Arret ("Terra", Earth in Latin , inverted), is never mentioned onscreen, much as Neural , the site of " A Private Little War ", is also unspoken.
  • Joseph Pevney was originally slated to direct this episode; however, he quit the series after " The Immunity Syndrome ", citing the lack of discipline from the actors after producer Gene L. Coon left the show. ( These Are the Voyages: TOS Season Two )
  • The preview of this episode features a different take of the scene just before Thalassa zaps McCoy. In the preview, Muldaur says, " I could destroy you with one thought! " In the completed episode, she says, " I could destroy you with a single thought! "
  • This episode is the latest in any season to feature a new score, albeit a partial one, by George Duning. Parts of the new score would be heard for the rest of the season, including the menacing Henoch cues in " Patterns of Force " and " The Omega Glory ". However, most of this score, notably the love themes, would never be reused in another episode. This sets it apart from other scores, such as those from " Who Mourns for Adonais? " and " Elaan of Troyius ", whose themes would be reused extensively.
  • Still photos of a smiling Spock leaning against a doorway and a non-canonical image of William Blackburn , dressed as the android were used in the end credits of " The Immunity Syndrome ". That episode was produced before this one, but did not go to air until 19 January 1968 .
  • Blackburn told about his experiences filming this episode. Because of his latex android make-up, he could not eat or drink properly during the 12-hour shooting day and had to consume nourishment through a straw. The white, blank eyes of the android were achieved with him simply moving and holding his eyeballs upwards. ( TOS-R Season 2 DVD Special Features)
  • In clips from the second season blooper reel, Blackburn peels off his latex coating with glee and is helped by assistant director Tiger Shapiro , who says, " Well, son, you wanted show business. Goddammit, you got it! " In another segment, William Shatner grabs one of the globes and proclaims, " Have no fear. Sargon is here. " And in another clip, Shatner jumps a line with DeForest Kelley in sickbay by saying, " I'm fine, Bones. " Kelley responds, " Are you all right? " They both crack up laughing. In the next take, they can't even begin to speak before they dissolve into helpless giggles.
  • A still image taken from the blooper above, of Blackburn removing the latex android make-up from his head appears in the end credits of " By Any Other Name ". That episode was produced the week before this one and aired two weeks later, on 23 February 1968 .

Cast and characters [ ]

  • This episode marks George Takei 's return to the series after an absence of some months while filming The Green Berets . His last appearance was " I, Mudd ", which was ten episodes earlier in production order.
  • Dr. Ann Mulhall was portrayed by Diana Muldaur , who later played the roles of Miranda Jones in " Is There in Truth No Beauty? " and Katherine Pulaski in Star Trek: The Next Generation .
  • James Doohan was the voice of Sargon.
  • William Blackburn plays the android that is meant for Sargon's wife.
  • As a lieutenant commander , Ann Mulhall has the distinction of being the highest-ranking named female Starfleet character shown in TOS. However, her operations division uniform will be reused for unnamed female background characters in future episodes (" The Tholian Web ").
  • Walter Koenig does not appear in this episode.

Continuity [ ]

  • It is unclear how Arretan might have inspired the Adam and Eve story on Earth, especially since they ended their galactic colonization before their civil war. Their colonizing period, which occurred 600,000 years ago , is the earliest estimate for the appearance of Homo heidelbergensis , an early ancestor Humans share with the Neanderthals .
  • This is the second time a reference is made in Star Trek about the Apollo moon program , after " Tomorrow is Yesterday ". Filmed more than a year-and-a-half before the first lunar landing, Kirk rhetorically asks McCoy in this episode, " Do you wish that the first Apollo mission hadn't reached the Moon ? " The first manned Apollo mission, Apollo 1 (intended to be a test-flight of the Command and Service Module in Earth orbit only), never flew, since a tragic fire claimed the lives of three astronauts . This happened on 27 January 1967, months before the script was submitted to the production team and a full year before this episode aired. The first Apollo mission in which astronauts orbited – and technically "reached" – the moon was Apollo 8 in December 1968, ten months after this episode aired. However, the Apollo 11 astronauts were the first to "reach" the moon by landing on it in 20 July 1969, after Star Trek was canceled. Kirk's next comments about going " on to Mars and then to the nearest star " seem to suggest that he is referring to the Apollo 11 lunar mission.

Sets and props [ ]

  • One of the fiberglass globes was re-used later as part of the Romulan cloaking device in " The Enterprise Incident ", and for M-4 in " Requiem for Methuselah ".
  • The stand for one of the globes was later turned upside-down and used as a piece of technology on Atoz 's desk in " All Our Yesterdays ".
  • This episode features colorful back lights on the Enterprise sets, mostly green and purple, which were not used since the early episodes of the first season .

Awards and recognition [ ]

  • This episode and its writer, John T. Dugan, earned a Writers Guild of America Award nomination in the category Best Written Dramatic Episode in 1968 . ( Star Trek Inside No. 9 )
  • Director Ralph Senensky nicknamed this episode "The Huge Ping Pong Balls". [2] Senensky also described this episode as "about which the less said the better". [3]

Remastered information [ ]

The Enterprise patrols unexplored space

The remastered version of this episode aired in many North American markets during the weekend of 7 July 2007 . It featured new effects shots of the Enterprise and a new, more realistic version of Sargon's homeworld. It also included shots of the planet matted into interior viewscreen shots. [4]

Video and DVD releases [ ]

  • Original US Betamax release: 1986
  • UK VHS release (two-episode tapes, CIC Video ): Volume 27 , catalog number VHR 2379, 2 July 1990
  • US VHS release: 15 April 1994
  • UK re-release (three-episode tapes, CIC Video): Volume 2.8, 21 July 1997
  • Original US DVD release (single-disc): Volume 26, 19 June 2001
  • As part of the TOS Season 2 DVD collection

Links and references [ ]

Starring [ ].

  • William Shatner as James T. Kirk

Also starring [ ]

  • Leonard Nimoy as "Mr. Spock "
  • DeForest Kelley as "Dr. McCoy "

Guest stars [ ]

  • Diana Muldaur as Ann Mulhall
  • James Doohan as Scott
  • Nichelle Nichols as Uhura
  • George Takei as Sulu
  • Cindy Lou as Nurse
  • Majel Barrett as Christine Chapel

Uncredited co-stars [ ]

  • Android body
  • Frank da Vinci as Brent
  • James Doohan as Sargon (voice)
  • Roger Holloway as Roger Lemli
  • Jeannie Malone as Nurse
  • John Hugh McKnight as command lieutenant
  • Diana Muldaur as Thalassa
  • Leonard Nimoy as Henoch
  • Eddie Paskey as Leslie
  • William Shatner as Sargon (body)
  • Command crew woman
  • Security guard

References [ ]

6,000 centuries ago ; 500,000 years ago ; ability ; Adam and Eve ; agility ; alien intelligence ; alloy ; Alpha Centauri ; answer ; Apollo 11 ; Arret ; Arret native ; Arret system ; artery ; astrobiology ; atmosphere (aka air ); atmosphere report ; attitude ; bed ; best friend ; blood ; body ; body function (aka bodily function ); body temperature ; " Bones "; bottle ; briefing ; briefing room ; catgut ; cc ; century ; children ; choice ; class M ; coincidence ; communication channel ; composition ; consciousness ; conn ; Constitution -class decks ; contact ; coordinates ; crisis ; danger ; day ; death ; degree ; demonstration ; descendant ; diagram ; distance ; distress signal relay ; drawing ; Earth ; energy ; engineer ; engineering ; error ; euphoria ; evolution ; experimentation ; exploration ; eye ; eyesight ; Fahrenheit ; fatigue ; fear ; feeling ; finger ; flesh ; flower ; formula ; great-great-great-great-grandfather ; God ; hailing frequency ; hand ; hearing ; heart ; heartbeat ; heart rate ; hello ; home ; host body ; hour ; Human (aka mankind ); humanoid robot (aka mechanical body or android robot ); hypo ; injection ; insect ; intelligence ; " in time "; jelly ; " just a moment "; kiss ; knee ; knowledge ; lake ; landing party ; landing party duty ; legend ; liar ; life (aka lifeform ); life support ; light year ; lip ; location ; Luna ; lungs ; machine ; Mars ; matter ; McCoy's great-great-great-great-grandfather ; medicine man ; metabolic rate ; metabolic reduction injection ; metabolism ; microgear ; mile ; Milky Way Galaxy ; million ; mind ; minute ; miracle ; mission ; mistake ; month ; muscle ; name ; negaton hydrocoil ; nitrogen ; nuclear age (aka nuclear era ); opportunity ; order ; oxygen ; pain ; patient ; peace ; pharmacology ; pharmacology laboratory ; physician ; place ; plan ; planet ; poison ; power ; prejudice ; prison ; pulley ; question ; race ; receptacle ; rescue ; risk ; rock ; room ; Sargon ; Arretan ; Arretan vessel ; savage ; science officer ; Scots language ; search ; security guard ; sharing ; seed ; sensor probe ; scalpel ; science officer ; scientist ; second-in-command ; security guard ; sensor ; silver ; size ; standard orbit ; " stand by "; star system ; Starfleet ; stranger ; strength ; subspace radio ; subterranean chamber ; surface ; technician ; temperature ; thing ; thought ; thousand ; transporter ; transporter beam ; transporter coordinates ; transporter device ; transporter room ; traveler ; tricorder ; truth ; unconsciousness ; vault ; vital organ ; voice ; vote ; Vulcan ; Vulcan prehistory ; wall ; walnut ; war ; week ; " what in the devil "; wing ; wisdom ; word ; worship ; year

Unreferenced materials [ ]

alien ; illogic ; jungle

External links [ ]

  • "Return to Tomorrow" at
  • " Return to Tomorrow " at Memory Beta , the wiki for licensed Star Trek works
  • " Return to Tomorrow " at Wikipedia
  • " Return to Tomorrow " at , a Roddenberry Star Trek podcast
  • 1 Nick Locarno
  • 2 Sito Jaxa
  • 3 Sabrerunner class

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

  • Table Of Contents
  • Latest Post
  • Return To Tomorrow

FILMED November 1967

September 7, 2012

Eighteen months ago today I posted the PROLOG, my first entry, on this website. In the following weeks, for reasons I explained in that PROLOG, I started this cinema journey by writing of my adventures on STAR TREK, but I only covered six of the seven treks I had made. I omitted RETURN TO TOMORROW with the lame excuse, “RETURN TO TOMORROW, about which the less said the better.” There have been some impassioned Comments regarding this exclusion:

I admit that when I first saw Return, I was in the full, ecstatic glow of having discovered Star Trek, and EVERY new episode was a gigantic adventure and true revelation. While you view the show from the perspective of an established Hollywood veteran professional with high standards for quality storytelling and drama, I see that episode as an essential moment in my adolescent growth!

Are you ever going to do a write-up of “Return to Tomorrow?” From what you say about it here it appears you didn’t enjoy filming it, but I’ve always liked that episode and would love to know more about it.

Return to Tomorrow isn’t represented here and if you don’t want to talk about it, that’s fine. BUT I think there’s a lot to recommend it. … This was my family growing up and I know I’m not alone there.

So I have been left with a burning question: If RETURN TO TOMORROW has left such a very deep impression on many young fans, what is my problem regarding it? That is a mystery, a mystery that intrigues me. So why not hop aboard and come with me as this part of the journey sets out to solve that mystery, as we return to RETURN TO TOMORROW.

Before I continue, I want to make clear that I am not out to bash the show to vindicate my negative feelings. I am not trying to convince admirers of this episode that their affection for it is misplaced. I truly want to discover the reasons for my feelings, and the first one came with the opening of the wall into the large inner chamber.

On paper the receptacle for Sargon was described as being a large translucent globe, glowing with an inner light. To me it looked overwhelmingly like a very large Ping Pong ball. I guess I made my reaction public. Some time ago I saw an interview of James Doohan (Scotty) on the internet, and he laughingly recalled that I had referred to the receptacles as large Ping Pong balls.

When we filmed the scene where Sargon inhabits Kirk’s body, I recognized Bill’s performance had taken it to the limits, but I still found it acceptable. When viewing the scene in the completed film, I have always been uncomfortable with it. Bill seemed to be doing a vocal imitation of the stentorian performance of James Doohan, who had acted Sargon’s voice-over in the show’s opening scene and the scene in the chamber when the group first encountered Sargon in the receptacle. Which is ironic, because Bill wasn’t copying Doohan’s performance; Bill’s performance came first. When James recorded his performance in postproduction, he was modeling his interpretation on what Bill had done. I now recognize there is a distinct difference in the timbre of the voices of the two men (Bill’s voice is a baritone while Doohan’s voice is a bass) and once the transference has taken place and it is Bill’s voice representing Sargon, I still hear Captain Kirk speaking, not Sargon. Doohan, when he did his original recording of his scenes (the opening scene in the Bridge and the later scenes when he was in the receptacle) had used the speech pattern and rhythm that Shatner used in the scene when Sargon occupied Kirk’s body. During Doohan’s early acting career he had appeared on some 4,000 radio programs, a medium where the voice was the only means an actor had to express his performance, and Doohan became a master. What ideally could have been done in post production was to have taken Doohan onto the looping stage and recorded him doing Sargon’s speeches in the scenes when Sargon occupied Kirk’s body and replaced Shatner’s voice with HIS voice. But the added time plus the added expense it would have taken to complete the film (Doohan’s voice should have been overlaid on ALL of the scenes in the film when Kirk’s body was the receptacle for Sargon) would have been prohibitive.

RETURN TO TOMORROW was the fourth film I directed in the second season of STAR TREK, and it was the third film under the new Paramount regime with its imposed restrictive shooting schedule demanding films be completed in six days with the added restriction that each day would end at 6:12 pm. Leonard Nimoy in his Archives of American Television interview discusses the stress and tension this earlier quitting time brought to the set (although he states incorrectly that the quitting time was 6:18 pm).

By the latter sixties television’s voice delivering any sort of message had pretty much been muted. Action had replaced the thoughtful dramas of TV’s Golden Age. That was why STAR TREK was so unique. It could comment on current issues using them as adventures of the future. But STAR TREK many times went a step further, becoming prescient in presenting our dreams for the future. Kirk’s speech about space is an example. It was written and filmed two years before Neil Armstrong walked on the moon.

In spite of Paramount studio’s cutting almost a half-day from the shooting schedule, Jerry Finnerman’s photography remained exemplary. His lighting as always continued not only to light the bodies, but it illuminated the inner drama.

Unlike the problem I described above with Bill’s portrayal of Sargon having to be compared to James Doohan’s voice-over performance of the same character, the character of Henoch only appeared as Leonard presented him. What I appreciated so much in Leonard’s performance of this totally evil man was the way he charmingly played against the evil. That is something in which I so strongly believe. Charming evil is so much more effective.

Just like with William Windom, the first time I became aware of Diana Muldaur was when I saw her in a John Houseman stage production when his theatre company was based at UCLA, and I cast her in an episode of I SPY. A few months later I cast her in RETURN TO TOMORROW. Diana was a strong actress, a beautiful woman with that cool quality that Hitchcock used so effectively in the women in his films. She would return in a different (and better) role the following season of STAR TREK and later would become a regular on the next STAR TREK regeneration.

Note the author credit on the title page of the script:

The author screen credit on the final film was:

Gene Roddenberry had rewritten John T. Dugan’s script to the extent that he felt he had earned full teleplay credit, with Dugan retaining credit for story. Obviously when it was submitted to the Writers’ Guild for arbitration, they found in favor of Dugan and awarded him full author’s credit. But Dugan was unhappy with the final script as rewritten by Roddenberry and according to the procedures of the Writers’ Guild replaced his name with the alter ego name, John Kingsbridge.

I was not aware until I started my website of the writer conflict on this episode, but even as we filmed, I was aware of my conflicted feelings on the resolution of the drama. I never saw John T. Dugan’s original script. I do not know how his version ended, but his renouncement of credit for the film indicates his very strong objection to Roddenberry’s version.

I think this is the final piece of the puzzle of my problem with the film. There was something profound in Sargon’s desire to return after centuries to help humanity. Question: But with his overwhelming intelligence, his enormous power, why did Sargon so readily turn his back on his mission to help mankind and consign himself and Thalassa to an eternity that only provided for their being together forever. There is no conclusion to the original situation of the world encountering fascinatingly unbelievable intelligence from eons ago. The lack of that closure is what I miss.

I think I have resolved my feelings about RETURN TO TOMORROW. I realize that even flawed, the fascination and power of Dugan’s original concept has managed to survive. I will no longer assign the film to my spam box, and it and THE THOLIAN WEB will have to compete forever to avoid being at the bottom of my favorite STAR TREK list.

The Journey Continues

48 Responses to Return To Tomorrow

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Thank you, Ralph, for finally writing about this episode. I watched it again just the other night, in fact.

I’ve always found it provocative and entertaining. Love Kirk’s “If a man was supposed to fly…” speech, Diana Muldaur, and charming/evil Spock/Henoch. And George Duning’s original music score is pretty great, too.

Speaking of music: Did you stay involved through the editing of the score into this (and other) episodes? Or was it all done separately without the director’s participation?

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Hi Larry: On STAR TREK I was not involved in the music in post production.Earlier on DR. KILDARE I had been, and I was very involved on the movies I made for television. I loved doing that, but in episodic television, by the time they got to doing the music, I was somewhere else filming.

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Many thanks again, Ralph, for providing an insightful glimpse into another Trek episode. I’ve always enjoyed the performances in this one. I read somewhere that in dailies after viewing Kirk’s “Risk is our business” speech, Bob Justman turned to his side and said, “That’s what we pay him the big bucks for.” Or words to that effect. Everybody always talks so much about the cast. Was there anyone on the crew you particularly got on with or who you thought did a really fantastic job? Thanks so much and I hope to A) catch you on another show or movie page here and B) keep enjoying your one a day-ers. Fanfare – this is, of course, the 46th Anniversary of Star Trek’s premiere. How did I celebrate it? By watching Kirk’s speech from above FIRST and THEN opening my e-mail and finding you discussed it! It was terrific. Have a great day!!! LL & P.

Actually the “That’s what we pay him the big bucks” line was said by Gene Coon after Bill’s impassioned speech about love to the Companion (the cloud) in METAMORPHOSIS. As to your other question, Jerry Finnerman because of STAR TREK became one of my closest friends. He was an incredible director of photography, a true artist who painted with light. I feel that Jerry has not been given his full due on his enormous contribution to the series and that also applies to producer Gene Coon, who left the show a third of the way through the second season.

My mistake. Thanks for clearing that up, Ralph. I hope these wonderful artists receive their due. Trek fans are really into the details so maybe the uber-talented behind the scenes folks will do just that and rightfully so. See you on the next episode whatever show it is!

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“Have no fear…Sargon is here!” – an amusing crack by Bill Shatner during one of the ‘Star Trek’ blooper reels.

Ralph, your blog is a priceless window back to some of the shows I watched as a kid.

Regarding ‘RTT’, it was so cool how you did the abrupt cut to from Kirk in sickbay to the Uhura scream scene…even when you know it’s coming, it never gets old. Plus, we must use our imagination to figure out what ‘bad’ Spock did to her.

Ralph, will you be reviewing ‘Nanny & the Professor’ soon? I loved that show and just watched one of your episodes, “E.S. Putt”, at What golf course did you film at? There’s a gorgeous shot of a mountain in the distance while looking down the first fairway.

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Most sources I know say that Gene Coon left the series because 1. he was worn out by the overwhelming task of producing (and writing and re-writing) such a very demanding series and 2. he wanted to try out his hands (and typewriter) on different projects (notably It Takes a Thief). Years later he co-wrote an unsold pilot produced by Gene Roddenberry.

As of Return to Tomorrow, I think the final screenplay is much of GR’s work, as it’s full of “Roddenberrisms”, Kirk’s inspirational speech for example.

Mitigating circumstances would question your statement, “I think the final screenplay is much of GR’s work”. If Roddenberry did indeed claim full authorship as the title page indicates, John T. Dugan had the right to request the matter be submitted to the Writers Guild for arbitration. The original script and all of the subsequent rewritten versions would then be sent to the Guild, where they would be assigned to a Guild member. My friend Max Hodge told me he served as an arbitrator several times. His duty was to read all of the scripts and then provide the final allocation of credit. The fact that Roddenberry did not receive even a co-authorship credit indicates the Guild found his contribution to be less than that required for him to even receive co-authorship credit. The final credit, Written by John Kingsbridge, indicates Dugan chose, for whatever personal reasons, to use his alternate name registered with the Guild.

I guess you are right.

This reminded me of a famous story in connection with Star Trek. When Harlan Ellison wrote “The City on the Edge of Forever” (which many people claim to be the best episode of the original series), his screenplay was deemed to be too expensive to produce on a TV budget and had other problems as well. Gene Roddenberry and Dorothy Fontana did heavy rewrites on the script, which harshly angered Ellison. (There is a debate on the subject, my personal opinion is that the rewrote episode is better than Ellison’s original material.)

So, Ellison wanted to use his registered pen-name “Cordwainer Bird” in the credits. However, Roddenberry knew very well that the science fiction community is much aware of the meaning of this name. If the episode goes under “Cordwainer Bird”, all sci-fi writers would know, they shouldn’t write for Star Trek, as their work is butchered by the producers. So (according to Justman and Solow), Roddenberry went to Ellison and told him that he will “never work in this town again” if he uses the pseudynom. The episode has the credit “Written by Harlan Ellison”.

Ellison got his revenge when he subjected his original screenplay for the Writer’s Guild awards, and he won the prize for Best Dramatic Teleplay. And he is a harsh critic of Star Trek and Roddenberry up to this date.

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I have to say, I can’t believe Roddenberry was responsible for the “risk is our business” speech. Admittedly my test for this is unscientific: I hated just about all the episodes where Roddenberry got a writing credit, and I really love that speech, so I assume that it came from Dugan.

Either way, I think it is above par for Kirk’s inspirational speeches. What he says about the willingness to take risks is still relevant–even more relevant, I would say–in 2012.

I am interested to hear, Ralph, that you were not involved with doing the soundtrack–because that’s the only quarrel I would have with that scene. And with many other scenes, where Shatner is going along just fine without any help and all of a sudden HERE COMES THE THEME MUSIC!

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Let me add my thanks for your taking the time to write about this episode. It’s fascinating to read your emerging understanding of your conflicted feelings about its quality. Your assessment of Shatner’s performance as Kirk was possessed by Sargon is right on: it is perhaps the most “Shatnerian” of performances throughout the series. I know now, however, that when we young ‘uns watched Star Trek in the 60s, we ate up Shatner’s ham and bean meals! We LOVED Kirk’s passion and pacing. We were positively stirred by those empassioned, halting speeches. Interesting that I cringe a bit today watching the Sargon possession take place, while I thrill every time I see the “risk is our business” speech. Both Shatner, both generously over the top, but with different results in my take on performance quality. I’m also very interested in your observation about the soft conclusion to the story. It never occurred to me. I had always accepted that because the body transfer had gone so badly, Sargon knew that his plan to bring his knowledge and wisdom to the galaxy was just a bad idea. But I see now that such a ages-old smart dude should probably have been able to come up with a better way.

Your courage in taking on a review of your RTT experience makes us all smarter! Please know that many, many of us count the viewing of that episode as a joyous, formative, central experience in our young lives. (I can’t explain why, Ralph, but just accept that it is!) And, yes, that’s due in part to provocative themes, memorable acting, Finnerman’s beautiful pictures…and your skill at whipping up the best story possible out of the material given to you.

(I have to also say…Diana Muldaur, in both of her Trek performances and in other TV shows of the era, radiated an uncommon beauty and intelligence. That can’t be “acted,” or “directed,” as far as I can tell, so I have always had a real fondness for that lady.)

Make that “such AN age-old smart dude”…sorry for the error!

Thank you for posting about RETURN TO TOMORROW. I can understand your frustration with being unable to realize your vision due to the new (and insane) constraints imposed by the shooting schedule. And of course when Gene Roddenberry rewrote something he rarely improved it.

All I can say is, I thought it was one of the more touching and thought-provoking episodes Star Trek ever did. I personally liked the fact that Shatner did Sargon’s voice while Kirk was embodying Sargon; it made the whole thing just weird enough, and it was consistent with the way Thalassa and Hanek’s embodied voices were handled. And although I agree that Shatner’s performance of first being possessed by Sargon is right on the edge between awesome and awful, I still wouldn’t give it up.

The ending is very rushed, especially the part where Spock dies and is restored to life. But it did give us Sargon and Thalassa’s farewell, which is a beautiful moment (though we perhaps didn’t need to see Chapel squeeing over it).

Also, as a female fan, I really appreciate Diana Muldaur’s performance as Mulhall. She was the first of the female guest stars who was credible to me as a scientist. So thank you for casting her.

Thanks for the writeup!

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Wonderful website, Ralph, and thank you for finally clearing up the mystery about your feelings related to “Return to Tomorrow.” Much appreciated.

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It is interesting to note that the “Risk is our business” speech inspired Jason Alexander from Seinfeld to pursue acting according to an interview:

I also like Deforest Kelley’s table slamming devil’s advocate point of view preceding Kirk’s speech.

Thank you, Paul. I appreciate when Comments are left that add interesting information to the excitement of my journey.

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I’ve just rewatched this episode today, and it was much better than I remembered. The acting is a bit far-fetched, I agree, but overall, the episode has an interesting sci-fi concept, a nice premise, some great “Roddenberry touches”, and Nimoy plays a villain just perfectly. And it gave me the real “facing the unknown” feel, which Metamorphosis also has. Anyways, I think you’ve got the “lucky straw”, the next episode was the awful “space Nazis” one, which Vincent McEveety had the misfortune to direct.

For some reason, this episode got itself into popular culture. In the 1996 sci-fi comedy Space Jam, Michael Jordan gives a glowing alien basketball to his NBA colleagues, and one of them responds, “That looks like something out of Star Trek.” Also, in an episode of Criminel Minds, characters are talking about this episode.

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Space nazis?

“Patterns of Force” was a terrific conceit even though its execution in the script was not the best. I thought McEveety (who did spectacular, iconic work directing “Balance of Terror”) handled the wide variety of scenes and relatively large cast size extraordinarily well, especially considering this was after Paramount took over and instituted the five and a half day shooting schedule. (Rumor has it that new producer John Meredyth Lucas, whose script this was, allowed the shooting to proceed at a somewhat more leisurely pace than Paramount would have liked–still, an extra half day isn’t much.)

“Patterns” fell short in making Professor Gill something of a non-character, and in introducing the villain of the piece, Melakon, only in the episode’s penultimate scene. Still, the idea is a fascinating one, much of the episode is well-written, and the several bouts of humor peaking with Spock climbing on Kirk’s back in order to escape their jail cell is genuinely funny while drawing the humor out of the nature of each actor’s character.

A tip of the hat to McEveety for “Patterns, for getting the best out of a problematic script and the good half dozen guest stars.

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Thanks for sharing your thoughts about this episode. I actually never had a problem with Sargon’s voice, because it made sense to me that Sargon’s disembodied voice would be different than his voice as produced by Kirk’s throat. I thought the voice of Sargon-in-Kirk SHOULD sound partly like Kirk’s own voice, since it was produced with his vocal chords, after all. So I think that one’s a feature, not a bug. 😉

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Are you kidding me? You can’t figure out why this episode is so powerful? It’s a love story with one of the best endings ever, about the virtue of sacrifice – and nobility. Fabulous message. And that ‘risk’ speech – still gives me goose bumps. One of the more adult-themed episodes. Gets better the older you are when watching it too.

And as I get older and further away from the traumas that accompanied the making of the film, it is easier for me to see its worth. I am waiting with bated breath for Marc Cushman’s second season edition of THESE ARE THE VOYAGES, due out in November, to read his detailed and unvarnished presentation of the story of the making of the film.

Speaking to your comment here, and your remark in the body of the essay:

Question: But with his overwhelming intelligence, his enormous power, why did Sargon so readily turn his back on his mission to help mankind and consign himself and Thalassa to an eternity that only provided for their being together forever. There is no conclusion to the original situation of the world encountering fascinatingly unbelievable intelligence from eons ago. The lack of that closure is what I miss.

According to Marc Cushman in volume 2 of These Are The Voyages, that is very much the reason why author Dugan, a deeply spiritual man, wanted his name off the script. He was profoundly dismayed by Roddenberry consigning Sargon and Thalassa to oblivion rather than a continuing existence of some kind. If I am recalling Dugan correctly, he believed strongly that souls continue beyond the body, and so could not effectively ‘approve’ of Roddenberry’s altered ending of Dugan’s script by keeping his name on it.

The ending as filmed also bothered me very much when I re-watched the episode for the first time in two decades. Minds as remarkable as Sargon and Thalassa, who had managed to survive in spheres for half a million years, would surely be able to build suitable android bodies from which to create more advanced vessels to inhabit that would be capable of tactile and other sensation, not to mention capable of carrying out Sargon’s stated altruistic mission. A very unsatisfying resolution, as written. It also deprived us of a return engagement with two of Star Trek’s more intriguing aliens!

Many thanks, Ralph, for your fascinating posts. If you have a moment, it’s my understanding from Cushman’s books that a Star Trek director would have all of a week to prepare a shoot. I’ve seen the script pages you’ve included here, of course; is there any place in which you write in detail about what that week of preparation entails? Is it largely a close reading of the script, breaking it down shot by shot, figuring which scenes you need to shoot out of order, and when… and so on?

Hi Blair: To try to answer your question, at that time a director’s contract for an episode stipulated 6 days of preparation and 7 days of filming. The 6 days of prep were devoted to casting, scouting locations in those films that required filming outside of the sound-stage — locations off the lot (as in BREAD AND CIRCUSES and THIS SIDE OF PARADISE) and exteriors using buildings on the lot (BREAD AND CIRCUSES). Once those matters were in place, I started at the beginning of the script, staging scene by scene and shot by shot. As I’ve stated elsewhere on this website, although I am not proficient at drawing, I had a method of creating a storyboard in my director’s script of the film. There was no planning on my part for which scenes were be shot out of order. Everything was shot out of order.

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I just revisited this site as my 13-year old daughter is now interested in Star Trek. Your comments here and regarding the other episodes that you worked on are just fascinating. It is ironic that you said that you did not have a say on the music scores, as I first noticed your episodes because quite a few of them had scores by George Duning; I guess SOMEONE saw that his work worked very well with yours, as he wrote very sensitive scores, and you seemed to be the ST director who inbued the most inter-personal sensitivity into the usual Sci-Fi action. And right on regarding Finnerman: I had read somewhere that he used black-and-white film techniques (in terms of highlighting) to shoot color, and that (and the use of colored gels and light masks) gave his work such a dimensional quality.

Jerry did indeed use black and white technique (cross lighting) in lighting color. But so did all of the great cameramen — those older ones who had moved into television from film and the younger ones (like Finnerman, William Spencer, Ted Voigtlander et al) who had been operators in film and moved up to directors of photographer in television.

Oh my…thank you for replying so quickly, Mr Senensky! (my computer does not update as fast as you respond, so I am only seeing this now) Super correct about Voigtlander, who did great work in B&W (Ben Casey) and color (Little House on the Prairie). But I remember watching hour -after-hour of crime dramas (because my dad had control of the TV!) that-no doubt due to time constraints-all had that flat, generic lighting. For someone like me, I thought the funniest joke in the move “Airplane!” was Joe Biroc’s cinematography, which faithfully reproduced that generic ’70s era TV lighting! [sorry, I know I’m getting off-topic]

(Okay, I promise this is the last time I mention The Next Generation – and of course I insist that the original series was always far superior.) When TNG started in 1987, Roddenberry and Bob Justman hired a talented cameraman, Edward R. Brown to shoot the series. (If I’m correct, they originally wanted to hire Jerry Finnerman, but he was busy doing Moonlighting. They probably hired Brown, who was around the same age, because their styles were very similar.) Brown photographed the series in its first two seasons, and did an excellent job with cross-lighting, and shadows, etc. He was even nominated for an Emmy – and, in a strange twist of fate, he competed against Finnerman! (Neither of them won, however.) But the younger producers, who step-by-step took over, saw Brown’s cinematography as “too dark” and having “too much shadows”, “making the sets look cheap”, etc. When hack Rick Berman took control over the series in season 3, he fired Brown and replaced him with a younger cameraman, Marvin V. Rush. Rush did just what Berman wanted – completely soft and flat lighting, throwing in lights everywhere, making everything clean and lifeless, making the show look like a daytime soap opera. It’s such a shame…

Also, Hungarian cameraman Lajos Koltai, who worked a lot in Hollywood, told a story recently. When he worked in his native country, Koltai was known for his stylistic and very dark cinetamography, with lots of shadows. When he got his first job in the US, as DoP on a big budget Disney feature, the remake of Born Yesterday with Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson, Koltai flew overseas to do some test shots. After watching the dailies, the producers confronted him: “We’ve paid many millions of dollars to get these stars for our movie. So we want to SEE THEIR FACES on the screen!” Koltai got their message, and photographed the film in a conventional, flat way, unlike his previous work. When later he dined with famous Italian cameraman, Vittorio Storaro, he asked him about this film. Storaro replied, “It was nicely photographed. But one thing is missing from it: you, Lajos!”

Sorry for the long comment…

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found and came across this site. It is very informative and interesting to hear about all your personal accounts with directing Star Trek. Thank you so much for sharing your personal experiences with this classic show.

With that being said, Mr. Senensky, I remember reading the background of all the episodes and always regarded all your contributions to Star Trek highly. Like so many others, I am glad to come across this wonderful site and hear your perspectives on the episodes you did helm.

Being a fan of the original Star Trek from the 80s on, I used to always wonder how it was like to direct an episode of the show. Im sorry about your bad experiences and disagreements on this episode. Completely different than the previous episodes.

I’m sure many of fans and readers on this site are very curious about how your relationship was to the producers and actors on this legendary show. Sounds to me with the shortened filming schedule per episode, tensions were perhaps higher between the cast and crew. Just curious to know how your relationship was with each of the stars and co-stars of the show. Such as did you have problems with Shatner’s ego or the competition Shatner and Nimoy had? Was Kelly just laid back and down to earth from your experiences? How were Doohan and the other co-stars like and how was your working relationship with them? Was Takei at odds with Koenig for being the new kid on the block and “stealing” episodes? To put it simply, What kind of camaraderie and tensions did you have with and see with the cast and crew?

Sorry for the long comment. THank you so much for your time. I praise your direction and your contributions to Trek are greatly appreciated. Thank you so much for everything.

First let me correct something you wrote: “I’m sorry about your bad experiences and disagreements on this episode.” It was NOT a “bad” experience — merely a disappointing one, as it always was if a production did not live up to my expectations. And there were no disagreements on the set. True the shortened restrictive schedule imposed by Paramount added pressure — to everyone — but professional producers, directors, actors absorb that pressure as they continue to do their jobs. RETURN TO TOMORROW was the fifth STAR TREK I directed. By that time there was a working professional relationship between me and the cast. Rather than the tension caused by the added pressure creating problems, there was a team effort and cooperation to overcome the difficulty. The other questions you raise about possible problems between cast members — there may have been some, but again actors come to a set to give a performance. That is where their attention and energy goes. I can truthfully say I saw no manifestations of that sort of behavior between cast members.

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Mr. Senensky – Thank you for the hard work you put in, not only the series, but this thoughtful and fascinating blog. As a fan of Star Trek TOS, it gives that ‘Fly on the Wall’ ‘You Are There’ feel. It’s much a kin to Marc Cushmans instant classic These Are The Voyages – Season One. Season Two will be released in days, and I cannot wait! On this episode RTT …. not a fav. I agree with your comments on it. I think you did the best you could with the material. On a totally different subject, what are your impressions and memories of Lucille Ball. I’ve always been fascinated by her contributions to the TOS. Again, Sir … Thank you ! All the Best..

I too am awaiting impatiently the arrival of Marc Cushman’s second season of THESE OF THE VOYAGES. As for Lucille Ball, I never met the great lady. I was a big fan long before I LOVE LUCY and Desilu Studios. I remember years ago reading in a review that Lucille Ball was born to play the roles Ginger Rogers was getting. If you are not acquainted with her work pre-LUCY, I suggest you view THE BIG STREET, BEST FOOT FORWARD and THE DARK PAST. Once you see those I’m sure you’ll look up more of the great things she did way back then.

Thanks for responding Mr. Senensky! – I would say that that The Big Street is one of her best performances. What a Bi#/+ ! On another subject, tell me a little more about Diana Muldaur. I always thought she was so beautiful and what a great voice and “presence’ … kind of wasted in RTT …. again thanks for your time and insights! Take Care!

Since I don’t text, I have to ask what does Bi#/+ mean? You are so right about Diana Muldaur. I obviously felt the same way. I had seen Diana in a theatre production directed by John Houseman and cast her in an episode of I SPY. Then RTT followed the next year by her best STAR TREK role in IS THERE IN TRUTH NO BEAUTY. I also directed her in a BANYON, SEARCH, JUDD FOR THE DEFENSE She was a total professional. Always brought intelligence as well as her beauty to the roles she played. And if you haven’t found it yet, do look at the second STAR TREK. There she was not wasted.

Sir – I was referring to Lucys character in The Big Street. .. her character was a real bitch. I guess I should have just written that to begin with. Sorry ! I’m curious if you’ve seen either of the new Star Trek movies. Either 2009 or last years Into Darkness. .. if so … what’s your take….if not. ..would you be interested in seeing them? Thanks ! All the Best ..

I did not see either of the the two STAR TREK films in a theatre. I do have DVDs of both of them. I have viewed the earlier one. I’ve viewed the beginning of the later one and will get to it some day. My take? Let’s say there is a generational gap!

I can agree with that. I liked the first one much more than the second. My wife, who’s never appreciated Star Trek like I do, really likes it though. Leonard Nimoy, who as you know, Directed 2 Trek movies, said a while back that he could never Direct a film like the new Treks. He said that there are just so many new Technical things to deal with involving the Special Effects etc, that he would be out of his element. Unfortunate! 2016 will be the 50th Anniversary of Star Trek, which began as a series in 1966. I’ve been saying to anyone that will listen, that I hope that they can make quality time in the planned 2016 Star Trek film, for as many of the original Actors as possible. In a wheel chair, on a cot, filmed wearing a red shirt at the Motion Picture Country home if necessary ! Obviously I’m attempting to be funny, … but with serious undertones. This next film will probably be the last chance to gather together “our heros’ Shatner… Nimoy… Nichols.. Takei..Koenig… but I want even more. I would like some of the other actors who appeared in the series in the new movie too. Eddie Paskey… Billy Blackburn…. John Winston… These folks and so many more contributed to make a classic, I hope that they will get the chance to ‘Explore strange new Worlds” again. And maybe the Producers can consult a certain Director, who’s Directed 7 classics, on how to bring a little more “Trek’ back to Star Trek. Take Care Mr. Senensky … Again Thanks for this Great site, and the opportunity to communicate with someone of your stature!! Awesome…

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Curses! Now I, too, think of the things as big ping-pong balls.

As for the ending, I’m not surprised. Nor was I when I saw it as a teen. I suspect it was forced by the studio execs who were afraid of change. Given the level of technology Sargon and Co represented, they couldn’t be allowed to stick around and give the Federation a sudden boost which would have them practically ruling known space in a few years.

If this seems far fetched, consider THE CHANGELING. This is one of my favourite episodes, but I cannot shake the feeling that Kirk’s bungling should have seen him be demoted. See, a commanding officer, in whichever branch of the service, has to be able to think fast on his feet. Yet, Kirk lets a golden opportunity to obtain frighteningly advanced tech (remember, something the size of a water cooler stood up to the Enterprise’s most powerful weapon and nearly trashed the ship in return) slip through his fingers. I’m not Starfleet Command material yet it occurred to even me that Kirk should have ordered Nomad to allow Scotty to do a full scan of the probe’s inner workings “because I, as your creator wish to see what changes were made to my design since the accident with The Other”. There’s no way Nomad could logically refuse and the federation would have gained huge insights. But, no, not for the first time, kirk blew it. Ditto in the first movie where V’Ger disappears into the next plane of existence without leaving behind a Federation-equivalent of a flash drive with its accumulated store of knowledge for Starfleet scientists and engineers to pore over.

This why though I didn’t much care for the VOYAGER series per se, I loved the fan-made virtual VOYAGER seasons 8 & 9 as these were free of studio interference and they had the Federation using tech from all the aliens they’ve run into to build ships even the Borg were scared of.

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Ralph, This was the first Star Trek episode I watched. I remember lying on the floor in my Grandfathers living room on a visit to him in Knoxville and when it came on I was mesmerized. I’ve been a fan ever since. Hope you are doing well, and it’s hard to believe it’s been 10 years since we worked together in “Randy’s House”.

Pingback: Star Trek – Return to Tomorrow (Review) | the m0vie blog

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Ralph, I had no idea that you directed this very episode. In fact, Kirk’s speech about the unknown is so well-known, look at what computer graphics did for Bill’s performance.

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I didn’t see them as ping-pong balls. At some point I started seeing them as round lava-lamps. I’m afraid I’ll never get over that.

Maybe it’s because you only look at them for about an hour. I looked at them for 6 days.

Since you mention the six days – I find myself in awe that you and other directors can accomplish all you do in terms of prep in such little time, not to mention the actual filming in much the same time span. Reading your blog has been a real eye-opener on the time crunch TV production puts on the people involved. I’m sure it got easier as you did production after production, but the amount of work, to me, is still staggering. You have my admiration for your work ethic and your energy.

Marleen, you misunderstood. Two productions were working at the same time. One director was filming (6 days); another director was prepping (7 days). But everything else you stated was true. Just the actual filming of a show like RETURN TO TOMORROW in 6 days was daunting.

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Ralph, it’s been a pleasure listening to your commentary on the two episodes you’ve done of the “Enterprise Incidents” podcast. You directed a few of my favorite episodes of Star Trek, including This Side of Paradise, Bread and Circuses, and Obsession.

Return to Tomorrow, while not a top favorite of mine, is nonetheless an episode I keep coming back to, perhaps because it showcases such a fascinating idea: the rediscovery of a forgotten race of powerful beings who seeded much of the galaxy. We find the Enterprise crew in uncharted space, confronting an unknown and extremely powerful force on a dead world, which strongly invokes The City on the Edge of Forever. This episode also features what many Star Trek fans agree is one of William Shatner’s best moments as Captain Kirk: the “Risk is our business” speech in the briefing room. Another strong point of this episode is Leonard Nimoy’s “charmingly evil” performance as the treacherous Henoch. Nimoy had to give Spock a little more range than normal in this episode, and he makes it look effortless.

I agree with you that the episode’s great weakness is that it promises so much in the themes it tackles, but ends up delivering comparatively little. Sargon and Thalassa could have taught humanity so many things, including details of a million years of history that were utterly unknown to the Federation. As Kirk says, with their help, mankind could have leapt ahead by generations; but instead…they turn on a dime from all of their lofty promises to aid mankind, and vanish into oblivion. Even the android bodies they were constructing could have taught the Federation a great deal, but the episode ends with a clean break, which feels like an eleventh-hour story change to me. It would be interesting to learn more about how this episode developed and how many other possible endings were considered but ultimately abandoned in favor of what we now have.

Thank you so much for your wonderful contributions to the world of Star Trek, and your commentary here and on Enterprise Incidents. I will definitely return to read through more of this site!

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Fantastic stuff to read and revel in after watching so many of these sensitive episodes. “Metamorphosis” and “Obsession” were always two of my favorite episodes, followed by “This Side of Paradise”, “City on the Edge of Forever”, “Balance of Terror”, “Trouble with Tribbles” and “The Naked Time” with the little alien dog

Dear Mr. Ralph Senensky, Fantastic stuff to read and revel in after watching so many of these sensitive episodes. “Metamorphosis” and “Obsession” were always two of my favorite episodes.

Thank you so very much for your time, talent and contribution to this TV franchise that so many million of people have enjoyed as pleasant entertainment.

Happy Almost 100th Birthday, coming in May of 2023 !!!!!!

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Thanks for your blog. –Thinking about it, “Return to Tomorrow” has features of “Bride of Frankenstein”: of course, in that movie, the Monster says to the Bride, “We belong dead”, which is basically the choice that the tragic disembodied couple in RTT make, too. (Kirk’s big “risk” speech borders on the Faustian/hubristic, by the way; but “Star Trek” was obviously more optimistic about science than “Frankenstein” was.)

In RTT, Sargon at least gets agreement from Thalassa, but in both the RTT and Bride, it is the female who is more resistant to giving up her new body. Indeed, Thalassa is creeped out by seeing the male-looking android body that Henoch shows her (even if it’s going to get “female modifications”), a body which is reminiscent of Frankenstein and multiple imitators (evil robot movies, etc.) over the decades/centuries.

True, RTT is somewhat more wistful/hopeful than Bride (Roddenberry’s “oblivion” is counterbalanced by Dugan’s “we’ll be together forever”, giving some chance of eternal togetherness; and again, in RTT, both male and female willingly depart their bodies, unlike the hissing Bride in “Bride”); but in both, there is still the tragedy of a couple who had hoped for a happy — if “unnatural” — new life in a material body through the wonders of science, but are denied it.

Just wondering if anyone else had noticed the similarity. Live long and prosper, whoever is reading this. Thanks again, Ralph.

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  • This Side of Paradise
  • Metamorphosis
  • SPECIAL: Metamorphosis revisited again
  • SPECIAL: Who Voiced the Companion?
  • Bread And Circuses
  • Is There In Truth No Beauty?
  • SPECIAL: Companion and the Ambassador
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  • ENTERPRISE INCIDENTS: This Side of Paradise
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  • ENTERPRISE INCIDENTS: Is There in Truth No Beauty
  • Johnny Temple
  • SPECIAL: First Day First Film
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  • SPECIAL: Hello Again to Hastings' Farewell
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  • A Journey To Sunrise
  • SPECIAL: Remembering
  • Printer's Devil
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  • SPECIAL: Revisiting the Channing campus
  • In The Closing Of A Trunk
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  • The Seven Minute Life Of James Houseworthy
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  • SPECIAL: Dancing at The Marathon again
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  • SPECIAL: The Fire Storm rages again
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star trek return to tomorrow full cast

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Star Trek - The Original Series, Vol. 26, Episodes 51 & 52: Return to Tomorrow/ Patterns of Force

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Star Trek - The Original Series, Vol. 26, Episodes 51 & 52: Return to Tomorrow/ Patterns of Force

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Product Description

"Return to Tomorrow," Ep. 51 - Kirk, Spock, and Dr. Ann Marshall allow noncorporeal beings to inhabit their bodies so that these aliens can prepare androids for themselves. But one entity secretly plans to remain in Spock's body. "Patterns of Force," Ep. 52 - On a routine check of planet Ekos, nuclear missles are fired at the U.S.S. Enterprise. Kirk and Spock investigate and find the planet is controlled by latter-day Nazis.

Product details

  • Is Discontinued By Manufacturer ‏ : ‎ No
  • MPAA rating ‏ : ‎ Unrated (Not Rated)
  • Product Dimensions ‏ : ‎ 7.75 x 5.5 x 0.5 inches; 4 Ounces
  • Media Format ‏ : ‎ DVD, Closed-captioned, Color, Full Screen, Dolby, NTSC
  • Run time ‏ : ‎ 1 hour and 40 minutes
  • Release date ‏ : ‎ June 19, 2001
  • Actors ‏ : ‎ William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, Nichelle Nichols, James Doohan
  • Subtitles: ‏ : ‎ English
  • Language ‏ : ‎ English (Dolby Digital 5.1)
  • Studio ‏ : ‎ Paramount
  • ASIN ‏ : ‎ B00005BCK7
  • Writers ‏ : ‎ Gene Roddenberry
  • Number of discs ‏ : ‎ 1
  • #138,549 in DVD

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star trek return to tomorrow full cast

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Creature Features

Celebrating The Art Of Fantastic Cinema

star trek return to tomorrow full cast

Return to Tomorrow: The Filming of Star Trek: The Motion Picture

$ 29.95

Out of stock


JANUARY 1, 2015 UPDATE : As of Wednesday, December 31st, all book orders from the first printing of 1,000 copies have been processed and shipped. For those who missed out on the first edition, a second printing has been ordered and is scheduled to arrive in early March.

MARCH 19, 2015 UPDATE : After historic strikes at the Long Beach docks, the books have arrived ! Orders are being processed and shipped in the order they were placed. Thanks to everyone for your patience. For those who’ve been waiting until stock arrived, order now before the second printing goes the way of the first!

Thanks to everyone who helped make this our most successful effort to date, and check back often for more announcements on exciting genre-themed books in the weeks ahead!

Creature Features Publishing presents a legendary, long-lost Making-Of movie book:  RETURN TO TOMORROW : The Filming of Star Trek: The Motion Picture  by Preston Neal Jones.

RETURN TO TOMORROW  is a stunningly detailed and candid oral history, going behind the scenes of one of the most famous films not only in  Star Trek  history, but all of science fiction and cinema.

In 1979, Preston Neal Jones was given unparalleled access to the cast and creators of  Star Trek: The Motion Picture  for what was intended to be a cover story for  Cinefantastique  magazine. Owing to the late completion of the film and ambitious scope of the manuscript, it was never published—until now.

This book is a priceless time capsule, a 672-page oral history in the words of sixty of the film’s cast and creators, interviewed as the film was being prepared for release—and nobody had any idea if it would succeed or even be finished on time.

From the stars (William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy and the entire cast) to the filmmakers (Gene Roddenberry, Robert Wise) to the brilliant visual effects artists, illustrators, model builders and technicians who realized the 23rd century on screen (costumes, sets, props, models, music, sound FX and more), no aspect of the film’s creation is overlooked.

The entire manuscript has been laboriously fact-checked and prepared for modern publication, while retaining all of the candid comments from 35 years ago. The gorgeous cover art is the original painting by Roger Stine intended for  Cinefantastique , courtesy the Daren R. Dochterman Collection.

Go behind the scenes of this pivotal sci-fi masterwork and hear the unvarnished, uncensored truth of how it was created.

Strictly limited to 1,000 copies, this mammoth trade paperback is available for pre-order now! All orders are subject to availability.

The first 100 copies will come personally autographed by the author, so order your copy today!

About the Author

Preston Neal Jones’ first excursion into cinematic oral history, “James Whale Remembered,” appeared in Forrest J Ackerman’s original  Famous Monsters of Filmland.  His first book,  Heaven and Hell to Play With: The Filming of  The Night of the Hunter, was hailed as one of the finest works of its kind and earned the Rondo Award for Book of the Year from the Classic Horror Film Board. Jones’ writings have appeared in periodicals as disparate as  Cinefantastique  and  American Art Review . Active in the film/TV industry, he has served as creative advertising executive, script analyst and production assistant; introduced film screenings at American Cinematheque and the Los Angeles Film School; and contributed entries to  Groves’ New Dictionary of Music and Musicians  and  The St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture . Jones’ liner notes have graced modern-day recordings of music from such Golden Age film composers as Alfred Newman, Hans J. Salter and Frank Skinner. At UCLA, Jones has lectured on the subject of film music, and at Roanoke College in Virginia (where he was writer in residence) he taught on the topics of  The Night of the Hunter  and  Star Trek: The Motion Picture.

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